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73 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
amphi-, ampho
on both sides, around, both
ana
up, back, against
apo
away from
cata (cat before a vowel or h)
downward, disordered
dia (di- before a vowel)
through, across, apart
eso
within, inner, inward
eu
good, normal, healthy
heter, hetero
different, other, relationship to another
homo, homeo
same, likeness
meta (met- before a vowel or h)
change, transformation, after, behind
para (often par- before a vowel)
alongside, around, abnormal, beyond
pro
before
pros, prosth
in place of
-al
adjectival suffix: pertaining to, located in
-ase
forms names of enzymes
-asia, -asis
form abstract nouns: state, condition
-ema
forms abstract nouns: state, condition. The combining form of nouns ending in -ema is emat-
-esis
forms absract nouns: state, condition, procedure
-etic
forms adjectives, often from nouns ending in -esis: pertaining to
-ics, -tics
form nouns indicating a particular science or study: science or study of
-ism
forms abstract nouns: state, condition, quality
-ismus
forms abstract nouns: state, condition; muscular spasm
-oid (rare)ode, id
form both nouns and adjectives indicating a particular shape, form, or resemblance: like, resembling
-oma
forms abstract nouns: usually tumor; occasionally disease. The combining form of nouns ending in -oma os -omat; the plural often is -omata
-ose
adjectival suffix; also used to form names of chemical substances: full of, resembling
-ous
adjectival suffix: pertaining to, characterized by, full of
-tics
forms nouns indicating a particular science or study: science or study of
-us
noun-forming ending: condition, person (sometimes a malformed fetus)
-ize
a commonly used Greek-derived suffix that means "to make, become, cause to be, subject to, engage in."
acr-
[highest point] extremities (particularly the hands and feet)
ambly-
dull, faint
carcin-
[crab]carcinoma, cancer
-cel
hernia, tumor, swelling
cheir-,chir-
hand
chol(e)-
bile, gall
col(i)-, colon-
colon
cyan-
blue
cyst(i)-,-cystis
bladder, cyst
diplo-
double, twin
enter-
(small) intestine
erg-
action, work
gastr-
stomach
hem-, hemat-, -em
blood
hepar-, hepat-
liver
lip-
fat
macr-
(abnormally) large or long
mega-, megal-
(abnormally) large or long
melan-
dark, black
micr-
(abnormally) small
nyct-
night
odyn-
pain
onc-
tumor
pachy-
thick
pseud-
false
py-
pus
sarc-
flesh,soft tissue
spasm-
spasm, involuntary muscular contraction
splen-
spleen
stom-, stomat-
mouth, opening
surgeon
English form came from Greek verb cheirourgoun, meaning to work with the hands, and the noun cheirourgos, one who works with his hands
synergy, synergism
"an action of two or more agaents or organs working with each other, cooperating. Their action is combined and coordinated."
anastomosis
formation of a passage between any two normally distinct spaces or organs
arteriovenous anastomosis
opening between an artery and a vein
enteroenterostomy
creation of a communication between two noncontiguous segments of the intestine
colostomy
formation of a more or less permanent passage between the colon and the surface of the abdomen
stoma
opening
-oma
indicates an abnormal or diseased condition
trachoma
chronic contagious form of conjunctivitis
glaucoma
destructive disease of the eye caused by increased intraocular pressure
sarcoma
malignant tumor originating in connective tissue such as muscle
-oma
indicates either the location of the growth or its nature
cyst
"a closed sac or pouch, with a definite wall, that contains fluid, semifluid, or solid material. It is usually an abnormal structure resulting from developmental anomalies, obstruction of ducts, or parasistic infection."
-gaster
refer to embryonic structures