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129 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Specific hardware is associated with each of the five computer operations
input, processing, output, storage, and communications
PCs are computers designed to be shared by a group of users at a time. T or F
False
It is possible to run a program via the Internet without installing it on your computer. T of F
True
Desktop computers usually conform to one of three standards: PC compatible, Macintosh or UNIX T or F
False
Networks that cover samll geographical area are called logical area networks. T or F
False
It is becoming possible to have a smart home in which the household is controlled by a main home computer. T or F
True
The macintosh is made by Apple, uses the Windows operating system and is traditionally the computer of choice for artists. T or F
False
Mainframes usually poperate 24 hours a day, serving thousands of users connected to the mainframe T or F
True
The main processing device for a computer system is the associated processing unit. T or F
False
ISP computers are continually connected to the Internet, so once users connect their ISPs, they ahve access to the entire Internet. T or F
True
A mobile communications deviced is loosely defined as a very small device, usually based on an Ethernet Card. T or F
False
To represent text-based data, special binary coding systems were developed. T or F
False
ASCII is a universal coding system taht can be used regardless of the language or alphabet bign used. T or F
False
Optical mark readers input data from special forms to score or tall exams, questionnaires. T or F
True
Processin gspeed is the only factor thatat affects computer performance. T or F
False
RAM is volatile, which means taht the data placedd there is removed when it is no longer needed. T or F
True
All data in RAM remains when the poser to the PC is turned off. T or F
False
Generally, the more data a register can contain at one time, the faster th CPU is. T or F
True
A permanent copy of the output on paper is called a hard copy. T or F
True
The data on a CD-Rom or DVD-Rom can be erased, changed or added to. T or F
False
Recordable DVDs have not yet reafched a single shadard so there are competing formats taht are not necessarily compatible with each other or will all DVD devices. T or F
True
With the dxception of computers designed to use only network storage devices, virually all PCs come with a hard drive that is used to store most programs and date. T or F
True
Similar to floppy drives, hard drives store data magnetically, their disks are organized into tracks, sectors adn clusters. T or F
True
Hard drives are slower than removable-media systems. T or F
False
Most flash memory drives are designed to be very porable and so are small enough to fit in the pocket or carried on a keychain. T or F
True
Once a file is sored inside a folder, it cannot be moved to another folder. T or F
False
Most last printers use just black toner poweder, though relatively expensive color last printers are available. T or F
True
PCs with handwring recognition capbilites can accept hand-written text as editable text input. T or F
True
A remarkable characteristic o fgthe Internet is that it is not owned by any person or orgainiztation, and no single person or organization is in charge. T or F
True
The W3C and Internet Society are involved with such issues as establishing the protocols used on the Internet, making recommendcations for charges, encouraging cooperation between and coordinating communication among the networks connected the Internet. T or F
True
When a hyperlink is clicked, the appropriate Web page is displayed only if the new page is located on the same server as the orginal page. T or F
False
IP adddresses are NOT unique. T or F
False
Much like email and discussion groups, chat participants don't have to be online at the same time to carry on typed conversation. T or F
False
Because there is no single IM standard at the present time, you and yoru buddies much used the same instant messaging systems in order to exchange instant message. T or F
True
Currently, online purchases can only be paid for using a credit card. T or F
False
On many sites, stock price data is delayed 20 minutes, but some brokers offer real-time quotes. T or F
True
ONe of the fastest growing new uses for workplace computing is in the________industry
service
________ languages such as HTML indicate where text, images, hyperlinks, and other elements on a Web page should be displayed and how they should look by the use of special codes called tags taht are inserated in the appropriate locations in the Web page documents.
Markup
ISP stands for ________ service provider
Internet
The Internet is technically a network of networks because it is comprised of thousands of networks taht can all access each other via the main _______ infrastructure of the Internet.
backbone
A desktop PC can have a desktop case, where the monitor sits on top of the system unit, which in turn is located on the desk's surface, or a _________ tower case taht is typically placed on the floor.
tower
_________ computers can use either a slate or converitble design..
Handheld
________ includes all the physical parts of the computer, such as the keyboard, screen, and printer.
hardware
_________ is the study of unique, measurable biological characteristics, such as fingerprints, irises, faces, voices
Biometrics
The term _______ refers to the programs or instructions used to tell the hardware in the computer system what to do.
Software
URLs refers to __________
hyperlinks
WAN stands for _______ area network
Wide
To present numbers and perform math computations using only 0s and 1s, computers use the ______ numbering systems.
binary
_________ printers form images by spraying tiny drops of ink onto the page.
Ink-jet
The _________ consists of a variety of circuitry and components contained in a single unit that is plugged directly into the motherboard
central processing unit
RAM stands for ________ access memory
random
Whatever is stored in ROM ______ be changed or erased
cannot
CRT stands for ________-ray tube
cathode
Regardless otf the technology used, the screen of a display device is divided into a fine grid of small areas or dots called _________
pixels
The altered spots on the surface of a optical disc are called _______
pits
ROM stands for _________ only memory
read
IP stands for internet
protocol
Typical download speeds for cable and DSL internet area about 1.5 _________
mbps
All home and office PCs with direct Inernet connection should use a ________ program
firewall
Direct Inernet connections are typically ________ connections
broadband
DSL stands for Digital __________ line
Subscriber
_________ Internet access requires a cable modem
Cable
_________ learning is a fast-growing alternative to traditional classroom learnign where students participate from remote locations, instead of at the educational insitutions
distance
__________ are small self-serivice booths providing information or otehr services to the public.
kiosks
A ________ can be defined as a programmab le electronic device that accepts data.
computer
The progression of input, processing, output and storage is sometimes referred to as the information _________ cycle
processing
________ can be defined as an input or output operation, depending on whcih direction the information is flowing.
comminication
The ____ is considered by man y to be the earliest recorded calculating device
abacus
________ appliances--traditional appliances with some type of computer or communications technology built in--are becoming more commonplace.
smart
Various types of ______ exist, which are temporary holding places where the computer can store data and instructions when it is working with them.
memory
_____________devices allow users to communicate electronically with others, such as over the Internet or through a school or company network
communications
The _________ is the case that contains the CPU, memory, the power supply, disk drives, and all other internal hardware.
system unit
The ___________ iperating system is the main program in teh collection of software that allows a computer to operate.
operating
Conventional PCs are often referrred to as ________ computers because th complete system fits on or under a desk.
desktop
A computer __________ ties computers together so taht users can share hardware, software, and data as wall as electronically comminicate with each other.
network
___________ servers, called minicomputers or minis in past years, are medium-sized computers used to host programs and data for small networks.
midrange
Eigh bits are collectively referred to as ______
byte
An input ________ is any piece of hardware that is used to perform data input
device
___________ mice are completely sealed and track movements with ligh instead of a ball
optical
Most electronic pens today are in the form of a ___________ which is a cordless electronic pen that looks similar to a ballpoint pen.
stylus
MIDI stands for ________ Instrumetn Digital Interface
Musical
Clock speed is fated in _____ which is billions of ticks per second.
GHz
The main circuit board inside the system unit is called the ___________
motherboard
In addition to being classified by name, CPUs also come in a variety of processing speeds, also known as ________ speeds
clock
_________ refers to chip-based storage used by the computer.
memory
_______ memory is spechial group of fast memory chips located inside or close to the CPU chip. It is used to speed up processing by soring the most frequently and recently used data and instructions.
cache
Storage devices can be internal, external or ________
remote
All storage systems consist of a storage device and a storage __________
medium
Because CD's and DVDs are optical discs ______ beam is used to record data onto and read data from them.
laser
__________tages consist of tiny chips and radio antennae that can store and transmit data.
RFID
________ card is a credit-card sized piece of plastic that contains some computer circuitry, typically a processor, memory and storage.
smart
All software programs have user __________ that allows a user to interact with the program.
interface
Blu-ray and AOD are ________ formats that support the recording of high-definition content such as HDTV
HD-DVD
Web pages are displayed with a software program called a Web _______
browser
_________ are graphics or text that, when clicked with the mouse, display other Web pages.
hyperlinks
When a hyperlink is clicked, the appropriate Web page is displayed only if the new page is located on the same server as the orginal page. T or F
False
IP adddresses are NOT unique. T or F
False
Much like email and discussion groups, chat participants don't have to be online at the same time to carry on typed conversation. T or F
False
Because there is no single IM standard at the present time, you and yoru buddies much used the same instant messaging systems in order to exchange instant message. T or F
True
Currently, online purchases can only be paid for using a credit card. T or F
False
The most common type of Internet addresses are ________ addresses and domain names
IP
A ________ resource locator, or URL, uniquely idenitifies a web page.
uniform
Internet _________ is the process of placing telephone calls over the internet
telephoney
___________ refers to performing any type of financial transaction online, such as paying a phone bill
E-commerce
It is a good idea to install a _____- program on your PC and sit it up to scan all email messages, attachments and files before they are downloaded to make sure they are virus-free
Antivirus
Many Web sites post ________ policy, which states what they intend to do with any personal data submitted to the site.
privacey
Unlike dial-up connections taht connect to your ISP only when you need to access the Internet, _______ connections keeps you continually connected to your provider.
direct
A group of programs designed to be used in conjunction with one anyother
software suite
programs or instructions used to tell teh hardware in a computer system what to do
software
the largest and most well known computer network in the world
internet
Special text or images linked to other web pages taht can be clicked to display the corresponding web page
hyperlink
one of the first recorfded counting devices
abacus
the actual physical equipment that makes up the computer system
hardware
Usedc to connect individual computers and related devices so taht user can share hardware, software, and data as well as communicate with one another
computer network
computer designed to be used by one person at a time
PCs
Computers tahta rea about the size of a paperback book or a pocket calculator
handheld computers
computers that can have either a slate or convertible design
tablet computers
raw facts
data
organized and meaningful data
information
another name for microprocessor
CPU
group of chips that are also attached to the motherboard and provide temporary storage for th PC to use
RAM
The name for the part of a storage system where the data is actually stored, such as a floppy disk or CD
storage medium
used to locate Web sites containing the information you are seeking
serach site
special etiquette rules for online behavior
netiquette
the rightmost part of the domain name
top-level domain
a collection of categories into which web pages are classified
directory
This type of Internet access allows faster data transmission over standard telphone lines than both conventional dial-up and ISDN connections, and uses a technology that doesn't tie up your telephone line
DSL
the protocol typically used to display Web pages
hypertext transfer protocol
Jessica _______
Ricketts