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55 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
alchemy
the attempt to change base metals into gold by a mixture of science and magic
atom
a building block of all matter
base metals
metals less valuable than gold
electron
a negatively charged atomic particle
evolution
the theory that all organisms develop from simpler organisms
experimentation
doing repeated tests to prove a scientific fact
exponent
the power to which a number is raised
gram
the standard metric unit of mass
hypothesis
a probable answer to a scientific problem
law
a proven scientific fact
liter
the standard metric unit of volume
meter
the standard metric unit of length
metric system
a system of measurement based on the number ten
neutron
a neutral atomic particle
organism
an individual animal or plant
philosopher
a person who is guided in life by the principle that man is a rational and social being
poliomyelitis
a crippling disease causing inflammation of the lining of the spinal cord
proton
a positive atomic particle
Renaissance
the rebirth of true learning
scholastics
Medieval men who cataloged the ideas of ancient philosophers
science
orderly knowledge demonstrated by repeatable tests
scientific method
the nine steps a scientist uses in his/her work
scientific notation
a system of writing numbers less than 0.1 and greater than 100 as a multiple of a power of 10
second
the standard unit of time
significant figures
those digits in a number that have true value
species
a group of animals or plants that have characteristics in common and are able to interbreed
summa
an encyclopedia-like document written by a scholastic
theory
a probable solution to a scientific problem
animalcules
the name given by Leeuwenhoek to the microorganisms he viewed through his microscope
biodegradable
capable of being broken down by bacterial action
communication
the giving and receiving of information
dynamo
a generator
electron microscope
a very powerful microscope
expansion
how much larger a material will get when heated
fuel
a source of energy
generator
a device for producing electricity
gunpowder
an explosive substance
inclined plane
a man-made hill
industry
the manufacture of goods
Industrial Revolution
the change from an agricultural to industrial society in England (1750-1850)
iron lung
a device to assist breathing
microscope
a device for viewing things which are invisible to the unaided human eye
pollution
the contamination of the earth
printing press
a device that uses movable type
shaduf
a device used by the ancient Egyptians to fill their irrigation ditches from the Nile River
stress
how much pressure a material can withstand
technology
applied science
tensile strength
how far a material will stretch without tearing
tetracycline
a medicine
textile industry
the manufacture of cloth
water mill
a device that uses running water to grind grain
cloning
producing many identical organisms at once
cloning
producing many identical organisms at once
cotton gin
a device for cleaning cotton in quantity
penicillin
a medicine