Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/10

Click to flip

10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ABG
Arterial Blood Gases - measures the acidity (pH) and the levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood from an artery. This test is used to check how well the lungs are able to move oxygen into the blood and remove carbon dioxide from the blood.
PO2
Partial Pressure of Oxygen - measures the pressure of oxygen dissolved in the blood and how well oxygen is able to move from the airspace of the lungs into the blood
PaCO2
Partial Pressure of Carbon Dioxide - this measures how much carbon dioxide is dissolved in the blood and how well CO2 is able to move out of the body
pH
The pH measures hydrogen ions (H+) in blood. The pH in blood is usually between 7.35-7.45. A pH less than 7 is considered acidic and a pH greater than 7 is considered basic (alkaline). So, blood is slightly basic.
HCO3-
Bicarbonate - a chemical buffer that keeps the pH of blood from becoming too acidic or basic
O2CT and O2Sat
O2 Content measures the amount of oxygen in the blood. O2 Saturation measures how much oxygen is being carried by RBC
Respiratory Acidosis
pH = <7.35
PaCO2 = >45
HCO3 = Normal
Respiratory Alkalosis
pH = >7.45
PaCO2 = <35
HCO3 = Normal
Metabolic Acidosis
pH = <7.35
PaCO2 = Normal
HCO3 = <22
Metabolic Alkalosis
pH = >7.45
PaCO2 = Normal
HCO3 = >26