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49 Cards in this Set

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Land use color: Industry
Purple
Land user color: Low density Housing
Yellow
Land use color: High density housing
Brown
Land use color: Retail, commercial
Red
Land use color: Institutional, public
Blue
Land use color: recreation, natural resources
Green
Land use color: utilities
Gray
One map system
When the current and future land use maps have been combined and together function as both the master plan map and the regulatory zoning map
Land classification map
Divides a planning jurisdiction into different classes of land, more general than a land use plan
Orthophoto
an aerial photo that has been rectified and can be used to measure distance or overlay on maps
FEMA Flood Insurance Rate Maps
Show the boundaries of land that has at least a 1 percent chance of flooding in any given year
1 acre = ? sq ft
43,560
1 hectare = ? acres
2.471
1 mile = ? ft
5,280
1 sq mile = ? acres
640
FAR
the ratio of permitted floor area of a building in relation to the size of the lot
What is the FAR of a 12,000 sf building on a 1200 sf lot
10
Where/when was the first zoning ordinance
NYC, 1916, drafted by Edward Bassett
First urban growth boundary?
1958, Lexington and Fayette County, Kentucky
What is the Regional Survey of New York and its Environs and when was it published?
1928, viewed land use as a function of accessibility
Oregon Land Use Act
1973, created a state-wide planning system and required identification of urban growth boundaries separating urban from rural areas
Euclidian zoning
Typical approach to regulating land use; specifies exactly what uses will be allowed, does not allow for mix of uses
Alfred Bettman
Defended zoning before supreme court in Euclid v. Ambler Realty
Cumulative zoning
An older, hierarchical approach in which less intensive uses such as residences are allowed in areas of more intensive use, such as commercial districts
Noncumulative zoning
Allows only the stated use and not more restrictive (less intensive) uses
Form-based zoning
Regulates the size, form, appearance and placement of building rather than the use of the land and the density of development
Transect zoning
Describes development as a continuum of six zones from rural to urban and identifies standards for each
Performance zoning
Focuses on the intensity of development that is acceptable and its impact on the environment, doesn't deal with use
subdivision regulations
used to divid land into parcels and regulate the location and design of supporting infrastructure
downzoning
a confusing term because on thinks its rezoning that decreases the intensity of development, but it can sometimes mean the opposite as well
conditional use
not allowed as of right but permitted due to specific conditions
variance
the permitting of activities whose denial would cause a hardship associated with the parcel
ETJ
Extraterritorial Jurisdiction- when a state of municipality is allowed to impose zoning outside its boundaries, ensuring that development beyond the boundaries is compatible
Floating zone
when a community defines a use that is encouraged but is not assigned to a particular parcel- when a parcel is selected the regulations are affixed to the parcel
overlay zoning
to lay a special zone on top of existing zoning in order to apply additional requirements to that area
cluster zoning
allows buildings to be built at higher density in one area of a parcel to protect open space elsewhere
PUD
large scale mixed use developments or high density residential developments, allow for flexibility in the siting of buildings and the implementation of development standards
exaction
cost levied on developer as a condition for receiving permission to develop, should reflect the cost that a development is projected to impose on a community
impact fee
a type of exaction that is directly related to impact of new development- is most often used to fund capital facilities
easement
used to secure a portion of rights associated with a parcel without securing ownership
grayfield development
development on a vacant urban or suburban site that was formerly developed as, for example, a strip mall
Locally Undesirable Land Use
(LULU) A land use that is necessary but considered objectionable
Takings
prohibited by 5th amendment without paying just compensation and by 14th amendment without due process of the law
Ripeness doctrine
States that a claim in ready for judicial review only after a property owner has sought all possible relief through, for example, variance
Ernest Burgess
Proposed in 1925 that urban areas grew outward as a series of concentric rings
Homer Hoyt
Proposed in 1939 the idea that urban areas developed by sections that form along community and transportation routes
Harris and Ullman
Proposed in 1945 that urban areas grow by progressive integration of a number of separate nuclei, which become specialized and differentiated
Alonso
In 1960 proposed that the cost of land, the intensity of development of land, the concentration of the population and the number of place of employment each declines as distance from the BCD increases
Logan and Molotch
Proposed in 1987 that urban development is actually directed by those elite members of the community who control the resources and have connections