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24 Cards in this Set

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What are the two types of Predicate Adjectives?
Nominative and Accusative
What are the Passive Personal Endings?
or,r/ ris,re/ tur/ mur/ minī/ ntur
What endings do long vowels shorten before?
m, t, nt, r, and ntur
What ending is used for present passive 1st person sing.? imperfect? future?
or, r, or
What is the ablative of personal agent and does it need a prep.?
expresses the person by whose agency an action is performed. It needs a prep. and it is ā/ab
What is ablative of manner?
May express the way or manner in which an action is performed. If the noun is modified by an adjective, cum is optional, without an adjective it is required.
What is a subject infinitive?
When the infinitive is used as a subject of another verb. To work is good translated to Working is good.
Conjugate eō in the present active indicative, imperfect, future
eō, is, it, īmus, ītis, eunt
ībam, ībās, ībat, ībāmus, ībātis, ībant
ībō, ībis, ībit, ībimus, ībitis, ībunt
Does -ns- always lengthen a preceding vowel?
Yes
What changes do you make to the 3rd, 3rd i-stem, and 4th conjugations in the present active and passive indicative?
3rd e-i
3rd i-stem e-i
4th ī stays ī
For i-stem and 4th the 3rd person is iunt,iuntur and the 3rd conj is, untur
In the 3rd person passive, in 3rd, 3rd i, the i changes to e
What changes do you make to the 3rd, 3rd i-stem and 4th conjugations in the imperfect active and passive indicative?
3rd - e-ē 3rd i-stem i-iē 4th ī-iē
Same pertains to the future
How do you form the passive infitive for the conjugations?
for 1,2,4 drop the last vowel of the active infinitive and add ī for the 3rd, drop the ere and add ī
How do you form the imperative active?
drop the re off of the active infinitive for the plural add te, and in the 3rd conj the e changes to and i, so capite instead of capete
What are the irregular imperatives of dīcō, dūcō, ferō, faciō
dīc,dīcite dūc,dūcite fac, facite fer,ferte
How do you form the imperative passive?
The same as the active infinite for singular and for plural drop the -re and minī. Also for 3rd, change the e to i like regiminī, instead of regeminī
What is a partitive genitive?
when the genitive case represent the whole of which another noun is a part. Many of the inhabitants will not work.
What is subjective genitive?
when the genitive case expresses the person or thing performing a verbal action implied in another noun. Great was the hatred of the men against the women.
What is objective genitive?
when the the genitive case expresses the person or thing recieving a verbal action implied in another noun. ex,, on account of their hatred of the masters(objective genitive), the slaves are not working
What is ablative of respect?
when the ablative case without a prep. is used to limit or further specifiy the meaning of and adjective or verb. Gracchus was good in respect to judgement, Gracchus was good in judgement
What are the First person singular and plural pronouns?
ego, meī, mihi, mē, mē
nōs, nostrum/nostrī, nōbīs, nōs, nōbīs
first and second person genitive singular and plural genitive may be used for objective = um and partitive = ī
What are the second person singular and plural pronouns?
tū, tuī, tibi, tē, tē
vōs, vestrum/vestrī, vōbīs, vōs, vōbīs
same thing about the genitives for the second person as the first person
What are the third person singular and plural pronouns for masc.?
is, eius, eī, eum, eō
eī/iī, eōrum, eīs/iīs, eōs, eīs/iīs
What are the third person singular and plural pronouns for the fem.?
ea, eius, eī, eam, eā
eae, eārum, eīs/iīs, eās, eīs/iīs
What are the third person singular and plural pronouns for the neuter gender?
id, eius, eī, id, eō
ea, eōrum, eīs/iīs, ea, eīs/iīs