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8 Cards in this Set

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What are the three level's of Leavell and Clarks prevention?
primary prevention
secondary prevention
tertiary prevent
Primary Prevention
occurs before anything has ever happened
generalized health promotion and specific protection against disease
examples: health education, immunizations, health risk assessments for specific diseases, family planning, marriage counseling, environmental sanitation
Secondary Prevention
Recognition of injury or disease
early detection and intervention, and health manteinence (diagnosis)
Includes prevention and complications of disabilities
example: post operation complications, screenings, disaster teams, teaching self examinations, assessing growth and development
Tertiary Prevention
After illness, when a defect of disablitiy is fixed, stablized or irreversible
Focuss on helping rehabilitate indivudals and restore them to an optimum level of functioning within the constraints of the disability
Example: rehab centers, teaching identity and prevention, support groups
American Nursing Association Quotation
" limit disability, and to rehabilutate, or restore the affeted individual, to his or her maximum possible capacities."
unintentional or intentional damage to the body resulting from acute exposure to heat, machines, electronics, or chemcials or from absence of heat or oxygen
Can be prevented by manipulating factors
Injury Risk Factors
age/developmental level
safty awareness
abliity to communicate
psychosocial stat
*age increases risk of injury*
number one injury is falls.
1 in 3 people 65 yrs older suffer a fall
50% all nursing home (much prevention is needed: assess room and risk of falling, bed/wheelchair maintence, clothing, monitoring devices,