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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Who was the governor of Vriginia in the mid 1600?
Sir William Berkeley
What did the backcountry (poor) farmers want/need?
more land to farm
Why were the backcountry farmers and the Native Americans in conflict with each other?
the Native Americans lived on the land that the backcountry farmers wanted
Did the House of Burgesses in Virginia support or reject the backcountry farmers request? Why or Why Not?
Reject, the House of Burgesses did not want to fight the Native Americans
Who led the attack against the Native Americans and organized a rebellion against the House of Burgesses?
Nathaniel Bacon
Who was the governor of Vriginia in the mid 1600?
Sir William Berkeley
What did the backcountry (poor) farmers want/need?
more land to farm
Why were the backcountry farmers and the Native Americans in conflict with each other?
the Native Americans lived on the land that the backcountry farmers wanted
Did the House of Burgesses in Virginia support or reject the backcountry farmers request? Why or Why Not?
Reject, the House of Burgesses did not want to fight the Native Americans
Who led the attack against the Native Americans and organized a rebellion against the House of Burgesses?
Nathaniel Bacon
What lesson did the House of Burgesses learn from Bacon's Rebellion?
the wealthy planters realized that they had to support the backcountry farmers and their need for land
The forced migration of Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to America was known as the
Middle Passage
What were laws passed in Virginia designed to regulate trade and define the relationship between enslaved and free people?
slave code
What were bills of exchange?
credit slips used to exchange goods
The exchange of goods between Africa to the Caribbean, the Caribbean to America, and then America to Africa was known as
Triangular Trade
What vocabulary term means that a country's wealth was measured by the amount of gold and silver it possessed?
Mercantilism
According to mercantilists, what was the purpose of colonies?
to be self-sufficient in raw materials
What were the Navigation Acts?
English colonists were required to transport goods on English ships and the colonies could only sell to England
What was the purpose of the Navigation Acts?
to make England the wealthiest country in the world
When some of the colonies refused to obey the Navigation Acts, how did the King of England react?
revoked the charter and set up royal colonies
A government in which the king or queen had total control was known as
an absolute monarchy.
A government in which the king or queen share control with a law making body was known as
a constitutional monarchy
Was King James II Catholic or Protestant?
Catholic
Why did Parliament ask King James II to leave England?
Parliament wanted the country to be Protestant
The bloodless transfer of power from King James II to William and Mary of Orange was known as the
Glorious Revolution
The law that limited the power of the King/Queen of England and gave people more power was known as the
English Bill of Rights
What were 3 laws specifically mentioned in the English Bill of Rights?
1. right to a trial by jury
2. right to a trial by peers
3. freedom of speech
What is the reason it is important to know about the English Bill of Rights?
The English Bill of Rights was the model for the Bill of Rights from the US Constitution
The European cultural movement that challenged the authority of the church in the area of science was known as the
Enlightenment
Define rationalism
emphasis on logic and reasoning
What were the 3 Natural Rights?
life, liberty and property
Who developed the Theory of Natural Rights?
John Locke
Which Enlightenment thinker believed that government and its laws should only be created by the consent of the people?
Jean Rousseau
Which Enlightenment thinker developed the idea of 3 branches of government?
Baron Montesquieu
What was the religious movement that stressed a person's commitment to God?
Great Awakening
Identify 2 preachers from the Great Awakening.
George Whitefield
and
Jonathan Edwards
Which preacher from the Great Awakening delivered the "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God" sermon?
Jonathan Edwards
What was the reason the Great Awakening and the Enlightenment was so important to the colonists?
Colonists felt a stronger sense of power than ever before
Which 4 countries fought in the French and Indian War?
Great Britain and the colonies
vs.
France and Indians
What was the reason the British and the French fought the French and Indian War?
control of land over in North America
Who won the French and Indian War?
Britain and colonists
Who was asked by the British to lead the colonial troops during the French and Indian War?
George Washington
What was the purpose of the Albany Conference?
Colonists wanted the Iroquois Indians to remain neutral
Who was the commander in chief of the British Army?
General Edward Braddock
define neutral
to stay out
What was the Seven Years' War?
fighting between France and England in Europe
What ended the French and Indian War?
Treaty of Paris of 1763
How were the French and colonists able to win the War of 1812?
colonists captured the French capital in North America, Quebec
Who wrote the Albany Plan of Union?
Ben Franklin
Define royal colony.
A royal colony is under the direct control of the King/Queen of England