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30 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Hispanic americans
speak spanish
luso/lusitanic
portuguese people that live in the US
mestizaje
race mixture
Patria chica
idea that indigenous identity was based on city-state and provinces
caudillo
a political military leader at the head of an authoritarian power
debt peonage
means of paying off loans with direct labor instead of currency or goods
jibaros
peruvian tribe that dwell in rainforests
ejidos
the government promotion of the use of communal land shared by the people of the community
ladino
various socio-ethnic categories in latin and central america
latifundia
pieces of landed property covering trmendous areas
positivism
states that the only authentic knowledge is scientific knowledge, and that such knowledge can only come from posititive affirmation of theories through strict scientific method
cientificos
technocratic advisors to Porfirio Diaz
Guardia Rurales
a police force, 1861-1914
Decena Tragica
1913, a battle and series of events in Mexico City during the Mexican Revolution, finished in a coup d' etat, and the murder of President Madero and VP Suarez
Cristero Revolt
1926-1929, an uprising against the anti-Catholic Mexican government
ISI
a trade and economic policy, substitute products which a country imports with locally produced substitutes
periphery countries
developING, primary goods
core countries
developED, manufactured goods
inward looking development
promote local industrial development, heavy government regulations (opposite of free trade)
tariff
import tax
la decada perdida
"the lost decade," the financial period of crisis in Latin America during the 80's characterized by foreign debt and poverty
Prebisch/Singer Thesis
states that the terms of trade between primary products and manufactured goods tend to deteriorate over time
free trade
trade is unhindered by government-imposed restrictions (no taxes or tariffs)
informal economy
market income category where certain types of income and their generation are "unregulated by the institutions of society"
la matanza
a brief peasant-led uprising in 1932
populism
philosophy that purports to defend the interests of the common people against a corrupt elite
canudos
loyal supporters of Antonio Conselheiro
cofradia
religious brotherhood devoted to saints
campiseno
indegenous and mesticos, rural people who work in agriculture and have low income
cruzob
mayan rebels