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74 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The food phyramid has 6 types of nutrients?
– Carbohydrates
– Lipids
– Proteins
– Waters
– Minerals
– Vitamins
Protein and carbohydrate breakdown produce _____ Cal/gram of energy?
4
Lipids produce _____ Cal/gram of energy?
9
The USDA suggested dietary intake for calories from carbohydrates?
50 – 60%
With calories from carbohydrates, simple (sweet) sugars should be less than _____%?
15%
With calories from fats (main lipids) should be less than _____%?
30%
With calories from fats, saturated fat should be less than _____%?
10%
The USDA suggested dietary intake from protein should be _____–_____%
12 – 15%
The guidelines for healthy eating states that you should eat a _____ of food?
Variety
The guidelines for healthy eating states to _____ a healthy weight?
Maintain
The guidelines for healthy eating states to eat foods _____ in saturated fat, and cholesterol?
Low
The guidelines for healthy eating states to eat _____ of fruits, vegetables, and grains?
Plenty
The guidelines for healthy eating states to use sodium in moderation, less than _____ mg/day?
2300
The guidelines for healthy eating states to drink alcoholic beverages in _____?
Moderation
With my phyramid a personalized approach to healthy food choices are based on _____, _____, and _____?
– Gender
– Age
– Activity
With a healthy moderately active 18-year-old female, the intake should be about _____ calories/day?
2000
With a healthy moderately active 18-year-old male, the intake should be about _____ calories/day?
2800
What nutrients is energy and building materials?
– Carbohydrates
– Proteins
What nutrients is chemical reactions?
– Minerals
– Vitamins
Types of minerals?
– Calcium
– Iron
– Sodium
– Potassium
What is the most abundant mineral?
Calcium
What mineral is a hemoglobin component?
Iron
What minerals effect nerve and muscle action potential?
– Sodium
– Potassium
Types of vitamins?
– Lipid – Soluble
– Water – Soluble
What vitamins are lipid soluble?
– A
– D
– E
– K
Which lipid soluble vitamin absorbs calcium from the GI tract?
Vitamin D
Low vitamin D can cause _____ and _____?
– Rickets
– Osteomalacia
Which lipid soluble vitamin is involved in blood clotting?
Vitamin K
What vitamins are water-soluble?
– B
– C
Which water-soluble vitamin is a antioxidant, and promotes collagen formation?
Vitamin C
2 categories of metabolism?
– Anabolism
– Catabolism
Which category of metabolism forms larger molecules and requires energy from ATP?
Anabolism
Which category of metabolism breaks down larger molecules and release energy to ATP?
Catabolism
Which metabolism is glucose?
Carbohydrate Metabolism
With carbohydrate metabolism, glucose is the main source of _____ production?
ATP
With carbohydrate metabolism, _____ & _____ (monosaccharides) are converted to glucose?
– Fructose
– Galactose
With carbohydrate metabolism, glucose is stored as glycogen in the _____ & _____ muscle?
– Liver
– Skeletal
With carbohydrate metabolism, glucose excess (more than 500 g) forms _____?
Triglycerides
Glucose catabolism is _____ catabolism of __ molecule of glucose and produces __-__ ATP?
– Complete
– 1
– 36 – 38
3 processes of glucose catabolism?
– Glycolysis
– Krebs Cycle
– Electron Transport Chain
Which process of glucose catabolism is a anaerobic process that occurs in cytosol?
Glycolysis
Which processes of glucose catabolism is a aerobic process that occurs in a mitochondria?
– Krebs Cycle
– Electron Transport Chain
With glucose regulation and anabolism, high blood glucose levels _____ insulin production?
Stimulate
Insulin increases glucose transport _____ cells and turns from glucose to _____?
– Into
– Glycogen
Insulin increases glucose transport into cells and turns from glucose to glycogen then the blood glucose level is _____?
Lowered
With glucose regulation and anabolism, low blood glucose levels stimulate _____,_____, and _____?
– Glucagon
– Epinephrine
– Cortisol
With low blood glucose, glycogen turns to _____?
Glucose
With low blood glucose, non-carbs (lipids and proteins) turn to glucose called _____?
Gluconeogenesis
With low blood glucose the effect would be where the blood glucose level is _____?
Increased
With lipid catabolism, _____ is where triglycerides turn to fatty acids?
Lipolysis
With lipolysis, triglycerides turns to fatty acids, then fatty acids turns to _____ _____?
Ketone Bodies
With lipid catabolism, _____ and _____ can form excessive ketone bodies that turn into acetone (_____ _____)?
– Diabetics
– Alcoholics
– Sweet Breath
Abnormally low pH can result in coma and death is called?
Ketoacidosis
With lipid anabolism, what is it when excessive carbohydrates and proteins form fats?
Lipogenesis
Lipogenesis has _____ storage capacity, and most is stored in the _____ layer?
– Unlimited
– Subcutaneous
With lipid transport and blood, lipids are _____ (_____ in water) and they combined with proteins to form _____?
– Hydrophobic
– Insoluble
– Lipoproteins
Lipoprotein types?
– Chylomicrons
– Low Density
– High Density
Which lipoprotein type transport dietary fat?
Chylomicrons
Which lipoprotein type is bad?
Low-Density (LDL's)
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL's) _____ risk of coronary artery disease?
Increase
Which lipoprotein type is good?
High Density (HDL's)
High density lipoproteins (HDL's) _____ risk of coronary artery disease?
Decrease
Which metabolism, unlike carbohydrates and fats, is where proteins are not stored for future use?
Protein Metabolism
Deamination removes an amino group from proteins permitting ATP formation is?
Protein Catabolism
With protein catabolism, _____ removes an _____ group from proteins permitting _____ formation?
– Deamination
– Amino
– ATP
Protein anabolism requires _____ & _____ amino acids?
– Essential
– Nonessential
With metabolism, the metabolic rate is increased by?
– Exercise
– Thyroid Hormones
– Sympathetic Nervous System
– Ingestion of Food
Body heat transfer types?
– Radiation
– Conduction
– Convection
– Evaporation
Which body heat transfer type is where objects transverse heat without physical contact?
Radiation
Which body heat transfer type is where objects transfers heat with physical contact?
Conduction
Which body heat transfer type is where heat transfers by movement of liquid or gas?
Convection
Which body heat transfer type is conversion of water to vapor?
Evaporation
Body temperature regulation is controlled by a _____ feedback in the _____?
– Negative
– Hypothalamus
With body temperature regulation, _____ increase internal thermostat causing _____?
–Pyrogens
– Shivering