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19 Cards in this Set

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Epilepsy:
A disorder of the nervous system characterized either by mild episodic loss of attention or sleepiness or by severe convulsions with loss of consciousness.
Ethical test in mysticism:
a test that determines the validity of a person’s mystical experience by whether they make the person a better person.
Extrovertive mystical experience:
A sense of the world around one being transfigured and transformed giving the individual the experience of all distinctions becoming one.
Introvertive mystical experience:
A sense of one entering into “the deepest and darkest part of oneself, detaching oneself from one’s ordinary state of consciousness.
Mystical Experience:
an enraptured and indescribable state of union with a higher reality or with God.
Mysticism:
A tradition which focuses upon the study of and/or the having of a unique experience called a mystical experience
Principle of credulity:
The view that mystical experiences should be taken at their face value when we have no positive reason to doubt them..
Rudolf Otto-
the essential element in religious experience is an awareness of another as holy and divine, and this awareness is characterized by awe and dread.
Soren Kierkegaard-
according to him, God is not subject to rational, objective analysis. (Radical Theology, has mystical overtones)
William James-
for him a person should choose a belief when there is insufficient evidence for the belief, the options presented are forced, vital, and living.
“The Will to believe” wrote “Do not decide, but leave the question open is itself a decision.”
-the aquistion of religious belief a live, forced, and momentous option.
Paul Tillich –
Claimed that “Depth is what the word God means, the source of your being, of your ultimate concern, of what you take seriously without any reservation. (Radical Theology, has mystical overtones)
Mary Daly-
feminist theologian, stated.. the male conceptions of God has had a profoundly oppressive impact on women. (Other feminist disagree and argue for reform from within.)
Saint Anselm-
ontological argument (traditional arguments 1 of 3) ,,, the existence of God is built into the very concept of God.
Saint Thomas Aquinas-
cosmological argument (traditional arguments 1 of 3)
William Paley-
argument from design (traditional argument 1 of 3)
Abraham Maslow-
“peak experiences” vivid moments in our life when everything seems to fall into place. Self-actualization- a belief in our own capacity for growth, self-transcendence.
"The major test [of the authenticity of mystical experiences] is ethical in the
broadest sense of the word." What is this ethical test and why is it considered
a major test?
The ethical test is a test that determines validates a person’s
mystical experiences by whether the experience makes the person a morally
better person. It is considered a major test because it is an unexplainable connection
with a or the supreme being or with a higher reality.
Is mysticism necessarily in conflict with traditional or institutionized religions?
Does it necessarily conflict with rationality?
No mysticism is not necessarily in conflict with traditional or institutionalized religions mainly because it basically study the basis for the beliefs of religions. No it does not necessarily conflict with rationality because it involves a process of how we believe what we believe.
Briefly describe one of three viewpoints from the section on nontraditional
religious experiences: Kierkegaard, Tillich or feminist theology.
Kierkegaard viewpoint is of the most extreme. It belief is built upon no facts. It is built upon that God is God. We should never try to challenge whether God exist or not. He is the supreme being the maker of the universe. To try and explain his existence is non sense, because he exist just because. His existence is unexplainable in our vocabulary so why challenge it… just accept it.