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22 Cards in this Set

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Definition of learning?
A relatively permanent change in knowledge or behavior that comes as a result of experience
What is classical conditioning?
Making an association between 2 stimuli
Process of Classical Conditioning?
Start with a reflex and a stimulus, add in a neutral stimulus, multiple pairings, overtime the behavior occurs in response to neutral stimulus
Unconditioned stimulus
Pavlov's example: food
Causes the original reflex
Unconditioned response
Salivation
Original response
Conditioned stimulus
Bell/sound...or lasagna
Conditioned response
Salivation
Same as UCR
Classical conditioned is associated with _____ and _____
Conditioned fears
Food aversions
Acquisition Principle of classical conditioning
Acquisition: order of stimuli (stimulus then UCS); multiple pairings
Generalization
Learned response happens to other similar stimuli; fear generalized from white rat to all things furry
Discrimination
Learned response does not happen to other stimuli
Extinction
Cessation of conditioned response all together
Separation of UCS and CS (must break connection)
Definition of Operant conditioning
Association between behavior and consequences
Law of Effect
When behavior leads to a positive result, there will be repetition
Positive Reinforcement
Increases the chances that something will be repeated by giving a reward
Punishment and it's enforcement
Decreases the chances that something will be repeated
Must be immediate, meaningful, consisten, and inescapable
Shaping
Using reinforcement to guide the subject
Fixed Ratio
Every time, every second time...
Variable ration
Don't know when
Fixed interval
if you go 2 days without hitting your brother...
Variable interval
study break sto IM, eat, etc...
Partial reinforcement effect
we are more responsive to variable because when you expect something everytime, you are likely to stop when you don't get it