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9 Cards in this Set

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présent

Anne fait la tarte
la tarte est faite par Anne
passé composé

Anne a fait la tarte
la tarte a été faite par Anne
imparfait

Anne faisait la tarte
la tarte était faite par Anne
futur

Anne fera la tarte
la tarte sera faite par Anne
subjonctif

...qu'Anne fasse la tarte
...que la t. soit faite par Anne
When the verb expresses an action, the agent is introduced by the preposition par.
Le ménage est fait par David.

The housework is done by David.

Le livre est lu par Lise.

The book is read by Lise.
When the verb expresses a state of being, the agent is often introduced by de.
Il est respecté de tout le monde.

He is respected by everyone.

Ma mère est aimée de mes amis.
My mother is loved by my friends.
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French Language
Voix passive - French Passive Voice


Voice is a grammatical term which indicates the relationship between a subject and verb. There are three different voices in French (and English).


In the passive voice, the action described by the verb is being done to the subject by an agent.

Active Voice
David fait le ménage. David is doing the housework.
Lise lit le livre. Lise is reading the book.
Tout le monde le respecte. Everyone respects him.
Mes amis aiment ma mère. My friends love my mother.


Passive Voice
Le ménage est fait par David. The housework is done by David.
Le livre est lu par Lise. The book is read by Lise.
Il est respecté de tout le monde. He is respected by everyone.
Ma mère est aimée de mes amis. My mother is loved by my friends.

Notes:

* When the verb expresses an action, the agent is introduced by the preposition par, as in the first two passive voice examples, above.
* When the verb expresses a state of being, the agent is often introduced by de, as in the last two passive voice examples.


La voix passive is formed with the conjugated verb être + the past participle. The past participle has to agree with the subject, not the agent, in gender and number, just like être verbs in the passé composé
La vaisselle est faite par Chantal.
formation:

être+past participle(agreement)

est fait(e)(s) par...
a été fait(e)(s) par...
sera fait(e)(s) par...
qu'il soit fait(e)(s) par...
était fait par...
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