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141 Cards in this Set

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Typeof survey that is made for the purpose of supplying a title company and lender with a survey and location data necessary for issuing the title or mortgage insurance
Title Insurance Coverage Survey
Survey conducted to locate and/or investigate surface/subsurface archeological ruins
Archeological Survey
Survey that established the true boundary corners and property lines of a parcel of land
Boundary Survey
Survey that is the original survey, resurvey, or retracement of public lands with the Public Lands Survey System of the United States for restoration or property lines
Cadastral Survey
Survey with measurements made prior ro or while construction is in progress to control elevation, horizontal position, dimensions, and configuration for buildings, fences, roads, etc. A surveyor would set stakes for proper location, elevation, and relative placement of most types of infrastructure improvements.
Construction Survey
Survey that provides recise locations of horizontal and vertical positions of points for use in boundary determination, mapping for aerial photographs, construction staking, or other needs.
Control Survey
Survey that determines the elevation of various sections of a building or land. Typically used to aid in building plans and to determine if a property is in a flood zone
Elevations or Floodplain Survey
Survey that takes into account the curvature of the earth and astronomic observations - uses a coordinate system for located points on the earth - used on large scale planning projects
Geodetic Survey
A system of numerous earth orbiting satellites that can be used to determine to location of a receiver or station
Global Positioning System (GPS)
Survey of landed property establishing or re-establishing length and directions of boundary lines - land boundaries are usually defined by ownership from earliest to current partitions
Land Survey
A transit in which a laser is mounted over the sighting telescope to project a clearly visible narrow beam into a small target at a survey site
Laser Transmit
Minor adjustment of a boundary line in order to transfer land between adjacent property owners
Lot Line Adjustment (Boundary Line Adjustment)
Survey needed for the division of an existing parcel of land into two or more parcels . Includes a plat of new parcels and the legal description to record the split.
Lot Split Survey
Survey that combines boundary and topography surveys for the preparation of a site plan
Site Plan Survey (Lot Survey, or Plot Plan Survey)
A time honored land surveying method of describing land in terms of shape and boundary dimensions - type of legal description of lot
Metes and Bounds
Survey where the curvature of the earth is usually negated. Used to develop cadastral maps.
Plane Survey
Survey that obtains measurements of quantities, usually in conjunction with a construction process, earthwork, etc
Quantity Survey
Survey that locates structures and improvements to a property - usually for mortgage purposes
As-Built Survey
Survey of a "registered" (Torrens-Tile) land usually done to shorten the lengthy legal description or divide larger parcels of "Torrens-Tile" land into smaller tracts
Registered Land Survey (RLS)
Survey that notes the subdivision of a tract of land into smaller parcels
Subdivision Survey
Survey that locates natural and man-mad features such as buildings, fences, elevations, land contours, trees, streams etc.
Topographic Survey
What is shown on all quadrangle maps prepared by the US Geological Survey (USGS)
UTM Grid
What are the three main types of maps
7.5-minute quadrangle maps (1:24000; 1:25000 scales)
15-minute quadrangle maps (1:50000; 1:62500 scales)
Standard Edition (1:63360 scale)
Grid lines are spread at what interval in metric drawings?
1000 meters
What is True North?
Directional line between any position on Earth to the True North Pole
What is Magnetic North?
The direction of the Magnetic North Pole - shown as north on a compass.
Diference between one contour line and the next
Contour Interval
Indicated by closely space contours
Cliff
Indicated by a circular contour with lines radiating to the center
Depressions
Less closely space contours
Gentle Slope
Contours that form a V-Shape pointing down a hill
Ridges
Closely spaced contours
Steep Slopes
Circular contours culminating in a high point
Summit
V-shaped contours that point up a hill
Valleys
TBD
Bearing Capacity
TBD
Porosity
TBD
Stability
TBD
Erodibility
TBD
Fertility
TBD
Acidity (pH)
TBD
Aspect
The removal of elimination of a problem, nuisance, or other disturbance especially of public health and safety significance.
Abatement
Street that generally has two or more moving lates, traffic signals, may be designated as truck or bus routes, and is intended to serve traffic moving through an area
Arterial Street
Principal street within a network for the provision of both intercity and intracity traffic movement
Major Arterial Street
Secondary street within a network for the purpose of traffic movement between neighborhoods or other aras within the city
Minor Arterial Street
Areas determined by the local government and state and regional entities which allow for the adoption of land development regulations, density requirements, and special permitting requirements.
Areas of State Critical Concern
Local regulations that control design, construction, and materials ised in construction. Based of health and safety standards
Building Codes
An authorization issued by a local government agency allowing the construction of a project according to approved plans and specifications
Building (Construction) Permit
A written agreement between two or more parties that pledges to perform or not perform specified acts with regard to property: usually found in deeds, mortgages, leases and contracts for deed.
Covenant
A written instrument used to transfer title to property, such as a deed
Conveyance
Dead end street with only one inlet and turnaround area
Cul-de-sac
Document that transfers ownership of real estate
Deed
Legal document that conveys title to real property to a 3rd party
Deed of Trust
Transfers to the grantee any and all of the legal rights the grantor has in the parcel of real property. Used to clear discrepancies on the deed such as a misspelled name
Quit Claim Deed
Statistical study of the characteristics of human populations, such as size, growth, density, distribution, and vital statistics as well as how populations change over times due to births, deaths, migration and aging.
Demography
The average number of people, families, or housing units on one unit of land. Also described in dwelling units per acre.
Density
Public document used by governmental agency to analyze the significant environmental effects of a proposed project
Environment Impact Report (EIR)
A legal right or permission, given a person or entity limited use of another's property such as the right of a utility company to run power lines through your property
Easement
When an easement is held incident to ownership of some land such as running a drainage ditch through a neighbors yard
Easement Appurtenant
A grant by a property owner or another person for a specific use for a specific amount of time
Temporary Easement
A grant by a property owner to the public for an indefinite amount of time
Permanent Easement
A legal means of protecting beautiful views and associated aesthetic quality along a site by restricting change in existing features without government approval.
Scenic Easement
Federal, state, and local requirements for managing the nation's environmental health. A landscape architect would be concerned with sediment and erosion control and wetland and stream protection
Environmental Regulations
The boundary of a property that abuts a existing or dedicated public right of way, water body, or similar barrier
Frontage
A corridor comprised of natural vegetation with specific measures designed to mitigate fire, flood, and erosion hazard, land use planning, and development
Greenbelt / Greenway/ Green Corridor
A comparison of development proposal against environmental contraints or other conditions which determine the carrying capacity of a specific land area to accomodate development without adverse impacts
Intensity
What are the 9 land classifications according to the Sixteenth Section Lands?
Agricultural
Industrial
Commercial
Residential
Farm Residential
Recreational
Forest
Catfish Farming
Other
A set of decisions about how the land will be used and ways to achieve the desired use
Land Use Plan
What are the 4 components of a Land Use Plan?
Definition of goals
An ordering of land, human, and material resources
An explicit statement of the methods, organization, responsibilities and schedule to be used
Agreed targets
A general term for the vertical view corridor that might normally be 3" measured up or down from the height of the viewer's eyes
Line of Sight
Type of street that provides access to residences and businesses within a neighborhood
Local / Residential Street
Development that is created in response to patterns of separate uses that is typical in suburban areas necessitating reliance on cars. Includes multiple kinds of uses in one area
Mixed Use Development
A planning option of leaving a situation as it already exists
No Action / No Build Policy (Do Nothing Alternative, Null Alternative)
An area of land or water essentially unimproved that is designed or reserved for such purposes as preservation, recreation, farming, or educational opportunities
Open Space
The proportion of s site that is required to remain as open space and may be used for recreation, agriculture, and resource protection
Open Space Ratio (OSR)
Formal legislative enactment by the government that must not conflict with a higher form of law
Ordinance
A project or subdivision that consists of common property and improvements that are owned and maintained by an owner's association for the benefit and use of individual units within a project. In order to qualify, the owners must require automatic, non-severable membership for each individual owner and provide for mandatory assessments.
Planned Unit Development (PUD) (Cluster Housing)
The right of the government to enforce laws for the public welfare such as building codes and zoning.
Police Powers
The number of people in a given area
Population Density
Determines how an area is being used and developed and how such property can be used in the future on a large scale
Regional Land Use
Publicly owned space for current o future facilites
Right of Way (ROW)
Space dedicated to public use in a subdivision plat that must be constructed under permit issed by the governing body and comply with regulations
New Roadway Right of Way or Dedicated Right of Way
area of real property in which the an area has been dedicated as public use
Public Right of Way
Minimum horizontal distance required between the lot line or right of way and the nearest point of a building, structure, or improvement located or to be located on property
Setback
A setback at a street or driveway intersection that restricts view-obstructing objects at a driver's line of sight for a specific distance based on the streets design speed
Sight-Line Triangle
A legal tool for detailed design and implementation of a defined portion of an area covered by a General Plan.
Specific Area Plan (SAP)
Space between the buildings and either side of the street
Streetscape
Tract of land divided byt he owner into blocks, building lots, and streets according to a recorded plat
Subdivision
Procedures, requirements, and provisions governing the splitting of land
Subdivision Rules and Regulations
Development with the goal of preserving environmental quality, natural resources, and livability for present and future generations
Sustainable Development
A check of title records to make sure that the legal owner selling a property doesn't have any liens, overdue spacial assessments, of other claims or covenants that would adversely affect the market value.
Title Search or Examination
Allows property owners to sell development rights to their property while retaining ownership of the land itself
Transfer of Development Rights
Means a modification or waiving of the provisions of code as applied to specific property
Variance
legislative process that classifies land in a community into different areas and districts that affect dimension, design, placement and density.
Zoning
Federal agency that includes the National Park Service and Bureau of Land Management. Employs more landscape architects than any federal agency
Department of the Interior
Federal agency responsible for administering and enforcing federal environmental laws including the Clean Air Act, The Clean Water Act, and the Endangered Species Act.
Environmental protection Agency (EPA)
Provides quality responsible engineering services to the nation including building civil works like flood control, and disaster response.
Army Corp of Engineers
Federal agency in charge of administering the National Flood Insurance Program
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
agency in charge of providing wildlife conservation enforcement and allows for surveys and investigations of wildlife to be conducted in the public domain.
Fish and Wildlife Service
Primary federal law governing water pollution that makes it illegal to discharge any pollution without a permit. Provides federal funding for construction of sewage treatment plants.
Federal Water Pollution Act of 1972 (FWPCA) (Clean Water Act)
A 1977 amendement to the 1972 FWPCA that emphasizes the control of toxic pollutants as well as establishes the responsibility of clean water to individual states.
Clean Water Act
Permitting system used by the Clean Water Act that controls water pollution by regulating point and non-point sources that discharge pollutants into water
National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES)
Governs how animal and plant species whose populations are dangerously in decline will be protected and recovered
Endangered Species Act
Legislation enacted to ensure the integration of natural and social sciences and environmental design in the planning and decision making of federal projects or projects on federal lands
National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)
Regulates the treatment of water for human consumption. Requires testing for and elimination of contaminants
Safe Drinking Water Act
Legislation that authorizes states and local agencies to carry out works of improvement for soil conservation and for other purposes including flood prevention, conservation, development, utilization and disposal of water
Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act (PL 83-566)
Amendment to the federal Safe Drinking Water Act in 1986 that minimizes the potential for contamination of public ground water supplies
Wellhead Protection Program
A survey technique that describes an area of land by means of a series of connected lines. It may be either open or closed depending on what is being surveyed
Traverse
Method of measurements that are a way of determining a distance based on the height observations of a 6 ft. object
Stadia Measurements
An act of determining the elevations of certain points or arbitrary points. Typically done to determine the topography of a site
Leveling
Process for taking vertical measurements and is typically used on extremely hilly sites
Chaining
Process by which a surveyor references a known point such as a curb or building floor elevation. Done during the process of leveling to check accuracy
Backsighting
The process that surveyors use to determine a new point and elevation when they are looking through an instrument
Foresighting
In what kinda of surveying are the areas so small that taking into account the curvature of the earth is negligable
Plane Surveying
Will provide information on which city services are to be upgraded, repaired, or constructed
Capital Improvement Plan
______ are measures north and south of a baseline and ______ are measured east and west of a prime meridian
Townships, Ranges
A plant condition caused by an iron deficiency - either because there is iron missing from the soil or because the iron is tied up and unavailable to the plants roots
Chlorosis
How are sections ordered and numbered?
Top to bottom - right to left then left to right and so on
How many acres are in a section?
640
The ability of soil to become deformed without breaking apart
Plasticity
Study of the physical features of the Earth's surface
Physiography
The availability of organisms or tissues to function only with the presence of oxygen
Aerobic
General term for the sediments laid down in river beds, flood plains and lakes, fans at mountains, and estuaries
Alluvial
Soil that is devoid of interstitial oxygen - this happens often in wetland conditions because the constant presence of water limits contact with the atmosphere.
Anaerobic soil
The angle between the horizontal and maximum slope that a soil assumes through natural processes
Angle of Repose
The measure of the load per area unit that a material can withstand before failure
Bearing Capacity
Resistance to a crushing of buckling force - the maximum load a specimen can sustain divided by its original cross-sectional area
Compressive Strength
Type of soil with characteristics resulting from prolonged saturation and chemically reducing conditions such as occurs under anaerobic conditions
Hydric Soil (Soil with lack of interstitial oxygen - anaerobic)
The point at which a soil acts like a liquid, typically under earthquake conditions
Liquefaction
A mixture of two of more soil ingredients
Loam
Soil having the properties determined predominantly bymineral matter - usually contains less than 20% organic matter
Mineral Soil
Plant and animal residue in the soil at various stages of decomposition - source of nitrogen and other nutrients for crops
Organic Matter
The movement of water through a porous subject such as soil
Percolation
The ability of a solid to hold together under pressure from a downhill force.
Shear Strength
Slope that curves outward like the outside surface of a ball
Convex Slope
Slope that curves inward the inside surface of a ball
Concave Slope
Slope that is like a tilted flat surface
Plane Slope
What level of pH is considered a strong alkaline?
over 8.5 pH
What level of pH is considered a strong acidic?
below 5.5 pH
What is Sight Distance?
The length of road clearly visible to a driver
What is a Sight Triangle?
An area of oncoming traffic that should be clearly visible to the driver stopped at an intersection