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34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
This type of rain is produced when fossil fuels are burned and produce oxides that react with sunlight and water.
Acid Rain
This is a birds eye or overhead view of something
Aerial View
Running water, wind, waves, gravity and glaciers; the 5 forces that cause erosion, are known as
Agents of erosion
Lower mantle that has the ability to flow
The bottom of a mountain or volcano
The type of seismic waves that occur in the body of the earth including primary and secondary waves
Body Waves
This happens when the rock is chemically attacked: An example of this is the breakdown of limestone by acid rain
Chemical Weathering
The belief that all continents were stuck together long ago
These are formed when plants or animals die and are immediately covered by sediment
The idea that the Earth's surface is made up of a series of large plates (like pieces of a giant jigsaw puzzle).
Plate Tectonics
The idea that continents can drift apart or together
Continental Drift
One plate collides with the other and moves beneath it
Subduction Zone
lithospheric plates move away from each other
Divergent Plates
lithospheric plates move toward each other
Convergent plates
plates slide past each other. The San Andreas fault in California is an example
Transform Plates
the sudden release of strain energy in the Earth's crust resulting in waves of shaking that radiate outwards from the source
The point where an earthquake starts
The point at the surface directly above the focus
This is based on the observed effects of ground shaking on people, buildings, and natural features
This is related to the amount of seismic energy released at the hypocenter of the earthquake.
This was created to measure the magnitude of earthquakes
The Richter Scale
This is an opening (or rupture) in the Earth's surface or crust, which allows hot, molten rock, ash, and gases to escape from deep below the surface
The outer shell of the Earth is called
The next layer is called the    
The next layer is the liquid
Outer Core
The middle bit is called the solid
Inner Core
is a physical action which breaks up rocks into smaller pieces
Physical Weathering
is when rocks are weakened and broken down by animals and plants
Biological Weathering
is a type of physical weathering which involves wearing down rocks usually by wind or water
Streams and rivers carry the small bits of sediment towards the sea (continually wearing down as they progress).
means that the sand and sediments in the sea eventually settle to the bottom. 
Layers of sediment are deposited at the bottom of seas and lakes.
Layers of sediment are deposited at the bottom of seas and lakes. These types of rocks usually have layers or bands across them and contain fossils
Sedimentary Rock
These rocks are created by extreme heat and pressure.
They do not melt
Metamorphic Rock
These rocks form when molten rock (Magma if it is below the surface or lava  if it has erupted from a volcano) solidifies and they contain minerals randomly arranged in crystals
Igneous Rocks