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62 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Name the carbon source, reproduction, unique features, and flagella of an Ameobozoa
heterotroph (indigestion), asexual reproduction, pseudopodia, single flagella
Name the carbon source, reproduction, unique features, and flagella of fungi
absorption (through roots), asexual and sexual, contain chitin, store glycogen, and single flagella
Name the carbon source, reproduction, unique features, and flagella of animals
ingestion, sexual reproduction, rule the world, single flagella
Name the carbon source, reproduction, unique features, and flagella of red algae
autotroph (photosynthetic), asexual, single flagell
Name the carbon source, reproduction, unique features, and flagella of green algae
photosynthetic, asexual reproduction, can have flagella
Name the carbon source, reproduction, unique features, and flagella of land plants
photosynthetic, some have flagella, asexual reproduction by fragmentation
What organism lacks chlorophyl B?
Red Algae
What plant organisms have flowers?
, angiosperms
What three plant organisms have seeds and pollen
Ferns (spore) , Gymnosperms, angiosperms
Tell whether Bryophytes have stomata, xylem, pollen, flowers, and what kinds of dispersal structure
Stomata, no xylem, no pollen, no flowers, spore
Tell whether Ferns have stomata, xylem, pollen, flowers, and what kinds of dispersal structure
Stomata, xylem, no pollen, no flowers, spore
Tell whether Gymnosperms have stomata, xylem, pollen, flowers, and what kinds of dispersal structure
stomata, xylem, pollen, no flowers, seed
Tell whether Angiosperms have stomata, xylem, pollen, flowers, and what kinds of dispersal structure
stomata, xylem, pollen, flowers, seed
What does chlorophyl b do?
Absorbs blue and red light
What is Plasmodium?
A parasitic protozoan of a genus that includes those causing malaria
What is an ascus?
A sac, typically cylindrical in shape, in which the spores of ascomycete fungi develop
What is endosymbiosis?
An endosymbiont is any organism that lives within the body or cells of another organism
What are two characteristics that are shared among all the Plantae?
vascular tissue, stomata
What are the tree separate organs of plants?
roots, stems, leaves
What are meristems?
They are specific locations where new cells grow
What are the three tissue systems?
dermal, ground, and vascular
What are the three different cell types?
parenchyma, collenchyma, sclerenchyma
What types of cells does the dermal tissue have?
parenchyma, sclerenchyma,
What types of cells does the ground tissue have?
parenchyma, sclerenchyma, collenchyma
What types of cells does vascular tissue have?
parenchyma, sclerenchyma
What does the dermal tissue system consist of?
outer layer of cells on the stem. leaf, and roots
What does the vascular tissue consist of?
xylem which moves water, and phloem which transports food
What does the ground tissue consist of?
support structures, storage, photosynthesis
What do parenchyma cells do?
perform metabolic functions, photosynthesis, and starch storage
What do collenchyma cells do?
support young stems and leaves by thickening primary cell walls
What do Sclerenchyma do?
support plants through cell walls, water transport
A potato is a
stem
A carrot is a
root
Celery is a
stem
Butcher's broom is a
leaf
A cactus is a
leaf
A fern is a
leaf
Ginger is a
root
Radish is a
root
Kohlrabi is a
leaf
onion is a
leaf
What is hydroponics?
The process of growing plants in sand, gravel, or liquid, with added nutrients but without soil
What is a mobile element?
symptoms that appear on older parts of plants
What is a non-mobile element?
symptoms that first appear in younger regions of the plant
Chlorosis
general yellowing of the leaf tissue
chlorotic spots
spotted yellowing of leaf tissue
mottling
mosaic patterned yellowing of leaf tissue
inter-veinal chlorosis
yellowing between but not on veins
white chlorosis
complete loss of color of leaf tissue (whitening
Purple, red, anthocyanin accumulations
reddening of leaf viens (often visible on leaf underside)
Yellow-green, deep blue-green
other discoloration
epinasty
curling or twisting of leaves
Necrosis (necrotic spots, interveinal necrosis)
death of plant tissue
wilting
loss of turgidity
Stunting
less growth in stem length than control
adventitious root formations
production of roots along stem
If a plant has a potassium deficiency what are the symptoms?
symptoms: chlorosis and necrosis of leaf margins on older leaves first; wrinkling between veins
If a plant has a calcium deficiency what are the symptoms?
NON-MOBILEleaves chlorotic, and curled; dying black or meristematic tissues of stem and roots
If a plant has a magnesium deficiency what are the symptoms?
mottled interveinal chlorosis first appearing in old leaves; leaves may wilt or become brittle
If a plant has a phosphorus deficiency what are the symptoms?
leaves dark blue-green to purple, young plants stunted,
If a plant has a sulfur deficiency what are the symptoms?
leaves light green to yellow, appearing first along veins of young leaves
If a plant has a iron deficiency what are the symptoms?
NON-MOBILE Interveinal chlorosis in young leaves, chlorosis of shoots usually followed by necrosis