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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Syntax
surface structure, how a word looks. Also, the rules by which words are combined
phomemes
the most basic unit of sound
what do you get when you add phonemes together?
morphemes ie( ball, hat, mat, stick)
Noam chomsky
To make use of the finite number of words in our vocalulary , we have to understand the patterning that underlies their combination.
What are some of the social learning processes involved in language acquisition?
Motherese
Operant conditioning
modeling
definitional theory
words are organized in our minds like they are in dictionaries
we associate bachelor with nodes of meaning like adult, single and male.
prototype theory
the meaning of a word is described by a set of features, but not necessarily a sufficient set.
pragmatics of language
characteristics like proximics, gestures, nonverbals, and vocalizations.
Sapir Whorf hypothesis
The nature of the language influences the habitual thought of the speakers. ie, eskimo has 14 different words for snow, and so they can think about snow much differently than we do.
Language acquisition device
Noam Chompsky said that children have an innate ability to learn language and no operant conditioning is needed
Semantic Priming
It is easier to remember 'doctor' if it is paired with 'nurse' than if it is paired with 'oyster'
parenting styles
warm restrictive = authoritative
warm permissive = permissive
hostile permissive = neglecting
hostile restrictive = authoritarian
prosocial behavior
empathy
natural giving behavior
transsexual
look man feel woman
intersex
ambiguous genitalia
Erikson's psychosocial stages
2-3 autonomy vs. shame
13-20 identity vs role confustion