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56 Cards in this Set

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Expert Power
Usually stems from a superior's credibility with his or her subordinates.
A Decentralized Organization delegates....?
It Delegates Decision-Making Authority as far down the chain of command as possible and has relatively few formal rules.
Transitional Leaders attempt to create employee satisfaction though...?
Through bartering or negotiating for desired behaviors or levels of performance.
According to the Text, a Centralized Organizational Structure tends to be...?
Tends to be more Ethical.
The 2 Basic Dimensions that determine an organization's cultures are...?
Concern for People and Performance.
The Exacting Organizational Culture is...?
Concerned with performance but has little concern for employees.
The Apathetic Organizational Culture exhibits...?
Minimal concern for people and performance.
Corperate Structure applies to...?
All Organizations.
Group Norms are...?
Standards of Behavior that groups expect of their members.
Teams bring together...?
The Functional Expertise of Employees from several different areas of the organization on a Single Project.
Management's sense of the organization's culture may be...?
Quite Different from Employee's Perceptions.
According to the Text, motivation is defined as...?
A Force within the Individual that focuses on his or her behavior of achieving a goal.
According to the text, many Ethical Decisions within Organizations are made by...?
Groups within the Organization.
The Coercive Leader demands...?
Instantaneous Obedience and focuses on Achievement, Initiative, and Self-Control.
Sherry's leadership Style tends to create a negative climate because of...?
The High Standards she sets; Sherry is most likely a Pacesetting Leader.
A Coaching Leader builds a positive climate by...?
Developing Skills to Foster Long-Term Success, Delegating Responsibility, and issuing challanging assignments.
An Integrative Culture combines...?
High Level of Concerns for People and Performance.
There are 5 Power Bases from which 1 Person may influence another:
-REWARD Power
-COERCIVE Power
-LEGITIMATE Power
-EXPERT Power
-REFERENT Power
Codes of Conduct for a Business do not guarantee...?
An Ethical Business Climate.
In the Absence of Ethics Programs,...?
Employees are likely to make decisions based on their Observations of how their peers and superiors behave.
Codes of Conduct are...?
Formal Statements of what an organization expects in the way of Ethical Behavior.
Corrective action involves...?
Rewarding Employees who comply with company policy and punishing those who do not.
The Sarbanes-Oxley Act...?
Places pressure on Ethics Officers to monitor Financial and Sales Reporting.
A Common Mistake made in implementing an Ethics Program is...?
Developing Materials that do not meet the needs of the average employees.
One of the most effective methods of Ethics Training is...?
Exercise in resolving ethical dilemmas that relate to actual situations employees may face on the job.
It is Important for Ethics Programs to differentiate between...?
Organizational Ethics and Personal Ethics.
A Goal of an Ethics Training Program should not be to...?
Control Employees' Personal Ethics and Moral Beliefs.
Compliance Orientation strives to create order by...?
Requiring that Employees identify with and commit to be specific required conduct.
With regard to ethics, Training and Communication Initiatives should...?
Reflect the Unique Characteristics of an Organization.
An Ethics Audit...?
Is NOT the same as a Social Audit.
List the Steps in the Ethics Auditing Process.
-1). Secure Commitment of Top Executives and Directors.
-2). Review Organizational Mission, Goals, Values, and Polices, and Define Ethical Priorities.
-3). Verify the Results
-4). Collect and Analyze Relevant Information.
The Ethics Officer Association conducts Research on Legal and Ethical Issues in the workplace, and these results may...?
Facilitate Comparisons during an audit.
Crisis Management Plans help Companies...?
Respond to and Recover from Natural Disasters or Technological Disruptions.
The Ethics Audit should be overseen by...?
The Board of Directors' Financial Audit Committee.
Data Analysis that includes an examination of how other firms in the industry are performing in a Particular Area may be called...?
Benchmarking.
The Firms' Decision to conduct an Ethics Audit is...?
NOT a phase of Escalation during an Ethical Disaster.
Ethics Audits can help Companies identify...?
Potential Risks and Liabilities so they can implement plans to eliminate or reduce them before they reach crisis dimensions.
The Process of Ethical Disaster Recovery Planning includes:
-1). Assessing the Organization's Values.
-2). Developing an Ethics Program.
-3). Preforming an Ethics Audit.
-4). Developing Contingency Plans for Ethical Disasters.
Verification is...?
An Independent Assessment of the Guilty, Accuracy, and Completeness of a Company's Social or Ethics Report.
Criminal Law:
The Law that Governs Crimes alleged by the Government.
Civil Law:
The Law that governs Rights and Duties between Private Persons or Between Private Persons and The Government concerning matters other then the commission of a Crime.
Tort:
A Civil Wrong (Other then a Breach of Contract) that causes injury or other Damage for which our Legal System deems it just to provide a Remedy such as Compensation.
Intentional Torts:
A Tort in which a person either desired to bring about the result with substantial certainty that the result would follow what the person did or failed to do.
Examples of Intentional Torts:
-Abuse of Process
-Assault
-Battery
-Civil Rights Violation
-Conversion
-Defamation(Libel or Slander)
-False Imprisonment
-Intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress
-Interference of Contract Relations
-Misrepresentation
Examples of Negligent Torts:
-Elements of Negligence(Duty of Care, Breach of the Duty of Care, Proximate Cause, or Damages)
Examples of Strict Liability Torts:
-Strict Liability(Responsibility regardless of Blame Worthiness or Fault) An example would be performing an Abnormally Dangerous Activity such as Blasting.
Intentionally:
A person acts Intentionally with respect to a result or to conduct described be a statutedefining an offense, when his purpose is to cause that result or to engage in that conduct.
Knowingly:
A person acts knowingly with respect to conduct or to a circumstance described by a statute defining an offense when he is aware that his conduct is of that nature or that the circumstance exists.
Recklessly:
A person acts recklessly with respect to a result or to a circumstance described by a statute defining an offense when he is aware of and consciously disregards a substantial and unjustifable risk that the result will occur or that the circumstance exists.
Criminal Negligence:
A Person acts with criminal negilgence with respect to a result or to a circumstance which is defined by stature as an offense when her fails to perceive a substantial and unjustifiable risk that the result will occur or that the circumstance exists.
Entrapment:
The main consideration in an Entrapment Defense is predisposition.
Insanity:
In an Insanity Defense, the Defendant must prove by clear and convincing evidence that: The Defendent has a severe mental disease or defect and because of this condition the Defendent was unable to appreciate the Nature and Quality or Wrongfulness of his Act.
Self-Defense:
The main consideration is reasonableness.
Criminal Procedure(State Felony Case):
-Arrest
-Felony Examination
-Preliminary Hearing(Probable Cause Hearing in District Court)
-Grand Jury(Meets in District Attorney's Office to determine whether or not to return an indictment)
-Arrangement(Circuit Court)
-Jury Trial(Circuit Court)
Jurisdiction:
Power of the Court to entertain the action - may never be waived by the parties.
Venue:
The place where the action may be tried.