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17 Cards in this Set

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Folk ballad
a narrative poem of unknown origin, meant fir subgubg, which has been handed down orally from generation to generation.
Literary ballad
a ballad composed by a kknown author who consciously imitates the rhyme, rhyme scheme, and stanza form of a folk ballad.
Alliteration
the repetition of a consonant sound at the beginning of two or more words in a line of verse.
Couplet
two successive lines of verse that rhyme and are usually of equal length.
Personifacation
a figure of speech in which human form or characterisics are given to animals, objects, or ideas
Pun
a play on words having similar sounds but different meanings, usually for comic effect.
Rhyme
repetition of the same sound or sounds at the end of words
Simile
a figure of speech in which two objects are essentially different are compared and shown to have one or more qualities in common. The comparison is usually introduced by like or as.
Sonnet
a 14 line lyrical poem with an elaborate rhyme scheme.
Symbol
and object that stands for, or represents an idea
Theme
a central thought or idea in a poem
Fable
a short tale that teaches a moral. Characters are usually animals with human characteristics.
Figure of speech
an expression in which words are used to convey a forceful or vivid mental picture.
Haiku
an ancient Japanese verse form of three unrhymed lines containing seventeen syllables in all
Free Verse
poetry that consists of unrhymed lines with irregular rhythmic patterns
Image
any word or group of words that appeals to the senses and creates pictures in the mind.
Oxmoron
contadictory words