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43 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What % ofthe world has psoriasis?
1-2%
What % of the world has glaucoma?
1-2%
the skin is ___% of the total body weight.
16
The ______ skin is the thinnest in the whole body.
eyelid
______ = outer layer of skin
_____ = middle layer of skin
_____- bottom layer
epidermis
dermis
subcutaneous fat
____ aka blistering is a separation b/t the skin layers.
epidermolysis bullosa
The epidermis of the cornea and sclera regenerate every ____.
2-3 days
Sensation and thermoregulation is localized to the _____.
dermis
What are the 4 layers of skin?
1- basale
2- spinosum
3- granular
3ish (palms and soles) lucidum
4- corneum
a _______ the , macrophage of the skin, is structurally similar to a melanocyte.
langerhans cell
_____ cells are touch receptors.
merkel
If it is red, _______ on it.
put a steroid
If drying is a problem, use a ______. (cream/ointment.
Cream
What is a major problem (involving the skin) associated with chronic steroid use?
skin thinning (i.e.eyelid)
Lash loss may indicate a ____.
tumor
What are the 2 steps in dermatological diagnosis.
1- describe the primary lesion
2- describe secondary changes
Give 3 characteristics of a macule.
1- color change
2- flat
3- <1.0 cm
Describe a patch.
A big macule >1 cm
Give 3 characteristics of a papule.
1- raised
2- firm
3< 1 cm (a mole)
Describ a plaque (give an example).
1- elevated with a flat top
2- larger than a papule
psoriasis
Describe a nodule. give an example.
1- 3D
2- DEEPER than a papule

BCC---very common
Give 3 characteristics of a wheal.
1- diffuse fluid in the dermis
2- transient
3- itching!!
Give 3 characteristics of a vesicle.
1- blister (serous)
2- <1cm
3- localized fluid
Describe a bullae.
1- large vesicle
2- > 1cm
Describe a pustule:
1- like a vesicle, but contains pus (purulent)
2- white or yellow
3- contains PMNs

pimple!
A scale has increased _______ (layer of epidermis). IT contains flattened. Example = ____.
stratum corneum, keratinzed cells. psoriasis
Crust is like a ____. It contains dried exudates and may be transient.
scab
An ______ is just loss of the epidermis. NO blood loss.
erosion
A ____ is a crack in the epidermis and dermins.
fissure
an ____ affects the dermis and epidermis and will show bleeding.
ulcer
There are many secondary lesions name do that deal with hypertrophy and remodeling.
1- scar (hypertrophy OR atrophy)
2- Keloid
____ is the loss of mass and structure.
atrophy
______ is the loss of epidermis and dermis due to irritation.
excoriation (scratching)
______ is thickened epidermis with an increase in skin markings due to chronic rubbing.
lichenification
Put in order from smallest to largest
a) purpera
b) ecchymosis
c) petechia
1-petechia <0.5cm
2- purpura
3- ecchymosis
_____ is permantently dilated capillaries.
teleangiectasia
What is dermoscopy?
looking a skin under a glass side with magnification (clinically identify distinct pigmentation and structural patterns)
What is the mag for dermoscopy?
10X
In dermoscopy, what do you apply to the lesion in order to see it translucently?
mineral oil
If you see Black melanin, where is it?
small concentration localized in the dermis
Brown melanin is localized in the _____.
dermoepidermal junction. larger concentration
Gray melanin is localized in the ______.
mid to upper dermis
Describe blue-white melanin.
not assoicated with blue lagoons (what is this?)--HIGHLY specifc for malignant melanoma