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22 Cards in this Set

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Explain the repercussions for violating the Law of War
Local authorities have been notified, and media is on the scene. People who witnessed this act are outraged; credibility of the Marine Corps in the area is tarnished. This fosters a mood of contempt among the locals. Attacks increase. Casualties amongst US forces rise. Marines may become bitter to the local population. The security forces with whom we have been training and conducting combined operations for the last year lose credibility.
Conduct law of armed conflict training
officers need to be able to break all of this down to the level of the lance corporal who will be at the personal end of the fight on a day-to-day basis. Every Marine needs to be involved in discussions regarding potential situations that may be found on the battlefield.
We must review all aspects of the fight, from weaponeering to the understanding of proportionate force. Training needs to be discussion and scenario based, thus forcing Marines to articulate their perceptions of and responses to the situations. “Wrong” answers should not be reprimanded but need to be explored further. This will take time, but we cannot allow wallflowers to escape participation. We must further empower subordinate unit leaders to continue the training at their levels. The purpose of such training is to reinforce self-discipline.
Identify protected elements under the law of war
Combatants Noncombatants
definition of a protected combatant: 3
1 Wear a distinguishable or distinct uniform. 2 Openly carry arms. 3 Act under a distinguishable leader while they themselves operate under the law of war.
The law of war is defined
that part of war that regulates the conduct of armed hostilities.”
The purpose of the law of war is to: 3
1 prevent unnecessary suffering, 2 safeguard certain fundamental human rights of those involved in a conflict, 3 and to ultimately restore peace.
9 Rules of law of war
1. Marines and sailors fight only enemy combatants.
2. Marines and sailors do not harm enemies who surrender (Disarm enemy and turn them in superior).
3. “ do not kill or torture prisoners.
4. “ collect & care for the wounded,friend or foe.
5. “ do not attack medical personnel, facilities or equipment.
6. “ destroy no more than the mission requires.
7. “ treat all civilians humanely.
8. “ do not steal, we respect private property & possessions.
9. “ do their best to prevent & report violations of the Law of War.
Article I
“I am an American fighting in the forces that protect my
country and our way of life. I am prepared to give my life in their defense.”
Article II
“I will never surrender of my own free will. If in command, I
will never surrender the members of my command while they still have the means to resist.”
Article III
“If I am captured, I will continue to resist by all means available. I will make every attempt to escape and aid all others to escape. I will accept neither parole nor special favors from the enemy.”
Article VI
“If I become a prisoner of war, I will keep faith with my fellow prisoners. I will give no information or take part in any action which might be harmful to my comrades. If I am senior, I will take command. If not, I will obey the lawful
orders of those appointed over me and back them up in every way.”
Article V
When questioned, should I become a POW, I am required to give my name, rank, social security number, and date of birth. I will evade answering further questions to the utmost of my ability. I will make no oral or written statements disloyal to my country and its allies or harmful to their cause.”
Article VI
“I will never forget that I am an American, responsible for my actions, and dedicated to the principles that made my country free. I will trust in my God and the United States of America.”
1. Marines and sailors fight only
enemy combatants.
2. Marines and sailors do not
harm
enemies who surrender (Disarm enemy and turn them in superior).
3. Marines and sailors do not __ prisoners.
kill or torture
4. Marines and sailors collect & care for the
wounded,friend or foe
5. Marines and sailors do not attack
medical personnel, facilities or equipment.
6. Marines and sailors destroy no more
than the mission requires
7. Marines and sailors treat
all civilians humanely
8. Marines and sailors do not __ , we respect private property & possessions.
steal
9. Marines and sailors do their best to prevent & report
violations of the Law of War