Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

59 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
common noun
a noun that refers to any of a class of people or things
singer and place
proper noun
the name of a specific person or thing, normally beginning with a capital letter and not used with the indefinite article or a modifier
York, Sally, or Henderson
Possessive Noun
word derived from a noun and expressing possession of a thing
My, hers, or Jane's
Personal Pronoun
a pronoun expressing a distinction of person
I, we, they, he, she, you
First Person Pronoun
I, we
Second Person Pronoun
Third Person Pronoun
He, she, they, it
the category of nouns serving as the grammatical subject of a verb
in or relating to the grammatical form case that identifies a noun or pronoun as the object of a verb
indicating grammatical ownership
his, her
the word class that qualifies nouns
blue, dull
determiner that may indicate the specificity of reference of a noun phrase
the, a
action verb
a word belonging to the part of speech that is the center of the predicate and which describes an act or activity
run, walk, sit
linking verb
an equating verb that links the subject with the complement of a sentence
be, become
helping verb
an informal term for an auxiliary verb, which combines with a main verb to help it express tense, mood, and voice
be, do, have, can, may, will, shall
present tense
a verb tense that expresses actions or states at the time of speaking
she writes, she is writing
past tense
A verb tense used to express an action or a condition that occurred in or during the past
While she was sewing, he read aloud, was sewing
future tense
a verb tense that expresses actions or states in the future
will write, will read
the word class that qualifies verbs or clauses
a function word that combines with a noun or pronoun or noun phrase to form a prepositional phrase that can have an adverbial or adjectival relation to some other word
under, in, around, near
the uninflected form of the verb
to go, to be
complete subject
one of the two main constituents of a sentence; the grammatical constituent about which something is predicated
Then she (in Then she was reading silently.)
complete predicate
one of the two main constituents of a sentence; the predicate contains the verb and its complements
was reading silently(in Then she was reading silently.)
simple subject
the main noun in the complete subject
She (in Then she was reading silently.)
simple predicate
the action in the predicate
was reading (in Then she was reading silently.)
transitive verb
a verb that requires an object in order to be grammatical
intransitive verb
a verb that does not take an object
prepositional phrase
a phrase beginning with a preposition
under the counter
Adjective prepositional phrase
a prepositional phrase that modifies a noun
adverb prepositional phrase
a prepositional phrase that modifies a verb
simple sentence
sentence having no coordinate clauses or subordinate clauses
The dog ran.
compound sentence
a sentence composed of at least two coordinate independent clauses
The sky darkened and the wind howled
complex sentence
a sentence composed of at least one main clause and one subordinate clause
This is an independent clause, whereas this is a dependent clause.
compound-complex sentence
A sentence consisting of at least two coordinate independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses.
The lightning flashed (independent clause) and the rain fell (independent clause) as he entered the house (dependent clause).

declarative sentence
a sentence (in the indicative mood) that makes a declaration
I need the mail.
interrogative sentence
sentence of inquiry that asks for a reply
Will you go get the mail?
exclamatory sentence
shows strong feeling. Declarative, imperative, or interrogative sentences can be made into exclamatory sentences by punctuating them with an exclamation point
Go get the mail!
imperative sentence
gives a command or makes a request
Get the mail.
proofreading marks
symbols used to edit writing
^ or underlining 3 times
writing that is designed to convince an audience
a newspaper article that is written to persuade the reader.
a topic given to the reader
thesis statement
includes the main idea
counter point/counter argument
the opposing side of the argument
audience awareness
knowing and understanding how to communicate with the person who is reading your writing
copying ideas from someone else even when you put the ideas in your own words without siting your source
a form of persuasion
the person, book, or article where you got your information to support your argument
giving credit to the source of your information
writing task
the role, form, purpose, and audience for your writing
the character or position of the person writing the persuasive piece
the structure a writer uses to persuade his/her audience
the persosns or persons reading the writing
an objective, effect, or result aimed
the first secionof the essay that establishesand mantains focus on a subject; includes thesis statement
the section of the essay where the writerdevelops support for their argument
the section where you can share a lesson learned, reminding the audience of somethingyou want them to believe/do and telling them why your opinion would be the best choice.
a point or matter of discussion, debate, or dispute, has at least two views.
point of view/position
an attitude or standpoint, ho one sees or thinks of something, stance