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30 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Unity
-appearance of oneness
-feeling that all the elements in a work belong together
oneness
Variety
-counteracts unity
-gives a work diversity
counteracts
Symmetrical Balance
-near or exact matching of right and left sides
matching
Assymetrical Balance
-various elements (according to size and meaning) are balanced around a center of gravity
center of gravity
Emphasis
-used to draw attention to a certain area
attention
Subordination
-creates an area of lesser interest that keeps the viewer from being distracted
distractions
Directional Force
-paths for the eye to follow by implied or actual line
paths
Focal Points
-specific spot or figure an artist wants to emphasize
specific
Contrast
-juxtaposition of strongly dissimilar things
-light/dark -big/small
dissimilar
Repetition
-means used to re-emphasize colors, forms, and textures
-creates flow and continuity
re-emphasize
Rhythm
-regular reccurence of elements with related variations
variations
Scale Relationships
-size relation of one thing to another
size
Proportion
-size relationship of parts to a whole
whole
Format
-refers to size and shape (scale and proportion) of a 2 dimensional picture plane
picture plane
Hierarchal Scale
-use of unnatural proportions to show importance of figures
proportions
Eye Level
-imaginary plane
-height of artist's eyes
-where eye level and ground plane converge
converge
Vanishing Point
-point on the horizon at which parallel lines seem to converge
parallel
Intensity, Saturation
-this is the relative purity of a color on a scale from bright to dull
purity
Analogous
-closely related colors
related
Complementary
-colors that are exactly opposite each other on the color wheel
opposite
Primary hues
-colors that cannot be created by mixing other colors
-red, yellow, blue
mixing
Pointillisim
-form of painting using tiny dots of color
dots
Secondary Hues
-can be made by mixing
-orange, green, violet
Chiaroscuro
-Italian word meaning light and dark
-used by Rennaisance painters
rennaisance
Theories of Color
-color groupings that provide distinct color harmonies
harmony
Monochromatic
-color scheme limited to variation of one hue
variation
Crosshatching
-drawing one set of hatchings over another in different directions
-darkens an area
darkens
Actual and Simulated Texture
-actual texture can be felt (wood or sand)
-simulated textures are created to look like something other than paint
Cool and Warm Colors
-cool colors are blue, green and violet (recede)
-warm are red, orange, yellow (expand)
Emotional Effects of Color
-red causes hike in blood pressure and nervousness
-blue has calming effect and lowers pulse
-colors effect mental state and work habits