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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Ex Post Facto Laws
Are laws written after the fact to punish an action that has already taken place.
Statutory Laws
Laws enacted by a legislative body and recorded in vaious state, county or municipal codes.
Case Law
Based on previous appellate court decisions.
Judicial Review
Protects the rights of the individual from unconstitutional legislation.
Letter of Law
Law is striclty applied in accordance with the literal meaning.
Spirit of the law
Law applied in accordnace with the intent of legislature, the promotion of fairness.
Criminal Law
Violations of criminal statutes.
Civil Law
Deals with noncriminal violations of the law or private wrongs.
Civil Wrong
To right a wrong.
PC 15
Crime or public offense as "an act committed or omitted in violation of a lawforbidding or commanding it."
Elements of crime:
basic facts that must be proven by the prosecution to sustain a conviction.
PC 20
In every crime or public offense there must exist a union, or joint operation of act and intent or criminal negligence.
General Intent Crimes
Intent that is presumed and doesnt have to be proven.
Specific Intent crimes
Intent that must be proven.
Transferred Intent
When an unlawful act affects a person other than, or in addition to, the person itwas intened to affect.
Criminal Negligence
A negligent act that is aggravated or reckless and constitutes indifference to the consequences.
crime punishable by a fine or imprisonment in state prison, death, or removal from office.
Crime punishable by a fine or imprisonment in a county jail.
Crime that can be either a felony or misdemeanor.
Has knowledge that a felony was committed, harbors, aids, abets, advises or encourages another person in commission of any crime.
Is when the testimony connects the defendant with the commission of the offense.