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43 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
functionally, _______produces bile abd synthesizes most plasma proteins ;interconverts nutrients ;detoxifies substances;stores glycogen,iron,and vitamens
the J-shaped enlargement of the gastrointestinal tract directly inferior to the diaphragm in the epigastric ,umbilical,and left hypochondriac regions of the abdomen,between the esophagus and small intestine.
connects the esophagus to the duodenum.
digestion of starches continues ,digestion of proteins begins and triglycerides,the semisolid bolus is converted to a liquid and certain substances(water ions and short chain fatty acids).
The major events of digestion and absorption occur in ____________.
small intestine
The _______begins at the pyloric sphincter of the stomachcoils through the central and inferior portion of theabdominal cavity ,and eventually opens into the large intestine.
small intestine
It averages 2.5cm(1")in diameter,its length is about 3m (10)ft. in a living person and 6.5 in cadaver.
small intestine
The snmall intestine is divided into 3 regions the__________,the shortest region is 25cm or 10" long,begins at the pyloric shincter and ends at the jejunum.
the _______ is about 1m or 3ft. long and extends to the ileum.
The final and longest region of the intestine ,The ________is about 2m or 6feet and joins the large intestine at the _________sphincter.
ileum,,,,,ileocecal sphincter
the oval_____ is the largest single mass of lumphatic tissue in the body measuring about 12cm(5"0) in length and is located in the legt hypochondriac region between the stomach and the diaphragm.
hanging inferior to the ileocecal sphincter valve is the _______,a blind pouch about 6 cm or 2.4 " long
blood passes from the fetus to the placenta via two ______________.with these at the placenta fetal blood picks up O2 and nutrients and eliminates cO2 and wastes.The oxygenated blood returns thru the umbilical cord via the single_________.
umbilical arteries,,,,umbilical vein
__________is a soft ,oblong shaped organ lying along the greater curvature of the stomach and connected by aduct to the duodenum.
The__________ is both an exocrine gland (secreting __________juice) and an endocrine gland (secreting insulin,glucagon,somatostatin,and _________polypeptide.
pancreas,,, pancreatic ,,pancreatic
The largest serous membrane of the body that lines the abdominal cavity and covers the viscera is called ___________.
__________is a soft ,oblong shaped organ lying along the greater curvature of the stomach and connected by aduct to the duodenum.
the ________peritoneum lines the abdominopelvic cavity,and the _________covers some of the organs in the cavity.
The _________forms the posterier portion of the roof or the mouth ,is an arch shaped muscular partion between the oropharynx and nasopharynx that is lined by mucous membrane.
soft palate
The ______is the anterior portion of the roof of the mouth and is formed by maxillae and palatine bones,is covered by mucus membrane and forms a bony partition between the oral and nasal cavities.
hard palate
the ______ is a colapsible muscular tube that lies posterior to the trachea. It is ________long ,passes thru the mediastium anterior to the vertibral column.Then pierces the diaphram through an opening called the _________,and ends in the superior portion of the stomach.
esophagus ,,,2225cm or 10" ,,,ESOPhageal hiatus
The domed shaped skeletal muscle between the thoracic and abdominal cavities is called_________.
the organ under the right side of the liver that stores bile and empties by means of the _________duct.
gall bladder,cystic duct
the urinary bladder is connected to the kidneys by the two________and stores ________until it is secreted by the __________.
,ureters ,urine,urethra
The throat, the tube that starts at the internal nares and runs partway down the neck ,where it opens into the esophagus posteriorly and the larnyx anteriorly
________is The last 20cm of the large intestine from the ____________to the __________
rectum,sigmoid colon,,,anus
The slim space between the parietal peritoneum and the visceral peritoneum that is filled with serous fluid is called __________.
peritoneal cavity
Some organs including the kidneys and the pancreas lie on the posterior abdominal wall and are covered byperitoneum on only theriranterior sufaces are called ____________>
The _________is a large leaf shaped piece of cartalage lying on top of the larynx, attached to the thyroid cartilage and its unattached portion is free to move up and down to cover the glottis during swallowing
a fold of peritoneum attaching the small intestine to the posterior abdominal wall is called the _________>
the ______extends from the posterior abdominal wall to wrap around the small intestine and then returns to its origin,forming a doublelayered structure.between the two structures are blood and lymphatic vessels and lymph nodes.
the thickened ring of smooth muscle through which the pylorus of the stomache comminicates with the duodenum is called ,
the pyloric sphincter
a fold of mucous membrane that guards the opening from the illeum into the large intestine.
ileocecal sphincter
the collective designation for the external genitalia of the female is called the ________.
a skin covered pouch that contains the testes and their acessory structures.
the duct that carries bile from the gall bladder to the common bile duct is called the_________>
cystic duct
a tube formed by the union of the common hepatic duct and the cystic duct that empties bile into the duodenum at the hepatopancreatic ampulla is called the ________./
the common bile duct
the left and right _______duct from the liver hook up with the __________duct then the _________duct to form the common bile duct.
hepatic ,,common hepatic,,cystic
The ___________ is a bilobed organ ,located in the superior mediasinum posterior to the sternum and between the lungs ,in which T cells develop immunocompetence.
the largest single cartilage of the larnyx,consisting of two fused plates that form the anterior wall of the larnyx is called+)_________.
thyroid cartilage
an endocrine gland with left and right lateral lbes on either side of the trachea connected by an isthmus; located anterior tothe trachea just inferior to the cricoid cartilage;secretes thyroxine(T4) and triiodothyronine(T3)and calcitonin.
thyroid gland
The voice box; the short passageway that connects the pharnyx to the trachia.
windpipe runs from the larynx to the fifth thoracic vertibra.