Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/60

Click to flip

60 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
abatement
reduction, terminatin
abrogation
annulment of a former law by act of legis body, by contitutional authority, or by usage
acceptance
in contract law, consent to abide by the terms of an offer; takig or receiving a thing in good faith with the intention of retaining it
accession
that which intreases the size or value of property
accommodation
arrangement made as a favor to another ratker than for consideration received
acknowledgement
an admission, affirmation, or declaration
acquittal
release or discharge of an obligation or liability; in criminal law, a finding of not guilty
ademption
satisfaction of a legacy by gift prior to testator's death
adhesion cntract
standardized contract form in which a party with little or no bargaining power is forced to accept its terms
adjudication
judgment or decision of a court
administrative law
body or rules and regulations having the force of law and promulgated by an administrative body created by Congress or a state legislature
adverse possession
acquiring title to real estate by hostile possession rather than by purchase
affiant
one who makes or swears to the truth of an affidavit
affidavit
sworn statement in writing taken before a notray public or other authorized officer
affirmative defense
allegation of a responsive pleading which, if it can be proved, negates the allegations of the complaint
agent
person authorized by another to act for him, one entrusted with another's business
agreement
meeting of the minds, preliminary to contract formation
allegation
assertion made but not proved
amortization
gradual extinctiin of a monetary obligation by periodic payments that usually includes interest
amnesty
sovereign forgetfulness of past acts, ussually available for a limited time
ancillary
auxiliary, supplemental, subordiante
annotation
remark, note, or commmentary inteded to illlustrate or explain
annul
cance, make void, destroy
answer
written pleading by which a defendant responds to the plaintiff's complaint
antitrust laws
federal and state laws to prevent retraint of trade, price-fixing, price discrimination, monopolies, or ohter conduct detrimental to free commerce
appeal
review by a higher court
appellant
party who files an appeal
appellee
party who defends an appeal
appraisal
valuation or estimate of property value, made by qualified expert
arbitration
investigation and determination of dispute by neutral decision-maker; decision binding on parties
arraignment
in criminal law, hearing at which accused pleads guilty or not guilty
assult
in tort, threat of imminent bodyly harm accompanied by apparent ability to carry out the threat; in criminal law, often defined as the tort equivalent of battery
asset
real or personal property owned by an individual, estate, business corporation, or other entity
assignment
transfer of any right, title, or interest to another
attestation
act of witnessing the signing (execution) of a document
assumption of risk
doctrine under which a person cannot recover for injuries received from a dangerous activity to which she voluntarily exposed herself
attachment
pre-judgment seizure of property based upon court order
attest
certify or affirm to be true or genuine
attorney-in -fact
one appointed by another tot act in specific matters described in a power of attorney or in a letter of attorney
aver
assert, allege, claim
bailment
delivery of personal property to another to be held for a particular persona dn then returned
beneficiary
one who benefits from the act of another
bequest
gift of personal property by will
breach
failure (without legal justification) to perform when performance is due
brief
written argument of counsel concerning one or more legal issues in a case, sometimes called a memorandum of law
capacity
having legal authority or mental ability; being of sound mind
cause of action
fact(s) giving rise to a legal remedy
chattel
personal property
choate
perfected; complete
chose in action
a personal right not yet reduced to judgment
civil code
collection of laws or statutes relating to private rights or remedies
civil law
laws which relate to private rights and remedies, distinguished from criminal
code
collection of laws or statutes
common law
law based upon custom, usage, and judicial decision, distinguished from statutory law
community property
property owned in common by husbnd and wife, each owning an undivided one-half interest as a result of marital status
commutation
substitution of a lesser punishment for a greater one
condemnation
the process of taking private property for public use under government's right of eminent domain
consideration
the lawful price, motive, cause, impelling influence, or inducement for a contract
contract
agreement between competent parties, supported by consideration, to do or to refrain from doing some lawful act
conversion
wrongful taking of personal proerty with intent to deprive its owner of it permanently