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21 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Eysenck's theory
factor analysis to derive his three superfactors: extraversion, neutoticism, psychoticism
extraversion
outgoing versus shy
neuroticism
emotional stability
psychoticism
aggression
Big 5 neo scale
emotional stability, extroversion, openness, agreeableness, conscientiosness
emotional stability (neurotism)
calm vs ancious
openness
imaginative vs practical
agreeableness
helpful vs uncoopertive
conscientiosness (dependablity)
organized vs disorganized
attribution theory
addresses how we go about explaining behavior (our own and others)
attributional biases
cognitive shortcuts for determing attribution generaly occurs outside our awarness
fundamental attribution error
a strong tendancy to overestimate the role of dispositions when explaining another person's behavior
self serving bias
a person's inclination to attribute her own failures to external caouse and success to internal cause but the exact reverse for others
Jean Piaget
sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete, formal operations
sensorimotor (0-2)
failure of object permanence, incapable of thinking about object
preoreational (2-7)
symbolic thought, failure of conservation
concrete (7-11)
difficulty with dealing with hypothetical, counterfactual logic
formal operations (11 +)
fluidity with abstraction, hypothesis, counterfactuals, ect
developing a theory of the mind
develops at 4 years
physical word "reality"
mental world "TOM"
egocentrism
characteristic of children 5 years old
failure to appreciate others point of view
curse of knowledge
tendency to overestimate the extent to which others share our knowledge (or lack there of) viz egocentricism