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17 Cards in this Set

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Morphology
the identification, analysis and description of the structure of a given language's morphemes and other linguistic units, such as words, affixes, parts of speech, intonation/stress, or implied context (words in a lexicon are the subject matter of lexicology)

..the study of the structure of words
Morpheme..smallest linguistic unit with either ________ or _______
Meaning or grammatical function
Another thing that Morphology studies
regularities that govern how
morphemes are allowed to combine to form words.

Not all combinations and orders possible of morphemes
Free morphemes (vs. bound)
Can stand alone as word
Bound morphemes (vs. free)
cannot stand alone as a word
Root (vs. affixes)
morpheme that carries main part of meaning
Affixes (vs. root)
not central part of meaning, change meaning
slightly, fulfill grammatical function
All affixes are ________ morphemes
bound morphemes
All free morphemes are ______
root
Prefix
affixes that precede the root
Suffixes
affixes that follow the root
Infixes
affix inside of the root
circumfixes
affix wraps around the root
Expletive infix goes before _____
goes before stressed syllable
words with initial stress cannot take infix
Derivational affix
not central part of meaning, change meaning
slightly, fulfill grammatical function

Both prefixes and suffixes in english
Inflectional affix
" Grammatical function – presence required by syntax
" Creates different form of same word
" Never changes the part of speech
" In English all are suffixes
" Very productive
Where are derivational and inflectional placed?
Derivational always before inflectional..remember this for tree diagrams