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296 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
causa, causae, f
reason, cause; case
glōria, glōriae, f
renown, glory
invidia, invidiae, f
envy, jealousy; ill-will, resentment
sententia, sententiae, f
thought, feeling; opinion
altum, altī, n
deep sea, height
auxilium, auxiliī, n
aid, help
auxilia, auxiliōrum, n pl
auxiliary troops
caelum, caelī n
sky, heaven
socius, sociī, m
ally, comrade
agō, agere, ēgī, āctus
drive, do; spend, conduct
causam agere (idiom)
to conduct or plead a case
canō, canere, cecinī, cantus
sing (of)
capiō, capere, cēpī, captus
take (up), capture; win
cōnsilium capere (idiom)
to form a plan
dīcō, dīcere, dīxī, dictus
say, speak, tell
dūcō, dūcere, dūxī, ductus
lead; consider
faciō, facere, fēcī, factus
make; do
gerō, gerere, gessī, gestus
bear, manage, conduct; perform
bellum gerere (idiom)
to wage war
mittō, mittere, mīsī, missus
send
pōnō, pōnere, posuī, positus
put, place; set aside
regō, regere, rēxī, rēctus
rule, control
scrībō, scrībere, scrīpsī, scrīptus
write
audiō, audīre, audīvī, audītus
hear, listen (to)
sentiō, sentīre, sēnsī, sēnsus
perceive; feel
veniō, venīre, vēnī, ventum
come
ego, meī
(personal pronoun) I; me
nōs, nostrum/nostrī
(personal pronoun) we; us
tū, tuī
(personal pronoun) you
vōs, vestrum/vestrī
(personal pronoun) you (plural)
is, ea, id
(demonstrative adjective) this, that; these, those; (as third-person personal pronoun) he, she, it; they; him, her, it; them
altus, alta, altum
tall, high; deep
clārus, clāra, clārum
bright, clear; famous
cupidus, cupida, cupidum
desirous (+ gen.)
decem
(indeclinable adj.) ten
meus, mea, meum
my, mine
noster, nostra, nostrum
our, ours
socius, socia, socium
allied
tuus, tua, tuum
your, yours
validus, valida, validum
strong; healthy
vester, vestra, vestrum
your (pl), yours (pl)
equidem (adv)
indeed, certainly; for my part
quidem (adv.)
indeed, certainly; at least
nē ... quidem
not even
per (prep + acc.)
through
amīcitia, amīcitiae, f
friendship
inimīcitia, inimīcitiae f
enmity, hostility
fātum, fātī, n
destiny, fate; (in pl.), death
proelium, proeliī, n
battle
--, meī (reflexive pronoun)
myself
--, nostrum/nostrī (reflexive pronoun)
ourselves
--, tuī (reflexive pronoun)
yourself
--, vestrum/vestrī (reflexive pronoun)
yourselves
--, suī (reflexive pronoun)
himself, herself, itself, themselves
accipiō, accipere, accēpī, acceptus
receive; accept; hear (of), learn (of)
cēdō, cēdere, cessī, cessum
go, move; yield; withdraw
accēdō, accēdere, accessī, accessum
go to, come to, approach
discēdō, discēdere, discessī, discessum
go away, depart
interficiō, interficere, interfēcī, interfectus
kill
perficiō, perficere, perfēcī, perfectus
complete, accomplish
abeō, abīre, abiī, abitum
go away
ferō, ferre, tulī, lātus
bring, bear, carry; endure
meminī, meminisse (defective verb)
remember, be mindful (of)
ōdī, ōdisse (defective verb)
hate
redeō, redīre, rediī, reditum
go back, return
dūrus, dūra, dūrum
hard; harsh
ipse, ipsa, ipsum (intensive adj.)
-self, -selves; very
meus, mea, meum
my (own)
noster, nostra, nostrum
our (own)
pius, pia, pium
dutiful, loyal
impius, impia, impium
disloyal, wicked
suus, sua, suum
his (own), her (own), its (own), their (own)
tuus, tua, tuum
your (own)
vester, vestra, vestrum
your (pl.) (own)
bene (adv.)
well
etsī (conj.)
although
male (adv.)
badly
multum (adv.)
much, a lot
nisi (conj.)
if ... not, unless
postquam (conj.)
after
quamquam (conj.)
although
quoniam (conj.)
since, because
sī (conj.)
if
sīc (adv.)
thus, so, in this way, in such a way
tamen (adv.)
nevertheless
ubi
(conj.) when; (interrog. adv.) where, when
ut (conj.)
as; when
agricola, agricolae, m
farmer
anima, animae, f
breath; life force; soul
dea, deae, f
goddess
fāma, fāmae, f
report, rumor; reputation, fame
fēmina, fēminae, f
woman; wife
fīlia, fīliae, f
daughter
īnsula, īnsulae, f
island
Italia, Italiae, f
Italy
nauta, nautae, m
sailor
patria, patriae, f
country, homeland
pecūnia, pecūniae, f
money
poēta, poētae, m
poet
puella, puellae, f
girl
rēgīna, rēgīnae, f
queen
via, viae, f
way, road, street
ager, agrī, m
field
deus, deī, m
god
dominus, dominī, m
master, lord
fīlius, fīliī, m
son
gladius, gladiī, m
sword
liber, librī, m
book
puer, puerī, m
boy
servus, servī, m
slave
vir, virī, m
man; husband
aurum, aurī, n
gold
bellum, bellī, n
war
cōnsilium, cōnsiliī, n
deliberation; plan, advice; judgment
dōnum, dōnī, n
gift
factum, factī, n
deed
ferrum, ferrī, n
iron; sword
oppidum, oppidī, n
town
perīculum, perīculī, n
danger
verbum, verbī, n
word
ā, ab (prep + abl)
(away) from , by
ad (prep + acc)
toward, to
cum (prep + abl)
with
dē (prep + abl)
(down) from; about, concerning
ē, ex (prep + abl)
(out) from
et (conj, adv)
conj: and -- adv: even, also
in (prep + acc, prep + abl)
prep + acc: into, onto; against -- prep + abl: in, on
-que (enclitic conj)
and
cūra, cūrae, f
care, concern; anxiety
īra, īrae, f
anger, wrath
poena, poenae, f
punishment, penalty
sapientia, sapientiae, f
wisdom
vīta, vītae, f
life
animus, animī, m
(rational) soul, mind; spirit; plural: strong feelings
arma, armōrum, n plural
arms, weapons
studium, studiī, n
zeal, enthusiasm; pursuit, study
vēlum, vēlī, n
sail
ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātum
walk
amō, amāre, amāvī, amātus
love
cōgitō, cōgitāre, cōgitāvī, cōgitātus
think; ponder
dō, dare, dedī, datus
give, grant
poenās dare
(idiom) to pay the penalty
vēla dare
(idiom) to set sail
dōnō, dōnāre, dōnāvī, dōnātus
give; present, reward
errō, errāre, errāvī, errātum
wander; err, make a mistake
labōrō, labōrāre, labōrāvī, labōrātum
work; suffer, be distressed
mōnstrō, mōnstrāre, mōnstrāvī, mōnstrātus
show, point out
optō, optāre, optāvī, optātus
desire; choose
vocō, vocāre, vocāvī, vocātus
call; summon; name
dēbeō, dēbēre, dēbuī, dēbitus
owe; ought
habeō, habēre, habuī, habitus
have, hold; consider
iubeō, iubēre, iussī, iussus
order
moveō, movēre, mōvī, mōtus
set in motion, stir (up), move
respondeō, respondēre, respondī, respōnsus
answer
timeō, timēre, timuī, --
fear, be afraid (of)
videō, vidēre, vīdī, vīsus
see
sum, esse, fuī, futūrus
be; exist
possum, posse, potuī, --
be able, can
cūr (interrog. adv.)
why
enim (postpositive conj.)
in fact, indeed; for
etenim (conj.)
and indeed; for in fact
nam (conj.)
for
namque (conj.)
for in fact
-ne (interrog. enclitic particle)
added to the first word of a question
neque, nec (conj.-adv.)
and not
neque/nec ... neque/nec ...
neither ... nor ...
nōn (adv.)
not
sed (conj.)
but
dīligentia, dīligentiae, f
diligence, attentiveness
incola, incolae, m or f
inhabitant
mora, morae, f
delay
prōvincia, prōvinciae, f
province
terra, terrae, f
land, earth
amīcus, amīcī, m
friend
forum, forī, n
public square, market-place, forum
imperium, imperiī, n
power, authority, command; empire
inimīcus, inimīcī m
(personal) enemy
odium, odiī, n
hatred
populus, populī, m
(the) people; populace
Rōmānī, Rōmānōrum, m pl.
(the) Romans
nihil or nīl (indeclinable noun), n
nothing
laudō, laudāre, laudāvī, laudātus
praise
pugnō, pugnāre, pugnāvī, pugnātum
fight
superō, superāre, superāvī, superātus
overcome, conquer; surpass
teneō, tenēre, tenuī, tentus
hold, grasp; keep, possess; occupy
eō, īre, iī/īvī, itum
go
amīcus, amīca, amīcum
friendly (+ dat.)
inimīcus, inimīca, inimīcum
unfriendly, hostile (+ dat.)
bonus, bona, bonum
good
laetus, laeta, laetum
happy
līber, lībera, līberum
free
magnus, magna, magnum
large, big; great
malus, mala, malum
bad, evil
miser, misera, miserum
wretched, pitiable, miserable
multus, multa, multum
much, many
parvus, parva, parvum
small, little
pulcher, pulchra, pulchrum
beautiful, handsome
Rōmānus, Rōmāna, Rōmānum
Roman
atque or ac (conj.)
and (what's more)
mox (adv.)
soon; then
nunc (adv.)
now
prō (prep. + abl.)
in front of; on behalf of, for; in return for, instead of
propter (prep. + acc.)
on account of, because of
semper (adv.)
always
sine (prep. + abl.)
without
āra, ārae, f
altar
cōpia, cōpiae, f
abundance; in pl. troops, forces
fortūna, fortūnae, f
fortune, chance
īnsidiae, īnsidiārum, f pl.
ambush, plot, treachery
umbra, umbrae, f
shadow, shade
ingenium, ingeniī, n
ability, talent; disposition
templum, templī, n
temple
ars, artis, -ium, f
skill, art; guile, trick
cīvitās, cīvitātis, f
state, citizenry; citizenship
mors, mortis, -ium, f
death
pars, partis, -ium, f
part
virtūs, virtūtis, f
manliness, courage; excellence, virtue
vōx, vōcis, f
voice; word
maneō, manēre, mānsī, mānsūrus
remain, stay; await
terreō, terrēre, terruī, territus
terrify, frighten
cupiō, cupere, cupiī/cupīvī, cupītus
desire, long for, want
fugiō, fugere, fūgī, fugitūrus
flee
petō, petere, petiī/petīvī, petītus
ask for, seek; attack
trādō, trādere, trādidī, trāditus
hand over, surrender; hand down
vincō, vincere, vīcī, victus
conquer, overcome
auferō, auferre, abstulī, ablātus
carry away, take away, remove
differō, differre, distulī, dīlātus
carry in different directions, scatter; postpone, defer; (intr.) differ, be different
acerbus, acerba, acerbum
bitter; harsh
cārus, cāra, cārum
precious; dear (to) (+ dat.)
certus, certa, certum
sure, certain, reliable
falsus, falsa, falsum
deceptive, false
incertus, incerta, incertum
unsure, uncertian, unreliable
vērus, vēra, vērum
real, true
ante (adv.)
before, earlier, previously; (prep + acc) before; in front of
aut (conj)
aut ... aut ...
or
either ... or ...
etiam (adv)
also, even; still
ita (adv)
in this manner, thus, so
nē (adv)
not
post
(adv) after(ward), later; behind; (prep + acc) after; behind
sōlum (adv)
only
nōn sōlum ... sed/vērum etiam ...
not only ... but also ...
utinam (particle)
introduces an Optative subjunctive
vērō (adv)
certainly, indeed; but (in fact)
vērum (conj)
but
Athēnae, Athēnārum, f pl
Athens
nātura, nāturae, f
nature
Rōma, Rōmae, f
Rome
dictum, dictī, n
word; saying
domus, domī, f
house, home
amor, amōris, m
love
animal, animālis, -ium, n
animal
carmen, carminis, n
song, poem
Carthāgō, Carthāginis, f
Carthage
cīvis, cīvis, -ium, m or f
citizen
corpus, corporis, n
body
frāter, frātris, m
brother
homō, hominis, m
human being, man; in pl. people
hostis, hostis, -ium, m
(public) enemy
iūs, iūris, n
right, law; judgment; court
iūre (adv)
rightly, justly
mare, maris, -ium, n
sea
māter, mātris, f
mother
mēns, mentis, -ium, f
mind; intention, purpose; attitude
mīles, mīlitis, m
soldier
moenia, moenium, n pl
(city) walls
pater, patris, m
father
patrēs cōnscrīptī, voc pl
enrolled fathers, senators
rēx, rēgis, m
king
rūs, rūris, n
country(side)
servitūs, servitūtis, f
slavery
soror, sorōris, f
sister
timor, timōris, m
fear
urbs, urbis, -ium, f
city
vīs, --, -ium, f
force, power; violence; in pl. (physical) strength
līberō, līberāre, līberāvī, līberātus
līberāvī, līberātus free, liberate
careō, carēre, caruī, caritūrus
lack, be without, be free from (+abl)
legō, legere, lēgī, lēctus
gather; choose; read
intellegō, intellegere, intellēxī, intellēctus
understand
vīvō, vīvere, vīxī, vīctūrus
live, be alive
antīquus, antīqua, antīquum
old, ancient
novus, nova, novum
new; strange
paucī, paucae, pauca
few
autem (postpositive conj.)
however; moreover
inter (prep. + acc.)
between, among; during
sub
(prep. + acc.) under; up to
(prep. + abl.) under; at the foot of; near
umquam (adv.)
ever
numquam (adv.)
never
declension of vīs, --, -ium, f
N. vīs
G. ---
D. ---
A. vim
A. vī

N. vīrēs
G. vīrium
D. vīribus
A. vīrēs/vīrīs
A. vīribus
Third declension, M/F
N. --
G. is
D. ī
A. em
A. e

N. ēs
G. um
D. ibus
A. ēs
A. ibus
Third declension, N
N. --
G. is
D. ī
A. --
A. e

N. a
G. um
D. ibus
A. a
A. ibus
Third declension, i-stem, M/F
N. --
G. is
D. ī
A. em
A. e

N. ēs
G. ium
D. ibus
A. ēs/īs
A. ibus
Third declension, i-stem, N
N. --
G. is
D. ī
A. --
A. ī

N. ia
G. ium
D. ibus
A. ia
A. ibus
ipse, ipsa, ipsum
N. ipse, ipsa, ipsum
G. ipsīus, ipsīus, ipsīus
D. ipsī, ipsī, ipsī
A. ipsum, ipsam, ipsum
A. ipsō, ipsā, ipsō

N. ipsī, ipsae, ipsa
G. ipsōrum, ipsārum, ipsōrum
D. ipsīs, ipsīs, ipsīs
A. ipsōs, ipsās, ipsa
A. ipsīs, ipsīs, ipsīs
first person pronoun
N. ego
G. meī
D. mihi
A. mē
A. mē

N. nōs
G. nostrum/nostrī
D. nōbīs
A. nōs
A. nōbīs
second person pronoun
N. tū
G. tuī
D. tibi
A. tē
A. tē

N. vōs
G. vestrum/vestrī
D. vōbīs
A. vōs
A. vōbīs
Locative case
domī, rūrī, Rōmae, Athēnīs, Carthāginī or Carthāgine