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13 Cards in this Set

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What are the three properties of a Latin noun?
gender, number, case
What are the uses of the nominative case?
used for the subject or predicate of a sentence
What is a subject, and what is a predicate?
a subject is that which is spoken about, and a predicate is all that is spoken about the subject.
What is the use of the genitive case?
used to qualify or limit another noun in a variety of ways
What is the use of the dative case?
used to express the person or thing interested in or affected by the action of the verb, usually translates to "to" or "for"
What is the dative of reference?
when dative is to express the person "with reference to whom" Ex,, to the sailor the danger of the sea is real.
What is an example of dative of indirect object?
The girl gives a toy to the cat. "to the cat" would be the dative of indirect object
What is the accusative case?
used for the direct object of a verb
What are the uses of the ablative case, and include whether or not they use a prep. and provide example?
separation, usually uses prep. I go FROM Italy
association requires prep. CUM I came WITH the poet
instrument, no prep. I fought WITH the sword,
location, requires prep., Farmers work in the fields.
What are the five singular genitive endings for the declensions?
1-ae 2-ī 3-is 4-ūs 5-eī/ēī
What are the case endings of nouns in the first declension?
SING. nom./voc.- a, gen. ae, dat. ae, acc. am, abl. ā,
PL. nom./voc. ae, gen. ārum, dat. īs, acc. ās, abl. īs
(No first declension nouns are neuter gender)
What are the case ending for masc./fem. nouns in the second declension?
SING. nom. us/--, gen. ī, dat. ō, acc. um, abl. ō, voc. e
PL. nom./voc. ī, gen. ōrum, dat. īs, acc. ōs, abl. īs
What are the case endings for neuter nouns in the second declension?
SING nom./ voc. um, all othes the same as masc. 2nd dec.
PL. nom./voc./acc. a, others the same as masc. 2nd decl.