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How do you remember the -ius irregular adjectives?
U -- unus, una, unum
N -- nullus, nulla, nullum
U -- ullus, ulla, ullum
S -- solus, sola, solum

N -- neuter, neutra, neutrum
A -- alius, alia, aliud
U -- uter, utra, utrum
T -- totus, tota, totum
A -- alter, altera, alterum
amittere, ammisi
audere, ausus sum
cadere, cecidi
capere, cepi
debere, debui
dicere, dixi
docere, docui
egere, egui
facere, feci
fegere, fugi
habere, habui
iubere, iussi
monere, monui
remanere, remansi
respondere, respondi
salvere, salvui
sustinere, sustinui
tenere, tenui
terrere, terrui
timere, timui
valere, valui
videre, vidi
vivere, vixi
to lose, let go
to dare
to fall
to take, capture, seize
to owe, ought, must
to say
to teach
to be in need
to make, do, accomplish
to flee
to have
to order
to remind, advise, warn
to remain
to reply
to be well
to endure
to observe
to frighten, terrify
to fear
to be strong, have power
to see
to live
English to Latin:
farmer
agricola, -ae
M.
Fourth Conjugation and -io verbs of the 3rd (audire and capere)
present: io, is, it; imus, itis, iunt
past: iebam, iebas, iebat, iebamus, iebatis, iebant
future: iam, ies, iet, iemus, ietis, ient
hard
durus, -a, -um
Sum
present: sum, es, est; sumus, estis, sunt
imperfect: eram, eras, erat; eramus, eratis, erant
future: ero, eris, erit; erimus, eritis, erunt
perfect: fui, fuisti, fuit;
fuimus, fuistis, fuerunt
pluperfect: fuerant, fueras, fuerat; fueramus, fueratis,
fuerant
future perfect: fuero, fueris, fuerit; fuerimus, fueritis, fuerint
English to Latin:
field, farm
ager, agri

M.
How do you know what tense to use?
imperfect = the action is going on, repeated habitual

perfect = semelfactive

friendly
amicus, -a, -um
agere, egi
alere, alui
committere, commisi
convertere, converti
currere, cucurri
diligere, dilexi
discere, didici
ducere, duxi
exponere, exposui
gerere, gessi
iacere, ieci
eicere, eieci
intellegere, intellexi
iungere, iungiunxi
mittere, misi
perdere, perdidi
relegere, relegi
scribere, scripsi
tenere, tenui
tollere, tollui
trahere, traxi
vincere, vici
to drive, lead
to nourish
to entrust, commit
to turn around, attract
to run, rush
to esteem
to learn
to lead, consider, regard
to set forth
to carry, manage, conduct
to throw
to throw/drive out
to understand
to join
to send
to destroy
to re-read
to write
to hold, keep
to take away
to draw, drag
to conquer
English to Latin:
friendship
amicitia, -ae
F.
3rd conjugation, Agere
present: ago, agis, agit; agimus, agitis, agunt
imperfect: agebam, agebas, abebat; agebamus, agebatis, agebant
future: agam, ages, aget; agemus, agetis, agent
perfect: egi, egisti, egit; egimus, egistis, egunt
pluperfect: egeram, egeras, egerat; egeramus, egeratis, egerant
future perfect: egero, egeris,
egerit; egerimus, egeritis, egerint
rough, harsh
asper, -a, -um
amare
appellare
basiare
cantare
cenare
cogitare
conservare
creare
culpare
curare
delectare
deportare
errare
exclamare
exspectare
festinare
gustare
irritare
laudare
mutare
necare
obdurare
onerare
optare
peccare
pugnare
recusare
satiare
servare
superare
tolerare
vitare
vocare
volare
to love
to speak to, call
to kiss
to sing
to dine
to think
to preserve
to create
to blame
to take care of
to delight
to carry away
to wander
to shout
to look for, await
to hasten
to taste
to excite
to praise
to change
to murder
to be firm
to load, oppress
to wish
to sin
to fight
to refuse, reject
to satisfy
to preserve, save
to be above
to bear, endure
to avoid
to call
to fly

English to Latin:
youth, young manhood, youthfulness
adulescentia, -ae

F.
audire, audivi
invenire, inveni
sentire, sensi
venire, veni
to hear, listen to
to come upon, find
to feel, perceive, think
to come
whole, entire
totus, -a, -um
Nound Endings, 1st and 2nd Declension
1st: a, ae, ae, am, a, a; ae, arum, is, as, is, ae

2nd: us, i, o, um, o, e; i, orum, is, os, is, i

2nd Neuter: um, i, o, um, o; a, orum, is, a, is
English to Latin:

young man or woman
adulescens, adulescentis

M., and F.
quod
because
taught, learned, skilled
doctus, -a, -um
favour, pardon
venia, -ae

F.
Latin to English:
animus, -i, M.
soul, spirit, mind
Posse
present: possum, potes, potest; possumus, potestis, possunt
imperfect: poteram, poteras, poterat; poteramus, poteratis, poterant
future: potero, poteris, poterit; poterimus, poteritis, poterunt
perfect: potui, potuisti, potuit; potuimus, potuistis, potuerunt
pluperfect: potueram, potueras, potuerat; potueramus, potueratis, potuerant
future perfect: potuero, potueris, potuerit; potuerimus, potueritis, potuerint
ancient
antiquus, -a, -um
Verb endings: 1st and 2nd conjugation
present: o or m, s, t; mus, tis, nt
imperative: present stem; te
imperfect: bam, bas, bat, bamus, batis, bant
future: bo, bis, bit; bimus, bitis, bunt
perfect: i, isti, it; imus, istis, erunt
pluperfect: eram, eras, erat; eramus, eratis, erant
future perfect: ero, eris, erit; erimus, eritis, erint
English to Latin:
friend
amica, -ae
F.

amicus, -i
M.
dare, dedi
iuvo, iuvi
stare, steti
to give, offer
to help, aid
to stand
small, little
parvus, -a, -um
3rd declension endings
M & F. none,is, i, em, e; es, um, ibus, es, ibus

Neuter: none, is, i, none, e; a, um, ibus, a, ibus
etiam
even
greedy
avarus, -a, -um
hodie
today
across
trans (+acc.)
ante
before, previously
unfortunate
infortunatus, -a, -um
fault, vice, crime
vitium, -ii

N.
alone, only

What is different about this adjective?
solus, -a, -um

solus, sola, solum; solius, solius, solius; soli, soli, soli; solum, solam, solum; solo, sola, solo
et...et
both...and
lucky, fortunate, happy
fortunatus, -a, -um
quoniam
since, inasmuch as
without
sine
cras
tomorrow
either, which (of two)

What is different about this adjective?
uter, utra, utrum

Irregular: uter, utra, utrum; utrium, utrium, utrium; utri, utri, utri; utrum, utram, utrum; utro, utra, utro
igitur
therefore, consequently

(postpositive)
right
rectus, -a, -um
nuper
recently
human, humane, kind
humanus, -a, -um
mode of life
vita, -ae

F.
free
liber, libera, liberum
city

What is different about this noun?
urbs, urbis

i-stem noun: urbs, urbis, urbi, urbem, urbe, urbes, urbium, urbibus, urbes, urbibus
unworthy
indignus, -a, -um
time
tempus, temporis

N.
true, real, proper
verus, -a, -um
timor, timoris

M.
fear
beautiful, handsome, fine
pulcher, pulchra, pulchrum
omnino
wholly
out of, from, from within; by reason of, on account of
ex, e
et
and
pretty, handsome; charming
bellus, -a, -um
via, -ae

F.
way, road, street
few
paucus, -a, -um
with
cum
in
+abl. = in

+acc. = into, toward, against
ubi
rel. adv. and conj. = where, when
varied
varius, -a, -um
quando
interrogative and relative adv. and conj. = when
harsh, bitter, grievous
acerbus, -a, -um
pleasure
voluptas, voluptatis

F.
under, up under, close to
sub (+abl. with verbs of rest; +acc. with verbs of motion)
shade, shadow, ghost
umbra, -ae

F.
sound, sane
sanus, -a, -um
word
verbum, -i

N.
no, none

What is different about this adjective?
nullus, -a, -um

Irregular: nullus, nulla, nullum; nullius, nullius, nullius; nulli, nulli, nulli; nullum, nullam, nullum; nullo, nulla, nullo
bene
well, satisfactorily
skillful
peritus, -a, -um
terra, -ae

F.
earth, ground
on account of, because of
propter (+acc.)
however, moreover
autem

(postpositive)
splendid
praeclarus, -a, -um
nec...nec
neither...nor
inter (+acc.)
between, among
good, kind
bonus, -a, -um
before, in front of
ante (+acc.)
foolish
stultus, -a, -um
sed
but
dear
carus, cara, carum
uproar, disturbance, mob, crowd
turba, -ae

F.
much, many
multus, -a, -um
after, behind
post (+acc.)
palam
openly
worthy, deserving
dignus, -a, -um
tum
then, at that time
other, another

What is different about this adjective?
alius, -a, -um

Irregular in singular: alius, alia, aliud; alterius, alterius, alterius; alii, alii, alii; alium, aliam, aliud; alio, alia, alio
-que
eclitic conjunction, and. It is appended to the second of two words to be joined.
how
quomodo
one, single, alone

What is different about this adjective?
unus, -a, -um

unus, una, unum; unius, unius, unius; uni, uni, uni; unum, unam, unum; uno, una, uno
necque, nec
and not, nor
neither

What is different about this adjective?
neuter, nuetra, neutrum

irregular: neuter, neutra, neutrum; neutrius, neutrius, neutrius; neutri, neutri, neutri; neutrium, neutriam, neutrium; neutrio, neutria, neutrio
lente
slowly
large, great, important
magnus, -a, -um
manliness, courage, excellence, character, worth, virtue
virtus, virtutis

M.
perpetual, lasting
perpetuus, -a, -um
eagerness, zeal, pursuit, study
studium, -ii

N.
Greek
Graecus, -a, -um
numquam
never
any

What is different about this adjective?
ullus, -a, -um

Irregular: ullus, ulla, ullum; ullius, ullius, ullius; ulli, ulli, ulli; ullum, ullam, ullum; ullo, ulla, ullo
tamen
nevertheless, still
bad, wicked, evil
malus, -a, -um
diu
long, for a long time
safe, sound
salvus, -a, -um
nunc
now, at present
happy, fortunate
beatus, -a, -um
nam
for
the other (of two)

What is different about this adjective?
alter, altera, alterum

Irregular in the singular: alter, altera, alterum; alterius, alterius, alterius, alteri, alteri, alteri; alterum, alteram, alterum; altero, altera, altero
nimis, nimium
too, too much, excessive
new, strange
novus, -a, -um
itaque
and so, therefore
full, abundant, generous
plenus, -a, -um
tyrant
tyrannus, -i

M.
English to Latin:

body
corpor, corporis

N.
truth
veritas, veritatis

F.
brother
frater, fratris

M.
heri
yesterday
English to Latin:

greed, avarice
avaritia, -ae

F.
fool
stultus, -i

M.
human being
homo, hominis

M.
man, hero
vir, viri

M.
honor, honoris

M.
honor, office
dum
while, as long as, at the same time that
English to Latin:
animal
animal, animalis
N.
tantum
only
English to Latin:

deed, act, achievement
factum, -i
N.
enim
for, in fact, truly
English to Latin:

abundance
copia, -ae

F.
nondum
not yet
Latin to English:
annus, -i, M.
year
olim
at that time, once formerly
Graecus, -i

M.
a Greek
wife
uxor, uxoris

F.
Latin to English:

cantena, -ae

F.
chain
tempestas, tempestatis

F.
period of time, season
English to Latin:
love
amor, amoris
M.
fortasse
perhaps
Latin to English:

ars, artis
F.
art
super
above
son
filius, filii

M.
ad (+acc.)
to, up to, near to
English to Latin:

gift, present
donum, -i

N.
non
not
frugalitas, frugalitatis

F.
frugality
secrete
in secret
Latin to English:

auris, auris
F.
ear
quare
because of which thing, therefore
Latin to English:

discipula, -ae
F.

discipulus, -i
M.
learner, pupil, student
saepe
often
English to Latin:

plan, purpose, counsel, advice, wisdom
consillium, -ii

N.
semper
always
English to Latin:

head; leader; life; heading; chapter
caput, capitis

M.
a, ab
away from, from
English to Latin:

rumour, report; fame, reputation
fama, -ae

F.
down from, from; concerning, about
de
form, shape; beauty
forma, -ae

F.
among
apud (+acc.)
English to Latin:

goddess, god
dea, -ae
(dat. & abl. pl. = deabus)
F.

deus, -i
(voc. sg. = deus; nom. pl. = di; dat. & abl. pl. = dis)
M.
force, power, violence

What is different about this noun?
vis, vis

F.

i-stem nound: completely irregular, must memorize: vis, (vis), (vi), vim, vi, vires, virium, viribus, vires, viribus
glory, fame
gloria, -ae

F.
sign, signal
signum, -i

N.
English to Latin:

excuse
excusatio, -onis

F.
sister
soror, sororis

F.
English to Latin:

song, poem
carmen, carminis

N.
feeling, thought, opinion
sententia, -ae

F.
Latin to English:

exitium, -ii
N.
destruction, ruin
suffering, patience, endurance
patientia, -ae

F.
peace
pax, pacis

F.
Latin to English:

clementia, -ae

F.
clemency
marriage
matrimonium, -ii

N.
English to Latin:

daughter
filia, -ae
(dat. & abl. pl. = filiabus)

F.
cloud

What is different about this noun?
nubes, nubis

i-stem noun: nubes, nubis, nubi, nubem, nube, nubes, nubium, nubibus, nubes, nubibus
English to Latin:

author
auctor, auctoris

M.
Latin to English:

divitiae, -arum
F. Plural
riches, wealth
ius, iuris

N.
right, justice, law
Latin to English:

cupiditas, cupdidatis

F.
desire, longing, passion, avarice
oculus, -i

M.
eye
English to Latin:

woman
femina, -ae

F.
nature
natura, -ae

F.
English to Latin:

kiss
basium, -ii

N.
moderation
modus, -i

M.
English to Latin:

consul
consul, consulis

M.
enough, sufficiently

What is unusual about this noun?
satis

indeclinable.
English to Latin:

state, citizenship
civitas, civitatis

F.
king
rex, regis

M.
English to Latin:

fault, blame
culpa, -ae

F.
hour, time
hora, -ae

F.
English to Latin:

sky, heaven
caelum, -i

N.
reckoning, account; reason, judgement, consideration
ratio, rationis

F.
English to Latin:

citizen
civis, civis

M. and F.
nation
natio, nationis

F.
Latin to English:

benevolentia, -ae
F.
benevolence
anger
ira, -ae

F.
English to Latin:

war
bellum, belli

N.
unsoundness, insanity
insania, -ae

F.
English to Latin:

water
aqua, -ae

F.
name
nomen, nominis

N.
English to Latin:

care, attention, caution, anxiety
cura, -ae

F.
fortune, luck
fortuna, -ae

F.
nothing

What is different about this noun?
nihil

It is indeclinable.
schoolmaster
schoolmistress
magister, magistri
M.

magistra, magistrae
F.
death
mors, mortis

F.
number
numerus, -i

M.
the people, a people, nation
populus, -i

M.
gate, entrance
porta, -ae

F.
dislike
invidia, -ae

F.
labor, laboris

M.
labor, work, toil
mother
mater, matris

F.
writer
scriptor, scriptoris

M.
no one, nobody
nemo, nullius, nemini, neminem, nullo, nulla

M. or F.
disease, sickness
morbus, -i

M.
ambush, plot, treachery
insidiae, -arum (pl.)

F.
fatherland, native land
patria, -ae

F.
sailor

What is unusual about this noun?
nauta, -ae

M.

Masculine first-declension noun.
doctor, physician
medicus, -i
M.

medica, -ae
F.
circle, orb

Is this an i-stem noun?
orbis, orbis

M.

I don't know, I'll have to check. It fits the parisyllabic rule.
officium, -ii

N.
duty, service
sea

What is different about this noun?
mare, maris

N.

i-stem noun: mare, maris, mari, mare, mari, maria, marium, maribus, maria, maribus
arrow
sagitta, -ae

F.
father
pater, patris

M.
ors, oris

N.
mouth, face
memoria, -ae

F.
memory, recollection
littera, -ae

F.
letter of the alphabet
place, passage in literature
locus, loci

M.
girl
puella, -ae

F.
the common people
plebs, plebis

F.
penalty, punishment

How do you say "to pay the penalty"?
poena, -ae

F.

"poenas dare"
danger, risk
periculum, -i

N.
old age
senectus, senectutis

F.
praise, glory
laus, laudis

F.
liberty
libertas, libertatis

F.
little book
libellus, -i

M.
road, way
iter, itineris

N.
money
pecunia, -ae

F.
part, share; direction
pars, partis

F.
places, region
loca, -orum

N. (plural)
book
liber, libri

M.
delay
mora, -ae

F.
boy
puer, pueri

M.
chief, prince
princeps, -cipis

M.
cure, remedy
remedium, -ii

N.
litterae, -arum

F.
a letter, literature
wheel
rota, -ae

F.
wisdom
sapientia, -ae

F.
sun
sol, solis

M.
ibi
there
leisure, peace
otium, -ii

N.
si
if
mos, moris
M.

mores, morum
pl.
habit, custom, manner

habits, character