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45 Cards in this Set

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addendum
Things to be added. Plural is addenda (or addendums; both are acceptable English usage, but addenda is preferred.).
ad libitum
Shortened to ad lib. According to your pleasure. "The patient is to resume activity ad lib."
auris dextra
A.D., right ear.
auris sinistra
A.S., left ear. Did you know that the word sinister comes from the term that means "left-handed"?
aures utrae
A.U., each ear (often interpreted as "both ears").
bruit(s)
Pronounced broo-ee(s). This is an abnormal vascular sound heard on auscultation during a physical exam. Look it up in your dictionary and you will see that nearly all the different types of bruits are French terms.
cafe au lait spot
This is a skin lesion that is the color of coffee with milk—a distinctive light brown pigment having a macular form. Pronounced "kahFAY o LAY."
coup
A hit or stroke; found in such terms as coup de grace (coo day grawss), coup d'etat (coo day taw), contrecoup (contray-coo—as in a certain kind of brain injury).
cul-de-sac
A blind alley. Usually has reference to the uterine cul-de-sac.
en bloc
In one block. Common term in surgery and pathology where a specimen is removed in one piece. It is pronounced “on block.” But don't get it wrong by spelling it that way!
en masse
In mass—sometimes refers to one unit, not divided into parts. Pronounced "on mass" or sometimes "on moss."
Gilbert disease
Pronounced zhee-BEAR. An inborn abnormality of liver function.
in ano
About the only place you will ever hear this is in reference to "fistula in ano," which is an abnormal opening near the anus.
in extremis
at the point of death
in situ
In its original position; in its natural or normal place. "The carcinoma in situ has not spread to surrounding tissues." Very common term in pathology reports.
in toto
As a whole or in the whole, a totality. "The specimen was removed in toto."
oculus dexter
O.D., right eye.
oculus sinister
O.S., left eye.
oculus uterque
O.U., each eye. Again, you will often hear the abbreviations for these terms, but will rarely, if ever, hear the words themselves.
peau d'orange
pronounced “po-dranzh.” Literally means "orange peel" and describes the appearance of the skin in certain dermatological conditions.
per
For, through, by. Per diem, by the day. Millimeters per second. Per annum, by the year.
raphe
Pronounced “rah-fay.” It is included here because of its unusual pronunciation. Literally the word means "seam" and refers to the line of union between various symmetrical physiologic structures.
Raynaud phenomenon or disease
Pronounced “ray-NO.” This is a vascular disorder characterized by intermittent loss of circulation, usually to the extremities.
statim
At once, immediately. You will hear this as "stat."
status quo
The existing condition. "There was no change in the patient's status quo."
Virchow-Robin spaces
Pronounced “ver-cow ro-BAN.” A perivascular space in the brain in which important immunological functions take place.
ante cibum
a.c. Before food. "Medication to be taken 40 mg a.c."
ante meridium
a.m. In the morning. "He will be seen at 10:00 a.m. in the morning"—is totally redundant. Correct it if you see or hear it. The abbreviation a.m. is common in drug dosages. AM is also an acceptable form.
bis in die
b.i.d. Twice a day or twice daily.
die
d. Day. This is the "d" in most abbreviations.
gutta
g.t.t. A drop. Often appears in medication lists in reference to eardrops or eyedrops.
hora
h. Hour. "Amoxicillin 500 mg q.4h. or q. 4 h."
hora somni
h.s. At bedtime (literally the hour of sleep). "She was to take her Elavil q.h.s."
per os
p.o. By mouth. "Lasix 40 p.o. q.d."
post meridiem
p.m. Afternoon, or between noon and midnight.
pro re nata
p.r.n. As needed. "Tylenol 325 mg q.4h. p.r.n. pain."
quaque die
q.d. Every day.
quaque hora
q.d. Every day.
quaque secunda hora
Abbreviated q.2h. This means every 2 hours.
quaque tertia hora
q.3h. Every 3 hours.
quaque quarta hora
q.4h. Every 4 hours.
quaque sex hora
q.6h. Every 6 hours.
quaque octa hora
q.8h. Every 8 hours.
quater in die
q.i.d. Four times a day.
ter in die
t.i.d. Three times a day.