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22 Cards in this Set

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(으)ㄴ

"큰"
Relative clause marker attached to adjectives.
"that/which is big"
(으)는

"읽는"
Relative clause marker attached to verbs.
"that/who is reading"
(으)ㄴ

"한"
Relative clause past tense marker for verbs.
"that/which * did"
입었어/신었어/썼어/꼈어

"제가 반바지를 입었어요."
The past tense is used to show "wearing" now.
"I am wearing shorts."
(으)ㄴ/는 것 같아요
Final clause to express a guess about something or someone. "seems like/that"
마셔요 --> 마셔

갔어요 --> 갔어
Dropping the final "요" creates more intimate speech used with close friends, younger family, children, & animals.
-자고 하다
Final clause to express reported/quoted propositive statements. "Let's..."
-면 어때요?

"비가 오면 어때요?"
Final clause to convey a blithesome perspective.
"So what if it rains?"
(으)ㄴ/는데
Non-final clause expressing contrast of two dissimilar clauses. "but"
스무살
서른살
마흔산
쉰살
20 years old
30 years old
40 years old
50 years old
예순살
일흔살
여든살
아흔살
60 years old
70 years old
80 years old
90 years old
-고있다

"제가 반바지를 입고 있어요."
Final clause that can be used to express wearing clothes, etc at the present.
"I'm wearing shorts."
(-아/어/여)도
Non-final clause meaning "even though".
(-아/어/여)지다
Final clause that expresses a change or development from one condition to another.
"become, get"
(으)라고 하다
Final clause for reported/quoted imperatives.
(으)ㄴ 적이 있다

"제가 그 책을 읽은 적이 있어요."
Final clause to express one's past experience doing something.
"I have read that book (before)."
-도 -도
Markers used to show 'both-and'.
(이)나
Particle used to show that a quantity is greater than expected.
(으)ㄴ/는지

"어디가 아픈지 아세요?"
Non-final clause using question words to ask about something.
"Do you know where it hurts?"
-나고 하다
Final clause for reported/quoted interrogatives.
-게 되다
Final clause to express a final condition after a change.
-기로 하다
Final clause to express the speaker's resolution to do something.