Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/47

Click to flip

47 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Alberti Bass
Broken chord- accompaniment figure named for Domenico Alberto
N/A
Binary Form
Two- part form, A B
2 sections, look at Bach page 4
Ternary form
Three- part from, A B A
3 sections, look at May that Grace be Abound
Parallel
Major and minor key with the same tonic
C Major = c minor
F Major = f minor
Relative
Major and minor key with the same key signature
C Major = a minor

Major to minor relative:Down 3 letters and 1 1/2 step

minor to Major relative: 3 letters and 1 1/2 steps up
Contrary Motion
2 parts moving in opposite direction
CDEFGABCDEFGABC
(left) (right)
Parallel motion
2 parts moving in the same direction keeping the same distance apart
CDEFGABC (right)
CDEFGABC (left)
Animato
Animated, excitedly
N/A
Cantabile
Sing
N/A
Dolce
Sweetly
remember Spanish dulce means sweetly
Espressivo
Expressively
N/A
Leggiero
Lightly
N/A
Marcato
Marked, Accented
N/A
Portato
A detached touch between staccato and legato
N/A
Subito
Suddenly
Subito p = suddenly soft
Subito f = suddenly loud
Chromatic
Movement by half steps
N/A
Enharmonic
Two different names for the same pitch
D# and E flat
Inverted triad
(inversion)
Triad in which the notes are rearranged so that the lowest note is the 3rd or 5th instead of the root
first inversion
second inversion
15 ma
play the notes 2 octaves higher than written
N/A
15 mb
play the notes 2 octaves lower than written
N/A
Opus
Latin term, abbreivation is op. used to indicate the order of publication
Opus. 13
Ostinato
Repeating pattern, usually in the bass
N/A
D.C. al fine
Da Capo al Fine. Return to the beginning and play to FINE
N/A
Da Capo al Coda
D.C. al coda
Return to the beginning and play to the first coda sign, then skip to next coda sign and play to the end
N/A
D.S. al fine
Dal Segno al Fine. Return to the sign and play to FINE
N/A
Dal Segno al Coad
D.S. al Coda
Return to the sign and play to the first coda sign, the skip to next coda sign and play to the end
N/A
Supertonic
2nd degree of the scale
1= tonic
2= supertonic
4= subdominant
5= dominant
Leading tone
7th degree of the scale
N/A
Largo
Broad
N/A
Vivace
Quick, lively, fast
N/A
Chorale
Hymn of the German Protestant Church. Introduced by Martin Luther during the Reformation
Around the time of 1450
Landler
Early 19th century Austrian peasant dance in 3/4 time rather like a slow waltz.
Mozart, Beethoven, and Schubert wrtoe collections of landler
Minuet
A graceful and dignified French dance in 3/4 time time
About 300 yrs, ago
Musette
Lively melody accompanied by a drone-like (bagpipe) bass. Usually in 2/4 time
N/A
Polka
A Bohemian dance in quick duple meter in 2/4 time
N/A
Tarantella
Italian dance in 6/8 time. According to popular legend, this dance was supposed to cure the poisonous bite of the tarantula spider
N/A
Barque Composers
Bach
Handel
Vivaldi
N/A
Classical Composers
Mozart
Hadyn
Beethoven
Romantic Composoers
Brahms
Chopin
Tchaikovsky
N/A
20th Century Composers
Debussy
Prokoflev
Bartok
N/A
Woodind Instruments
Clarinet
Flute
Oboe
Basoon
N/A
Brass
Saxaphone
Trombone
Trumpet
French Horn
Tuba
N/A
Percussion Instruments
Bells
Drums
Timpani (huge drums)
Marimba (xylopone made out of wood)
N/A
Strings Instruments
Cello
Violin
Viola
Double Bass
HARP IS NOT INCLUDED
Beethoven
~Fabulous at Improvisation
~At 30 started getting deaf
~wrote 9 symphonies (9th is the chral and has "Ode to Joy" theme)
~Wrote for all instruments
~Sonata, Concerto, Piano Music
Classical Period- German
Tchaikowsky
~Quit law school
~Madame Von Meck became his patroness
~They never met
~Wrote Opera, Ballet... Concerto, Orchestra...
Romantic- Russian
Debussy
~Focused New Harmonies, New styles
~New sounds, created new forms
~Introduced Chinese (Asian) American, Spanish Sound
~Describes the moon floating through the sky- water fountains
~Learn the names
20th century- French