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100 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
metabolism
when cells receive digested food and change it into other compounds for use by the body
anabolism
process by which simple substances are converted into complex substances and the into protoplasm - that is, the conversion of non-living material into living cellular materia
catabolism
complex substances are converted into simpler substances; usually accompanied by a release of energy
deglutition
process by which the digested foos becomes a bolus
pyrosis
heartburn
peritoneum
membrane lining the abdomepelvic cavity
parietal peritoneum
outer surface of the peritoneum
visceral peritoneum
inner surface of the peritoneum covering the internal organs
peritonitis
inflammation of the peritoneum
mesentery
a double fold of peritoneal membrane
peristalis
force that propels food through the digestive tract from the esophagus to the anus
duodenum
first of the 3 divisions of the small intestine
jejunum
2nd of the 3 divisions of the small intestine
ileum
3rd of the 3 divisions of the small intestine
large intestine
consists of the cecum, colon, and rectum
liver
one of the most vital organs of the body; produces bile
choledocholithiasis
when a gallstone is carried into the common bild duct and obstructs the passageway
cholangitis
inflammation of the right or left hepatic ducts or the cystic duct
cholangiography
radiographic examination of any of these ducts; replaced by ultrasonography
choledochitis
inflammation of the common bile duct
cholelithiasis
gallstones
gastritis
inflammation or erosion of the gastric mucosa
bili-
combining form

bile
cardi-
combining form

carida (upper orfice of the stomach0
cec-
combining form

[blind] cecum
cly(s)-
combining form

rinse out, inject fluid 1
copr-
combining form

excretement, fecal matter
creat-
combinig form

flesh
-doch-
combining form

duct
duoden-
combining form

duodenum
esophag-
combining form

esophagus
fec-
combining form

[sediment] excretement, fecal matter
geus(t)-
combining form

taste
gingiv-
combining form

gum (of the mouth)
gloss-
combining form

tongue
ile-
combining form

ileum
jejun-
combinig form

[empty] jejeunem
lein-
combining form

spleen
lingu-
combining form

tongue
osm-
combining form

sense of smell; odor
esophag-
combining form

esophagus
fec-
combining form

[sediment] excretement, fecal matter
geus(t)-
combining form

taste
gingiv-
combining form

gum (of the mouth)
gloss-
combining form

tongue
ile-
combining form

ileum
jejun-
combinig form

[empty] jejeunem
lein-
combining form

spleen
lingu-
combining form

tongue
osm-
combining form

sense of smell; odor
osphr-
combining form

sense of smell
peps-, pept-
combining fomr

digest
proct-
combinig form

anus
rect-
combining form

[straight] rectum
pyle-
combinig form

[gate] portal vein
pylor-
combinig fomr

[gatekeeper] pylorus
scat-
combining form

excretement, fecal matter
sial-
combining form

saliva, salivary duct
sigm-
combining form

[sigma] sigmoid colon
sphincter-
combining fomr

sphincter muscle
splanchn-
combining form

internal organ, viscus
typhl-
combining form

[blind] cecum
zym-
combining form

[leaven] ferment, enzyme, fermentation
salmonella
form of gastroenteritis that comes from ingesting food that contains salmonella organisms
diverticula
small pounches or sacs formed by herniation of the wall of a canal or organ, occuring most refuqently in the colon
diverticulosis
when diverticula are found
diverticulitis
when the diverticula become filled with digested wastes and inflamed, often accompanied by abdominal pain and fever
colostomy
incision into the intestine to create an opening to the surface of the abdomen through which fecal matter can be eliminated
hiatal hernia
protrusion of an organ, usually the stomach, upward through the opening of the diaphragm through which the esophagus passes (esophageal hiatus)
enzymes
catalysts, agents that induce chemical changes in other substances without being altered themselves
ptyalin
secreted in the salivary glands; hydrolyzes starch
pepsin and rennin
in the gastric juice; act on protein
steapsin
present in pancreatic juice; hydrolyzes fat
ptyalin
secreted in the salivary glands; hydrolyzes starch
zymogen
sustance that develops into an enzyme or ferment
zymology
science of fermentation
pepsin and rennin
in the gastric juice; act on protein
asymic
absence of an enzyme or fermentation
steapsin
present in pancreatic juice; hydrolyzes fat
zymolysis
refers to the changes produced by an enzyme
zymogen
sustance that develops into an enzyme or ferment
pylemphraxis
an occlusion of the portal vein
pylethrombosis
portal vein thrombosis
zymology
science of fermentation
asymic
absence of an enzyme or fermentation
botulism
form of food poisoning caused by eating foods contaminated with clostridium botulinium, esp. prevalent in preserved meats, takes its name from botulus (stuffed intestine or sausage)
zymolysis
refers to the changes produced by an enzyme
pylemphraxis
an occlusion of the portal vein
ptyalin
secreted in the salivary glands; hydrolyzes starch
pylethrombosis
portal vein thrombosis
pepsin and rennin
in the gastric juice; act on protein
botulism
form of food poisoning caused by eating foods contaminated with clostridium botulinium, esp. prevalent in preserved meats, takes its name from botulus (stuffed intestine or sausage)
steapsin
present in pancreatic juice; hydrolyzes fat
zymogen
sustance that develops into an enzyme or ferment
zymology
science of fermentation
asymic
absence of an enzyme or fermentation
zymolysis
refers to the changes produced by an enzyme
pylemphraxis
an occlusion of the portal vein
pylethrombosis
portal vein thrombosis
botulism
form of food poisoning caused by eating foods contaminated with clostridium botulinium, esp. prevalent in preserved meats, takes its name from botulus (stuffed intestine or sausage)