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95 Cards in this Set

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Principle 1
-different from medical profession
-Natural healing
-Elimination of VSC
Principle 2
-Vitalistic philosophy
-Correct VSC based on the vitalistic philosophy
Principle 3
-Innate Intelligence
Innate Intelligence - Def
inborn ability to direct and regulate its own internal physiology, adaptation, and healing

--natural principle of self-organization
Principle 4
-expression of innate intelligence
How is innate intelligence expressed?
balance of physiology, homeostasis, adaptation and healing VIA CNS andnerve impulses
Principle 5
-Definition of VSC
Definition of vertebral subluxation
misalignment or biomechanical malfunction within spinal column -->nerve tissue-->nerve message to/from brain
Principle 6
-VSC occurs anywhere along spinal column especially upper cervical
Principle 7
-innate intelligence strives to remove VSC through adaptation
Principle 8
-Chiropractic has learned to facilitate eliminating VS
-identification, characterization, reduction/correction
-adjustment
an _____ is what defines chiropractic's ____ ____ ____
adjustment
primary clinical objective
Principle 9
-process of reduction/correction of VS
Principle 10
-Best adjustic techniques
-safely, efficiently, and economically
Principle 11
-procedures relevant to ID of VSC
Principle 12
-the ONLY time to give adjustment when VS is detected
-Examination ALWAYS should be done
Definition of chiropractic adjustment
(a specific adjustic force directed toward a specific spinal articulation to facilitate the reduction or correction of a vertebral subluxation
Principle 13
-development of VSC
-chiropractic = health-enhancing, well-service
-an adjustment can always be performed
Principle 14
-not the objective of chiropractic (treatment of disease or alleviate pain)
-reduced/corrected VSC = function better naturally in ALL areas of life
Principle 15
-natural healing = body's best way to heal
definition of philosophy
-study of laws and causes under-lying reality, leading to an understanding of its fundamental nature
-attempt to explain phenomena using all info available
formation of a person's viewpoint (worldview)
--being with indoctrination
--continues through life
--collection of unexamined/examined beliefs
unexamined philosophy
-pre-critical programming
"indoctrinated beliefs"
Examined Philosophy
-critical responsibility of the mature mind
Where unexamined philosophy may come from
-parents, church, school, society, media
Where examined philosophy may come from
-self-awareness, experience, study, testing
Beliefs should be...
-Consciously accepted, if true
-modified to be true
-rejected if false, and replaced with truth
Greek Philosphy:

two main topics?
-Metaphysics

-The Normative Sciences
Metaphysics
study of the essential nature of reality
The Normative sciences
-evaluation of human relationships
-called "normative" because they set "norms"/values
Normative Sciences:

3 major categories of study
1) Ethics
2) Aesthetics
3) Epistemology
Ethics
relationships between people and others.

including politics--the study of social actions
Aesthetics
relationships between people and objects
Epitemology
relationship between people and knowledge

including logic-the study of reasoning
Ethics is closely related to: (2 things)
--morality
--law
Ethics: morality
relationship between man and God
Ethics: law
social and political relationships
Aesthetics: study of
beauty, proportion, harmony
Aesthetics: led to and applications in
--music and then mathematics
--geometry/architecture
Aesthetics: remains ___ today
philosophical/deductive

(impressionism/expressionism)
Epistemology: study of
methods, limits, validity of knowledge
Methods of Epistemology
deductive/inductive reasoning
Limits of Epistemology
what can we know and how can we know it
Validity of Epistemology
what CRITERIA OF TRUTH we accept
Central theme of chiropractic philosophy is base on...
metaphysics
Triune of Life is a ____ doctrine
metaphysical
____ _____ is a metaphysical assumption
universal intelligence
innate intelligence
Materialism
-Idealism of Metaphysis
-reality can be understood by reference to matter and its properties EXCLUSIVELY
-matter ONLY
Idealism
-antithesis portion of metaphysis
-Mind/spirit is source of reality
-matter is just a transient creation of mind
Mind/Spirit = ???
immaterial, NON-PHYSICAL essence
Dualism
Reality of two elements (mind and matter) and functions on two levels (mentally and physically)
who proposed dualism?
Rene Descartes
Dualism: man is view as...
mental being in a physical body
"Bridging the Great Divide"
-named by BJ Palmer
---consciousness (immaterial) gives form
---Matter/Energy (material) expresses form
---Force (Interaction) links the two
"the Great Divide"
-Named by BJ Palmer
-dualististic interactionalism
Types of COSMOLOGICAL metaphysical doctrines
Materialism, idealism, dualism
-Describe the nature of basic existence
"cosmos"
to all of reality
Metaphysical doctrines concerning living things is called...
Biological Doctrines
Types of Biological Doctrines
Mechanism
Vitalism
Mechanism
-life can be completely explained by the actions of physical, chemical, and electrical forces alone
Vitalism
life and its functions depend on a "vital influence" which differs in kind form all physical, chemical, and electrical forces
"Central Dogma" of biology
Mechanism
Mechanism: Life is nothing more than...
complex carbon chemistry
Vitalism is derived from....
dualism
Vitalism: Life is chemistry...
animated by counsciousness
Inclusive doctrine of vitalism
-physical, chemical, electrical forces necessary
-an immaterial causality included as well
"the ghost in the machine" refers to
inclusive doctrine of vitalism
Extreme Vitalism
-matter evolves, then spirit animates it
-very theological interpretation of vitalism
Moderate Vitalism
--immaterial co-evolves with physical structure
--vital force continuously involved in the process
--MATERIAL/IMMATERIAL INTERACTIONALISM
Moderate vitalism

aka?
critical vitalism
Epistemology of Philosophy
deductive reasoning-based
Epistemology of Science
inductive reasoning-based
Philosophy judges the _____ of knowledge
value/worth
Philosophy justifies the ____ of our ____
value
actions
Science
The study of patterns, processes and mechanisms of reality, leading to an understanding of how it works
Science does not tend to define
values
Highest scientific value is _____ __ _____
objectivity of observation
Highest scientific goal is ____ ___ _____
revelation of knowledge

NOT evaluation
Reductionistic process of science
study parts and pieces
Deduction
"To pull out of'

-to derive meaningful conclusions from general principles through logical reasoning
-based on assumptions
Philosophy's basic argument
syllogism
Major premise of syllogism
all humans have the capacity to heal themselves
Minor premise of syllogism
you are a human being
Logical conclusion of syllogism
you have the capacity to heal yourself
Deductive logic
inherent, self-evident relationship between meaningful statements – well formalized
Science works through
inductive reasoning
Induction:
"to pull into"
-To derive meaningful conclusions from specific experiences through comparative logic
-Based on accurate, measurable observations
Two Types of Inductive Reasoning
1) Informal
2) Formal
Informal Inductive Reasoning
-learn from personal observation
-recognize patterns of similarity
Formal Inductive Reasoning
-Create controlled experience
-collect specific observations
-apply inductive logic
-conclusion based on data and inductive logic
Formal Inductive Reasoning

aka?
Scientific/experimental method
Hypothesis must be.....
measurable, disprovable as well as supportable
Inductive logic
statistical analysis of comparison between control/variable data
"black swan problem"
limitation of inductive reasoning--incompleteness of data
Scientific Materialism
But it can also limit our view of reality

“If science can’t measure it, it doesn’t exist.”