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90 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which of the following is not an agency that can enact rules that become administrative law?
a. Occupational Safety and Health Administration
b. American Bar Association
c. Department of Health and Human Services
d. Environmental Protection Agency
b. American Bar Association
An example of in personam jurisdiction is:
a. A dispute between neighbors over a fence line
b. Theft of a computer from a private home
c. Vandalism to a car parked in a school in a school lot
d. All of the above
d. All of the above
When a court has jurisdiction over property or a thing itself, rather than over the people involved, the
type of jurisdiction is called:
a. In rem jurisdiction
b. In personam jurisdiction
c. Ad litem jurisdiction
d. Appellate jurisdiction
a. In rem jurisdiction
The individual who brings a case to court is the:
a. Defendant
b. Prosecuting attorney
c. Plaintiff
d. Defending attorney
c. Plaintiff
. If a defendant is asked, “what did you see just before you stopped your car to help the victims of the
car wreck?’ what situation likely is involved?
a. Sovereign immunity
b. Malpractice
c. Good Samaritan
d. Negligence
c. Good Samaritan
. If a man enters surgery to have his left leg amputated and leaves surgery with his right leg
amputated, which Latin term of law applies?
a. Respondeat superior
b. Res ipsa loquitur
c. Stare decisis
d. Quid pro quo
b. Res ipsa loquitur
. If a judge decides a case on the basis of findings of a previous court in similar case, which Latin term
applies?
a. Respondeat superior
b. Resipsa Loquitur
c. Stare decisis
d. Quid pro quo
c. Stare decisis
The Supreme Court hears cases from court with what jurisdiction?
a. Higher jurisdiction than the Supreme Court
b. Lower jurisdiction than the Supreme Court
c. Equal jurisdiction than the Supreme Court
d. No jurisdiction
b. Lower jurisdiction than the Supreme Court
. Placing a person in immediate fear or apprehension of a harmful touching without his or her consent
is:
a. Assault
b. Battery
c. Consent
d. Negligence
a. Assault
. During which of the following surgeries would it be reasonable for a physician to remove the organ
mentioned without specific consent?
a. The physician removes an ovary that contains several cysts instead of removing the cysts alone.
b. The physician finds an unexpected blood clot and removes it during heart surgery.
c. The physician removes a uterus that is full of fibroid tumors.
d. The physician notices a sebaceous cyst when removing suspicious moles from the surface of the skin and removes the cyst at the same time.
b. The physician finds an unexpected blood clot and removes it during heart surgery.
Which of the following patients could probably receive a blood transfusion without consent if the
physician obtains a court order?
a. A 65-year-old nursing home patient
b. A 20-year-old victim of an industrial accident
c. A 17-year old female whose parents refuse a transfusion
d. A 42-year –old mentally incompetent patient who has a legal guardian present
c. A 17-year old female whose parents refuse a transfusion
. In which of the following situations would a medical facility probably avoid false imprisonment
charges?
a. A competent, elderly cancer patient needs surgery and refuses to stay in the hospital.
b. A minor female is held against her parent’s will without a court order.
c. A severely intoxicated adult male is held in the hospital emergency room and the physician refuses to release him.
d. A 20-year-old rape victim refuses to press charges to stay at the hospital for treatment.
c. A severely intoxicated adult male is held in the hospital emergency room and the physician refuses to release him.
A written statement of defamation is known as:
a. Slander
b. Assault
c. Libel
d. Negligence
c. Libel
Which type of consent is necessary to help health-care workers avoid accusations of battery?
a. Informed consent
b. General consent
c. Assumed consent
d. Implied consent
b. General consent
Which of the following issues would not appear in an institution’s policy on use of restraints?
a. Under what circumstances restraints may be used
b. What type of monitoring the patient will require
c. What documentation is adequate to justify use of restraints
d. What type of restraints can be used during a staffing shortage
c. What documentation is adequate to justify use of restraints
The prime objective of obtaining liability coverage is to:
a. Avoid patient malpractice lawsuits
b. Protect assets in the event of a settlement in the claimant’s favor
c. Avoid paying malpractice claims
d. provide protection against high legal costs.
b. Protect assets in the event of a settlement in the claimant’s favor
. Which of the following individuals is probably an independent contractor?
a. A private nurse who sits with a patient just moved from intensive care
b. A registered nurse who works a weekend double shift only
c. A laboratory employee who works inside a hospital but is employed by an independent lab
d. A physician who visits his or her patients during rounds in a hospital
a. A private nurse who sits with a patient just moved from intensive care
Most physicians’ offices carry a liability policy. Which of these individuals would not be covered under
the policy?
a. Physician
b. Medical assistant
c. Patient
d. Receptionist
c. Patient
A claim on a liability policy might result from:
a. Sexual assault by a physician in the course of a patient’s visit
b. Dispensing the wrong medication to a patient
c. Errors made during surgery
d. All of the above
d. All of the above
. The declarations page of a policy would not include which of the following items?
a. Details of coverage
b. Names of the persons or institutions covered
c. Period of time for which the policy is in effect
d. Amount of aggregate coverage
a. Details of coverage
. Several people sue a physician for medical professional liability over the course of one year, such that
the limits of the policy are exceeded. What type of coverage may cover amounts over the limit of the
regular policy?
a. Tail coverage
b. Occurrence
c. Claims made
d. Umbrella
d. Umbrella
If the insurer determines that individuals not named in the claim played a role in the incident that led
to the filing, the insurer may exercise the right of:
a. Indemnification
b. Cancellation
c. Contribution
d. Nonrenewal
c. Contribution
. The declarations page usually spells out which of the following aspects of liability?
a. Limits
b. Occurrence
c. Incident
d. Medical incident
a. Limits
Liability insurers are interested in whether individuals or facilities have ever had which of the
following filed against them?
a. Lawsuit
b. Malpractice
c. Negligence
d. Claim
a. Lawsuit
Which of the following scenarios is not in line with the foundation of informed consent doctrine?
a. A 63-year-old woman signs consent for her abdominal surgery.
b. A 34-year-old woman signs consent for a tonsillectomy to be performed on her 6-year-old son.
c. An unconscious emergency-room patient is taken to surgery without signed consent.
d. A husband insists on signing a consent form for his seemingly competent wife.
d. A husband insists on signing a consent form for his seemingly competent wife.
Dr. Sims is explaining the consent form to Ms. Barber, who will undergo surgery next week. Which of
the following statements does not fulfill an informed consent disclosure requirement?
a. “We are performing this surgery to remove the cysts from your ovaries.”
b. “The cysts may be substantial enough that the entire ovary may need to be removed.”
c. “You will be in the hospital for a few hours after recovery and then you can go home if you are feeling well.”
d. “If you do not have the surgery, you will most likely continue to have severe pain.”
c. “You will be in the hospital for a few hours after recovery and then you can go home if you are feeling well.”
. Consent is being sought for a patient to undergo chemotherapy. Which of the following would not be
considered a surrogate decision make in the event that the patient is unable to consent?
a. The parent of a 2-year-old child receiving chemotherapy
b. The neighbor of an elderly adult receiving chemotherapy, if the adult patient has no family in the geographic area
c. The adult son of a patient
d. A court-appointed guardian of the patient
b. The neighbor of an elderly adult receiving chemotherapy, if the adult patient has no family in the geographic area
What law prohibits the performance of any sort of experimental treatment for purposes of research
without the express written consent of the patient or the patient’s surrogate decision maker?
a. Federal
b. State
c. Local
d. Civil
a. Federal
Which of the following can include a living will and a medical durable power of attorney that
designates a health-care proxy, health-care surrogate, or health-care representative?
a. Informed consent
b. Waiver
c. Advance directive
d. General consent
c. Advance directive
All dying patients are guaranteed the right to:
a. Comfort measures
b. Pain medication
c. Care that would normally be given to any patient
d. All of the above
d. All of the above
A patient comes to a medical office and demands that she be given her medical record. Which of these
statements is false in this situation?
a. The patient is allowed to take her personal medical record.
b. The patient is not allowed to take her medical record because the physical record belongs to the physician or health-care facility.
c. The patient is the owner of the information in the record
d. The patient is not the owner of the physical record.
a. The patient is allowed to take her personal medical record.
Sue is a nurse providing care for patient. In which of the following situations is she not using the
medical record according to the purposes of documentation?
a. Sue uses the information in the record to write a care plan.
b. Sue checks the record to determine whether the patient refused her last medication.
c. Sue looks at the record to confirm the spelling of a drug, which patient is also taking, so that she can document it in the second patient’s chart.
d. Sue documents an instance during which the patient refuses to take her medication
c. Sue looks at the record to confirm the spelling of a drug, which patient is also taking, so that she can document it in the second patient’s chart.
All of the following are components of the medical record except:
a. Progress notes
b. Plan of care
c. Flow sheets
d. All of the above
d. All of the above
Which legal problem involving medical records does a nurse face if she dispensed medication on the
basis of incorrect lab results?
a. Accidental disclosure of private data
b. Modification of patient records
c. Clinical decision based on inaccurate information
d. Intentional disclosure of private data
c. Clinical decision based on inaccurate information
Which health-care professional is bound to protect the confidentiality of the medical record?
a. The nurse providing patient care
b. The physician and his or her staff
c. The ancillary personnel in the hospital
d. All Health-care personnel
d. All Health-care personnel
Which of the following is false about charting?
a. The original entry should be legible
b. Entries should be signed.
c. The word error should be written above the wrong entry.
d. All entries should be made in pen.
c. The word error should be written above the wrong entry.
Which of the following is an abbreviated listing of the care elements specific to the patient?
a. Flow sheet
b. Progress note
c. Admission orders
d. Kardex
d. Kardex
When facilities which to document care given to patients in restraints, neurological assessments, and
vital signs, health-care professionals may use which of the following?
a. Flow sheet
b. Progress note
c. Admission orders
d. Kardex
a. Flow sheet
A student who is not making satisfactory progress in a health-care program may be held back from
receiving a degree or not allowed to graduate at all. If the student decides to take the matter to court,
it would have been most advantageous to have attended which type of school?
a. A nonprofit private institution
b. A public academic institution
c. A for-profit private institution
d. A nonaccredited private institution
b. A public academic institution
Of the following students, whose actions have provided an adequate reason to be removed from
school?
a. The student suspected of cheating on an exam.
b. The student who becomes pregnant.
c. The student who causes multiple fights in the classroom.
d. The student failing three subjects.
c. The student who causes multiple fights in the classroom.
Which of the following statements is true?
a. Academic-related dismissals do not have to go before the school’s decision-making body.
b. Educators do not need a paper trail for dismissals if the dismissal was not just.
c. Student records that show arbitrary information do not affect the student’s dismissal.
d. None of the above.
a. Academic-related dismissals do not have to go before the school’s decision-making body.
Which of the following institutions is usually funded by private donations and not state revenues?
a. Public institutions
b. Private institutions
c. Colleges
d. Technical training schools
b. Private institutions
Being able to distinguish between a private institution and a public institution is necessary because it
can determine:
a. Accountability
b. Due process
c. Liability
d. Academic progress
c. Liability
The U.S. Constitution limits the power of both the state and the federal government concerning
faculty and students in what type of institution?
a. Private
b. Public
c. Nonprofit
d. Technological training
b. Public
Lack of a hearing violates students’:
a. Rights
b. Due process
c. Fourteenth Amendment rights
d. All of the above
d. All of the above
Educators must be responsible for which of the following with respect to themselves and their
students?
a. Competence
b. Education
c. Knowledge level
d. Work, learning
a. Competence
Before a student enrolls in a program, it is important that he or she knows an academic institution’s
policy on which of the following?
a. Admission and readmission
b. Dismissal
c. Suspension and expulsion
d. All of the above
d. All of the above
. Educators should provide evaluation throughout the clinical rotation. If the student is not meeting
the clinical objectives, the student must be:
a. Warned
b. Given recommendations on how to improve
c. Told of time constraints to improve
d. All of the above.
d. All of the above
Which of the following issues would not be considered a moral dilemma?
a. Death penalty
b. Females not receiving an education
c. Abortion
d. Surrogate motherhood
b. Females not receiving an education
. Susan has been asked by a patient to not discuss some private information about her symptoms with
her physician. In making a decision, what should be Susan’s primary concern?
a. Whether she will be fired for not relaying the information
b. Whether the patient will be helped by not revealing the information
c. Whether the physician will be angry at her for not revealing the information
d. Whether there is a legal liability in not revealing the information
b. Whether the patient will be helped by not revealing the information
Many health-care professionals face a bioethical issue:
a. Daily
b. Weekly
c. Monthly
d. Annually
a. Daily
The reason that most people enter the health-care field is grounded in the principle of:
a. Nonmaleficence
b. Integrity
c. Beneficence
d. Justice
c. Beneficence
Actions that show respect for human dignity, such as being honest and putting the patient first,
reflect which of the following principles?
a. Integrity
b. Justice
c. Beneficence
d. Nonmaleficence
a. Integrity
What is the first step in solving an ethical dilemma?
a. Choosing an appropriate action
b. Obtaining information
c. Communicating the problem
d. Identifying the problem or dilemma
d. Identifying the problem or dilemma
Performing an expensive surgery on a patient who is in the end stages of AIDS involves the bioethical
issue of:
a. Assisted suicide
b. Living wills
c. Futile medical care
d. Economics in medical care
c. Futile medical care
When health-care professionals attempt to improve the situations surrounding the patient, they are
practicing which of the following principles?
a. Autonomy
b. Beneficence
c. Bioethics
d. Nonmaleficence
b. Beneficence
Once a bioethical problem has been identified, information has been gathered, and the
communication has taken place, health-care professional must make which of the following with
respect to the appropriate action to take to solve the issue?
a. Judgment
b. Bias
c. Choice
d. Standard
c. Choice
. How does the state regulatory body usually know if a technician is not competently performing his or
her duties?
a. Complaints from patients
b. Complaints from coworkers
c. Complaints from former employers
d. All of the above
d. All of the above
Which of the following is not among the four common areas of liability for radiology technicians?
a. Incompetence or gross negligence while performing functions
b. Prior criminal convictions
c. Violation of state statues
d. Practicing without a license
d. Practicing without a license
Which of the following is not among the four common areas of liability for ultrasound technicians?
a. Standard of care
b. Prior criminal convictions
c. Incompetence or gross negligence
d. Violation of state statutes
a. Standard of care
Which of these students might be guilty of ordinary negligence?
a. The student explains a procedure to a patient using a patient information sheet as a prompt.
b. The student draws blood from the patient for lab tests to be performed that day.
c. The student eats an orange wihile talking with a patient in the reception area.
d. The student moves a patient a wheelchair at a high speed and does not use wheel brakes
during stops.
d. The student moves a patient a wheelchair at a high speed and does not use wheel brakes
during stops.
All of the following are general task for dental hygienists at recall appointments except:
a. Sue, the dental assistant, asks Mrs. Smith her current address and phone number
b. Sue knows the dentist will need an X-ray of the teeth and asks the radiology technician to take
the film.
c. A cavity needs to be filled and the dentist performs this procedure.
d. Sue gives Mrs. Smith a fluoride treatment
c. A cavity needs to be filled and the dentist performs this procedure.
Which of these individuals may be acting outside the scope of practice for dental assistant?
a. The assistant applies a fluoride treatment.
b. The assistant polishes the patient’s teeth.
c. The assistant makes a return appointment for the patient.
d. The assistant takes the patient’s blood pressure.
d. The assistant takes the patient’s blood pressure
Cavitation means:
a. Forcible removal of the head
b. Formation of air bubbles in a fluid medium
c. A type of reimbursement plan for physicians
d. None of the above
b. Formation of air bubbles in a fluid medium
Which of the following professional’s studies in a 1- to 4- year program and receives credentials that
could include RDCS, RDMS, or RVT?
a. Ultrasound technician
b. Dental assistant
c. Dental hygienist
d. Radiology technician
a. Ultrasound technician
Mrs. Jonassen has been admitted to get her diabetes under control and has several diagnostic tests
performed that are related to irritable bowel syndrome. Which of the following health-care
professionals do not “need to know” the information they access below about Mrs. Jonassen?
a. The radiology technician who accesses former films of her digestive system for comparison.
b. The nurse who charts information in her medical record
c. The nursing assistant on the next floor who knows Mrs. Janssen’s husband and checks her record for the diagnosis
d. The consulting physician brought in to evaluate Mrs. Jonassen
c. The nursing assistant on the next floor who knows Mrs. Janssen’s husband and checks her record for the diagnosis
. Information regarding certain health-care problems must be especially guarded, including information:
a. About a surgery for colonitis
b. In a prenatal record
c. About the genetic makeup of a newborn child
d. About a plastic surgery
c. About the genetic makeup of a newborn child
. Computerized patient records should include how may forms of identification?
a. At lease three
b. At least two
c. At least four
d. At least one
b. At least two
Most computer systems employ a means of determining who accesses a patient record thatcommonly uses:
a. Paper records
b. Retinal Scans
c. Audit trails
d. Initials
c. Audit trails
Computer information can be protected with which of the following methods?
a. Using a screen blank that activates if the keys are not touched in a certain amount of time.
b. Positioning monitors so that they cannot be openly seen
c. Signing off each time the computer is left
d. All of the above
d. All of the above
When can a medical record be released without a signed consent from the patient?
a. When the patient is unconscious
b. When the patient is in surgery
c. When the patient is belligerent
d. None of the above
d. None of the above
Laws exist to protect patient privacy and avoid which of the following unauthorized activities:
a. Disclosure
b. Release of information
c. Treatment
d. Payment of medical bills
a. Disclosure
A jury deliberates a case in which the patient died as a result of an error in dispensing medication. There is no witness, but the circumstances seem more incriminating where the nurse is concerned. What principle of law may result in a conviction for the nurse?
a. Reasonable doubt
b. Preponderance of the evidence
c. Professional negligence
d. Standard of care
b. Preponderance of the evidence
. If a hospital performs clinical testing and does not comply with CLIA, what policies might be violating?
a. Conditions of Participation for Hospitals for laboratory Services
b. Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act
c. Occupational Safety and Health Act
d. All of the above
d. All of the above
Which of the following are among the common sources of professional liability for clinical
laboratories?
a. Errors in the diagnostic testing for cancer
b. False-positive drug screens reported to employers
c. Failure to identify genetic disorders in newborns and pregnancy screenings
d. All of the above
d. All of the above
Which of the following would be considered an expert witness?
a. A physician who has practiced for 20 years in his specialty
b. A professor of chemistry at a major university
c. A Ph.D. writer of a best-seller on nutrition
d. All of the above
d. All of the above
. Which of the following when misread is one of the more common mistakes in determining cases of cancer in women?
a. Blood test
b. Pap smears
c. Biopsy
d. Mammograms
b. Pap smears
Which of the following standards in a medical laboratory can a laboratory’s policies and procedures
manuals establish?
a. Internal
b. External
c. Governmental
d. State
a. Internal
. In which situation does the issue of liability probably lie with the equipment?
a. A heat-lamp timer malfunctions and does not go off after the 10 minutes for which it is set.
b. A nurse breaks a needle in the patient’s arm while trying to start an IV, after applying extra
pressure.
c. A patient’s wheelchair on an incline starts rolling and crashes into a wall.
d. A nurse does not arrive at the bed of the patient after he has pressed the nurse call button
repeatedly.
a. A heat-lamp timer malfunctions and does not go off after the 10 minutes for which it is set.
. If a patient purchases a piece of medical equipment and the salesperson fails to instruct the patient in
the use of the item, resulting in injury to the patient, which type of liability is at issue?
a. Liability
b. Strict liability
c. Product liability
d. None of the above
a. Liability
Health-care settings include which of the following places?
a. Nursing homes
b. Hospitals
c. Rehabilitation centers
d. All of the above
d. All of the above
Which of the following health-care providers might be held liable for faulty equipment?
a. A nurse who breaks a delicate piece of equipment that is used later on a patient by a different
nurse
b. A nursing assistant who breaks a thermometer while taking vital signs
c. A medical assistant who does not report a broken exam table
d. A physician who removes a broken chair from the reception area
c. A medical assistant who does not report a broken exam table
Which of the following actions that pertain to services provided to patients is sometime complex and
sometimes very simple?
a. Reporting
b. Verifying
c. Documenting
d. Denying
c. Documenting
Allied health professionals can avoid negligence by conducting themselves in which of the following
ways when providing patient services?
a. Competently
b. Reasonably
c. Negligently
d. Under a standard of care
b. Reasonably
When people bargain for what they want, which resolution method are they using?
a. Mediation
b. Negotiation
c. Arbitration
d. All of the above
b. Negotiation
Nonverbal communication is expressed in which of the following ways?
a. Crossed arms
b. Rolling eyes
c. Heavy sighs
d. All of the above
d. All of the above
Nonverbal communication can take the form of all of the following except:
a. Clothing
b. Hygiene
c. Body language
d. Tone of voice
d. Tone of voice
Which of the following is any type of communication used to achieve a goal, approval, or action by
another?
a. Negotiation
b. Verbal
c. Nonverbal
d. Body language
a. Negotiation
. Alternative dispute resolution is a solution to conclude complicated, costly, and time-consuming
conflicts in the health-care arena in which of the following ways?
a. Conflictually
b. Efficiently
c. Nonefficiently
d. None of the above
b. Efficiently
Which of the following is used in numerous situations with patients, families, coworkers, and
employer-employee situations?
a. Communication
b. Negotiation
c. Mediation
d. Dispute resolution
b. Negotiation