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21 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Developmental intelligence
degree to which an individual has manifested their intellectual, neurological, and psychological capacities
- defined as the maturing of cognition, emotional intelligence, judgment, social skills, etc
Relativistic thinking
knowledge depends on the subjective views, context/situations
Dialectic thinking
ability to uncover and resolve contradictions in opposing or seemingly incompatible views
Systematic thinking
Ability to look in a broader view of entire system of knowledge, ideas, and context that are involved
Wisdom
Balte's definition: Expert knowledge system derived from experience and capable of dealing with pragmatic problems.

how developmental intelligence reveals itself
- reflective judgment in the face of uncertainty
Fluid intelligence
intelligence applied to new tasks or the ability to come up with new creative solutions
Crystalized intelligence
reflects accumulated experience and socialization
Weschler Adult Intelligence Scale
the most influential global intelligence scale, includes a verbal and a performance scale
Verbal: knowledge, comprehension, arithmetic, vocab
Performance: puzzles
As we grow older, people remain stable in the verbal portion but decline in the performance portion.
Cognitive reserve capacity
degree of unused potential for learning that exists within any time.

Although fluid intelligence tends to decrease, crystalized intelligence tends to increase.
Decrement with compensation
decline in cognitive ability can be compensated by increase in expertise
Optimist view
Some experts say intelligence may not decline in late life.
Classic aging pattern may occur because of illness, personality dispositions (how people adapt to life changes), and behavior. .
Classic Aging Pattern
As people grow older, verbal scores on the WAIS remain stable while performance scores decrease.
Fluid intelligence decreases as we age while crystalized intelligence increases.
"Wisdom Paradox"
Goldberg says that wisdom is a a different phenomenon than creativy. It urges us to pay attention to the gains and not just the losses.
Lehman
Creativity does decline with age.
Dennis attacks his claim.
Creative potential
max number of attempted contributions an indivudal is capable of making
Secondary peak
a substantial resistance in the later years of life, some people manage to leave monumental creations in the lateyears of their life.
Personal vs. Public creativity
Personal creativity can affect your own life.
Public creativity is recognized by others.
Goals of looking at the arts and humanities
Methodological - to illustrate how the humanities can be used to explore and illuminate aspects of aging
Content - to present information about ideas
Carl Jung
myths tap deep into the human psyche and for the human species
The Myth of the Older Mentor: older mentor helps the hero accomplish his challenge and become a man
Mentor roles
Key roles: teacher, model, sources of advice and wisdom, a "goad" to remind of what hero should be doing, "seer" into the future / heart of things, initiation, understanding, firmness, decisiveness, strength
Huston Smith
Retirement - a move away from familiar places and people, a withdrawl from social obligation and a move to "spiritual adventure"

Renunciation - a reentering back into the world but as a different person, getting in touch with who you are while not being brought down by the practical things in life