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20 Cards in this Set

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adj. giving assistance or support;
n. a helper, aid

syn: adj. additional, back-up
n. reserve, accessory
ant: adj. main, primary, principal
If the main motor fails, the instructions say to turn on the auxiliary (adj) motor. Someone second in command is an auxiliary (n) to the person in charge.
adj. frank, sincere; impartial; unposed

syn: forthright, plainspoken, unbiased
ant: insincere, evasive, misleading, artful
It is safe to be candid about our faults with friends and loved ones.
n. a small room or compartment

syn: enclosure, hole-in-the-wall
ant: vast hall, auditorium
The tiniest cubicle is usually assigned to the newest employee.
n. work that is hard and tiresome

syn: toil, labor, grind
ant: play, frolic, amusement, recreation, fun
Trade unions lobby to relieve the endless drudgery of factory workers.
n. a representative or messenger (as of a government)

syn: agent, ambassador, emissary, minister
On more than one occasion, a former President has been asked to act as a special envoy.
v. to elevate; to increase in intensity

syn: climb, raise, ascend, mount
ant: decrease, lessen, descend, defuse
A small dispute can escalate into a major conflict unless opposing parties sit down and talk.
n. a means to an end;
adj. advantageous, useful

syn: n. contrivance, device;
adj. inconvenient,
As an expedient (n), we chose to use a rock as a makeshift hammer.
v. to pretend

syn: fake, sham, affect, simulate
Children sometimes feign illness to avoid going to school.
n. a natural quality, talent, or skill; a distinctive style

syn: aptitude, bent, knack, gift, style, panache
ant: inability, incapacity
An opera singer needs a flair for the dramatic as well as a good voice.
adj. causing sorrow or pain; serious

syn: painful, heartrending, onerous, flagrant
ant: joyful, uplifting, cheery, upbeat, comforting
Reporters should take careful notes when interviewing to avoid making grievous errors in print.
adj. composed of different kinds, diverse

syn: miscellaneous, mixed, variegated
ant: uniform, homogeneous, of a piece
Most college admissions officers actively seek a student body that is both talented and heterogeneous.
n. a vast number (as of people); a throng

syn: crowd, mass, multitude, host, swarm
ant: few, handful
When the doors opened, a horde of shoppers headed towards the sales racks.
v. to force, drive forward

syn: urge, push, spur, propel, incite
ant: discourage, check, restrain, curb
Hunger often impels people to leave their homes in search of food.
adj. disbelieving, skeptical

syn: dubious, mistrustful, doubting
ant: believing, trustful, gullible
When the testimony of a witness contradicts the evidence you can expect incredulous stares from the jury.
v. to write or engrave; to enter a name on a list

syn: imprint, enroll, enlist
ant: erase, rub out, delete, efface, obliterate
The young man asked the jeweler to inscribe the locket with his fiancee's name.
n. a speech by one actor; a long talk by one person

syn: soliloquy, recitation
ant: dialogue, conversation, colloquy
By means of a monologue, a playwright shares a character's private thoughts with the audience.
n. a forecast of the probable course and outcome of a disease or situation

syn: prediction, projection
Doctors are particularly happy to deliver a prognosis of a speedy recovery.
adj. with a harsh, grating
n. a harsh sound

syn: adj. scratchy, scraping, abrasive, gravelly
ant: adj. sonorous, smooth, satiny, silky, mellow
Chronic bronchitis can lead to a rasping cough that is difficult to cure.

The rasping of metal scraping against metal sets my teeth on edge.
adj. offensive, disagreeable, distasteful

syn: hateful, odious, revolting, repulsive
ant: pleasing, attractive, tempting, wholesome
Despite their repugnant lack of cleanliness, pigs are endearing to many people.
v. to sink a ship by cutting holes in it; to get rid of something in a decisive way; to run hastily, scurry
n. a pail

syn: v. abandon, discard, scrap, ditch, dump
ant: v. keep afloat, salvage, rescue, preserve
Pirates would not wish to scuttle a captured galleon before looting its cargo.

Years ago, it was possible to buy a scuttle of coal at the corner grocery store.