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21 Cards in this Set

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Community Policing
defined
an organizational and a personal philosophy that promotes police-community partnership and proactive problem solving.
Essential components of community policing
1-problem solving
2-addressing quality of life issues
3-partnerships with the community
4-partnerships with other agencies
5-internal and external resources
Goals of community oriented policing
1-reducing/preventing crime
2-reducing the fear of crime
3-improving the quality of life
4-increasing community:
-awareness
-involvement
-ownership
5-increasing local government involvement in problem solving
Community Policing:
IS vs IS NOT
IS:
-organizational philosophy that permeates all of agencies op's
-everyone in agency embracing philosophy
-working partnership with community
-community participates in defining priorities for LE agencies
-focusing directly on the substance of policing
IS NOT:
-a specific program handled only by a separate unit
-individual assignments or programs such as Neighborhood Watch, youth services, or bike team officer
-the sole responsibility of law enforcement
-"soft on crime"
-a permanent increase in officer's work load
Traditional policing
defined over the last 50 years; policing is incident driven, reaction based, and enforcement focused with limited community interaction. Efforts directed toward maintaining order and apprehension of offenders after crimes have been committed.
Professional Policing:
incorporated the traditional policing components and emphasized officer education and training, policies and procedures and the development of professional standards and behavior. Recognized as 'command and control'
Community policing:
combines elements of traditional and professional policing with an emphasis on community partnerships, prevention and collaborative problem solving to reduce crime, the fear of crime, and improve the quality of life.
Peace officer responsibilities in the community:
1-maintaining order
2-enforcing the law
3-preventing crime
4-delivering service
5-educating and learning from the community
6-working with the community to solve problems
Proactive policing
police initiated response. In other words, nobody called... but we went anyway. We identified a problem, a solution and initiated the response.
Reactive policing
the community calls, we respond (after the fact)
Peace officers responsibilities to enforce the law
1-adhering to all levels of the law
2-fair and impartial enforcement
3-knowing the patrol beat or area of responsibility.
Elements of of area/beat knowledge
1-Critical sights (schools, hospitals, airports, bridges)

2-Locations requiring special attention (high crime areas, isolated/low traffic areas)

3-Potentially dangerous areas (local hazards, hillsides prone to mudslides, flood areas)
Emerging issues that can impact the delivery of services by peace officers
-changing community demographics
-economic shifts
-advanced technologies
-jail overcrowding
-cultural diversity
-continuos law changes
-homeland security
FORMAL opportunities to educate and learn from community
-speaking at community meetings
-visiting local schools
-teaching courses on the law and its implications at both the high school and college levels
-using he news media to disseminate timely info to both wide and specific audiences
-participating in collaborative meetings with two-way communications
INFORMAL opportunities to educate and learn from community
-initiating contacts and talking with individuals while on patrol
-being accessible and approachable whenever they are in the community
-talking to people who work and reside in the area
-using off-duty interactions as opportunities to educate
Community partnerships:
defined
relationships comprised of two or more individuals, groups or organizations working together to address an issue.
(ex. news media, schools, businesses)
Key elements for developing trust between community partners
-truth
-respect
-understanding
-support
-teamwork
Ethics and the badge of office
LE is based on a standard of ethical conduct and is symbolized by a badge of office. This badge is a symbol of public trust. The character of the person behind the badge is more important than the authority the badge represents. Forming effective community partnerships is difficult, if not impossible, w/o trust and integrity.
Ethical leadership skills in community policing
-conduct themselves ethically
-embrace change
-think creatively
-demonstrate decisiveness
-promote trust
-delegate responsibility
-decentralize decision-making
-take action
-communicate well
Communication
defined
Essential elements
the sending and receiving of messages, both verbal and nonverbal, between 2 or more people
ELEMENTS:
-sender
-receiver
-message
-circumstances under which the communication occurs
SARA model
1-Scanning-identifying the problems

2-Analysis-collecting and examining information

3-Response-developing and implementing solutions based on analysis

4-Assessment-evaluating the effectiveness of the strategy selected