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9 Cards in this Set

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DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN THE PRIMARY TYPES OF LIFE SPAN DEVELOPMENT BY DEFINITION AND EXAMPLE.
1.Physical Growth and Development
2.Cognitive Development
3.Social/Emotional Development
DESCRIBE THE CHARACTERISTICS OF LIFE SPAN DEVELOPMENT AND IDENTIFY EXAMPLES OF EACH.
multidimensional
age-graded
history graded
non-normative
COMPARE AND CONTRAST CONTINUITY THEORY AND DISCONTINUITY THEORY
Continuity theorists believe that development is the result of gradual and cumulative changes over the entire life span, whereas discontinuity theorists believe that development occus in discrete, identifiable stages.
DESCRIBE THE VARIOUS STEPS IN TEH SCEINTIFIC METHOD OF RESEARCH.
The scientific method involves formulating a hypothesis, then testing the hypothesis, drawing conclusions, and making the findings available to others.
COMPARE ADN CONTRAST THE TYPES OF RESEARCH DESIGNS.
Naturalistic Observation - watch people in their natural settings, no manipulation of the setting, just the fact that you are being observed.

Field Experiments-observation that takes place in a natural setting, but there is some manipulation or control over variables,there is no control over many variables.
Controlled Experiments
- are done in a laboratory setting where much greater control over extraneous variables can take place. downside is that the real world isn't like a laboratory.
DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN THE TYPES OF VARIABLES BY DEFINITION AND EXAMPLE.
Independent Variables - the manipulated one
Dependent Variables- outcome measures of interest
Confounding Variables- things that might affect the result in unanticipated ways or that were not controlled for in the design of the experiment.
DESCRIBE THE STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES OF VARIOUS METHODS OF SAMPLING USED IN LIFE SPAN RESEARCH.
You can't study everyone so you take a sample.Try to take a represented random sample so that every participant has an equal chance of being assigned to the experimental group. Good sampling is very difficult to achieve, because most research depends upon people volunteering to be participants.
DISCUSS ETHICAL ISSUES IN LIFE SPAN RESEARCH.
Participants must have informed consent.
Participants should have a right to privacy.
Protect the dignity of the participants, so be sure to debrief the participants if using deception.
COMPARE AND CONTRAST ETIOLOGICAL THEORIES, PSYCHODYNAMIC THEORIES, AND PSYCHOSOCIAL THEORIES OF LIFESPAN DEVELOPMENT, INCLUDING THE VARIOUS STAGES PROPOSED; IDENTIFY THE MAIN THEORISTS ASSOCIATED WITH EACH THEORY.
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