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20 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Author's Purpose
Is his or her reason for creating a particular work. The purpose can be to entertain, to explain or inform, to express an opinion, or to persuade. An author may have more than one purpose for writing, but usually one is most important.
This is from of nonfiction in which a person tells the story of his or her life. Forms of of this are writings that include: personal narratives, journals, memoirs,diaries, letters, and oral histories.
This is the story of a person's life that is written by someone else. The subjects of biographies are often famous people.
Cause and Effect Relationship
Two events are related as cause and effect when one event brings about, or causes, the other. The event that happens first is the cause; the one that follows is the effect.
In the plot of a story or a play,this is the turning point or may be the point of maximum interest. The climax usually occurs toward the end of a story, after the reader has understood the conflict and become emotionally invoved with the characters. At the climax, the conflict is resolved and the outcome of the plot becomes clear.
The process of identifying similarites. Writers use comparisons to make ideas and details clearer to the reader. The writer may use metaphors and similies.
Compound Sentence
This is made up of two or more independent clauses joined together. A compound sentence does not contain any dependent clauses. Example:
Rita studied the tool, and her assistant took notes. (Independent clauses can be joined with a comma and a coordinating conjunction, a semicolor, or a conjunctive adverb preceded by a semicolon and followed by a comma.
Joins words or groups of words. (and, but, or, for, so, yet, nor.
The words that characters speak aloud are called dialogue. Writers use this to bring characters to life and to give readers insight into the characters' qualities, personality traits, and reactions to other characters. It is set off with quotation marks.
Main Idea
It is the most important point that a writer wishes to express. It can be the central idea of an entire work or a thought expressed in the topic sentence of a paragraph.
is a word with a meaning opposite that of another word.
a list of works of a specific author or publisher.
Business Letter
are more formal than personal letters and require a precise form. (heading, and inside address, a salutation, or greeting, a body or text, a closing.
Inside address
showing to whom the letter is being sent.
showing where the letter comes from and when.
Character Development
describing a character's physical characteristics, presenting a character's thought, speech and actions, depicting other characters' thoughts, speech and actions and making direct comments about a character's nature...
Context Clues
are hints or suggestions that may surround unfamiliar words or phrases and clarify their meaning. It can be a definition, a synonym, an example, a comparison, or contrast, or any other expression that enables readers to infer the word's meaning.
Coordinating Conjunction
connects retlated words, groups of words, or sentences. (and, but, or)
Demonstrative Pronoun
singles out one or more persons or things. (this boat)
Draws Conclusions
Combining several pieces of information to make an inference.