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43 Cards in this Set

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A conjugated verb indicates:
1. tense
2. voice
3. mood
4. person
5. number
1st conjugation verbs
"-are" verbs;

-o or -m -mus
-s -tis
-t -nt
Imperatives
Singular: Drop the -re off the infinitive

Plural:

1st/2nd/4th:
drop -re and add -te

3rd/3rd-io:
drop the -ere from the imperative and add -ite
Nominative
subject of the verb
Genititive
shows possession;

"of" whom or what
Dative
Indirect object;

"to or for whom or what" something is being done
Accusative
Direct object;

"whom" or "what" received the Action;

Never use with "to be"
Ablative
Prepositional phrases;

"by, in from, about, with"
Vocative
Direct address
1st declension nouns
Nom -a -ae
Gen -ae -ārum
Dat -ae -īs
Acc -am -ās
Abl -ā -īs
Voc -a -ae
2nd conjugation verbs
"-Ere" verbs;

have an "e" in 1st principle part;

- -mus
-s -tis
-t -nt
2nd conjugation verbs

4 Principal Parts
Most follow pattern of:

-eō, -ēre, -uī, -itum
Word order of simple latin sentence
SMIDAV

subject
modifier
indirect object
direct object
adverb
verb
2nd declension nouns
-us, -ī

Nom -us -ī
Gen -ī -ōrum
Dat -ō -īs
Acc -um -ōs
Abl -ō -īs
Voc -e,ī -ī

-ius, -ī:
single -ī ending in vocative singular

-er:
stem change in genitive singular as in
"ager, agrī"
Neuter 2nd declension nouns
-um, -a

Nom -um -a
Gen
Dat
Acc -um -a
Abl
Voc -um -a
Sum, esse, fui, futurus

Present indicative
sum sumus
es estis
est sunt
3rd conjugation verbs
*no "e" in the Nom. Sing.

-ō -imus
-is -itis
-it -unt
3rd-io and 4th conjugation verbs
-iō -imus
-is -itis
-it -iunt
sum, esse, fui, futurus

imperfect
eram erāmus
erās erātis
erat erant
sum, esse, fui, futurus

future
erō erimus
eris eritis
erit erunt
fugio, fugere, fugi, fugiturus
to flee

fugio fugimus
fugis fugitis
fugit fugiunt
incipio, incipere, incepi, inceptum
to begin

incipio incipimus
incipis incipitis
incipit incipiunt
superō (1)
to overcome

supero superamus
superas superatis
superat superant
antiquus, -a, -um
old/ancient
Graecus, -a, -um
Greek
arma, armorum
n., weapons,arms
auxilium, -i
n., help/aid

auxilium auxilia
auxilii auxiliorum
auxilio auxiliis
auxilium auxilia
auxilio auxiliis
auxilium auxilia
cupla, -ae
f., fault
forma, -ae
f., shape/form/beauty
historia, -ae
f., story, history
Italia, -ae
f., Italy
liber, libri
m., book
Roma, -ae
f., Rome
denique
adv., finally
ergo
adv., therefore
quondam
adv., once
semper
adv., always
cum + ABL
with
ex (e) + ABL
out of/away from

(e is used before consonants?)
in + ABL
in/on
in + ACC
into/against
sine + ABL
without
ubi
when/where