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12 Cards in this Set

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Congenital absence of tearing occurs in Riley-Day syndrome (familial dysautonomia) and anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia.
Alacrima
This condition is characterized by tearing while eating. Although it may be congenital, it is usually acquired after Bell's palsy and is the result of aberrant regeneration of the facial nerve.
Paradoxic Lacrimation ("Crocodile Tears")
This is a rare clinical entity attributed to a variety of causes, including conjunctival hemorrhage due to any cause (trauma, blood dyscrasia, etc) and tumors of the lacrimal sac.
Bloody Tears
Acute inflammation of the lacrimal gland is a rare condition most often seen in children as a complication of mumps, Epstein-Barr virus, measles, or influenza and in adults in association with gonorrhea.
Dacryoadenitis
Dacryoadenitis, When combined with parotid gland swelling, it is called
Mikulicz's syndrome.
Infection of the lacrimal sac is a common disease that usually occurs in infants or postmenopausal women.
Dacryocystitis
The chief symptoms of dacryocystitis
The chief symptoms of dacryocystitis are tearing and discharge.
Treatment: Acute dacryocystitis
systemic antibiotics,
The tear film is composed of three layers NAMELY:
1.LIPID
2.AQUEOUS
3. MUCUS
The normal tear volume is estimated to be
The normal tear volume is estimated to be 7 ± 2 L in each eye.
Diagnosis and grading of the dry eye condition can be achieved with THIS diagnostic methods.
Schirmer Test
is a screening test for assessment of tear production.
The Schirmer test