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9 Cards in this Set

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True/False - 95% of Cases of Hypertension (named Essential) are of unknown cause.
True
Both Systolic and Diastolic BP rise with increasing AGE. High blood pressure attributed to a definable cause is (blank).
secondary HTN
EH Characterisitcs & Experimental Findings: Stage? Hereditary? SNS? Blood Vessels? Kidney Abnormality?
Stage 1 HTN; Hereditary (important role); often increased renin levels; overactive SNS; Blood vessels abnormal constriction
Describe the Hemodynamic Characteristics of EH with increasing Age.
Younger (high CO, normal TPR); Older (normal CO, high TPR)
Secondary HTN Characteristics: Age, Severity, Onset, Hereditary
<20,>50; Very Severe; Rapid Onset; Sporadic FH
True/False - The diagnosis of Renal HTN is often suggested by an abdominal bruit.
True
How is pheochromocytoma hypertension diagnosed? Treatment?
urinalysis or serum catecholamine levels after attack. REMOVAL is the definitive treatment.
Cushing's, a syndrome of excessive production of(blank) can lead to hypertension. Often distinguished by round face and hirsuitism.
glucocorticoids (cortisol)
What 4 structures are often the first to be damaged by systemic HTN?
blood vessels, heart, retina (papilledema=acute, nicks in veins), kidney