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25 Cards in this Set

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linguistics
The study of the nature, structure, and variation of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, sociolinguistics, and pragmatics
metaphor
A figure of speech in which a word or phrase that ordinarily designates one thing is used to designate another, thus making an implicit comparison
mood/tone
Manner of expression in speech or writing
objective
Having actual existence or reality
paradox
A seemingly contradictory statement that may nonetheless be true
parallelism
The use of identical or equivalent syntactic constructions in corresponding clauses or phrases
parody
A literary or artistic work that imitates the characteristic style of an author or a work for comic effect or ridicule
pathos
A quality, as of an experience or a work of art, that arouses feelings of pity, sympathy, tenderness, or sorrow
pedantic
Characterized by a narrow, often ostentatious concern for book learning and formal rules
prose
Ordinary speech or writing, without metrical structure
pun
A play on words, sometimes on different senses of the same word and sometimes on the similar sense or sound of different words
rationalism
Reliance on reason as the best guide for belief and action
rhetoric
The art or study of using language effectively and persuasively
satire
A literary work in which human vice or folly is attacked through irony, derision, or wit
semantics
The study or science of meaning in language; the study of relationships between signs and symbols and what they represent
soliloquy
A dramatic or literary form of discourse in which a character talks to himself or herself or reveals his or her thoughts without addressing a listener
style
The way in which something is said, done, expressed, or performed
subjective
Proceeding from or taking place in a person's mind rather than the external world
syntax
The pattern of formation of sentences or phrases in a language; the study of the rules whereby words or other elements of sentence structure are combined to form grammatical sentences
syllogism
A form of deductive reasoning consisting of a major premise, a minor premise, and a conclusion
symbol
Something that represents something else by association, resemblance, or convention, especially a material object used to represent something invisible
surrealism
A 20th-century literary and artistic movement that attempts to express the workings of the subconscious and is characterized by fantastic imagery and incongruous juxtaposition of subject matter
thesis
A hypothetical proposition, especially one put forth without proof; a proposition that is maintained by argument
transition
Passage from one form, state, style, or place to another
vernacular
The standard native language of a country or locality