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34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
politics
who gets what, when, and how; a process of determining how power and resources are distributed without violence
power
the ability to get other people to do what you want
social order
the way we organize and live our lives collectively
legitimate
accepted as "right" or proper
government
a system or organization for exercising authority over a body of people
authority
power that is recognized as legitimate
rules
directives that specify how resources will be distributed or what procedures govern collective authority
institutions
organizations in which governmental power is exercised
economics
productiion and distribution of a society's material resources and services
capitalist economy
an economic system in which the market determines production, distribution, and price decisions and property is privately owned
laissez-faire capitalism
an economic system in which market makes all decisions and government play no role
regulated capitalism
a market system in which the government intervenes to protect rights and make procedural guarantees
procedural guarantees
government assurance that the rules will work smoothly and treat everyone fairly, with no promise of particular outcomes
socialist economy
an economic system in which the state determines production, distribution, and price decisions and property is government owned
substantive guarantees
government assurance of particular outcomes or results
social democracy
a hybrid of capitalist economy and a government that supports equality
authoritarian government
systems in which the state holds all power over the social order
totalitarian
a system in which absolute power is exercised over every aspect of life
authoritarian capitalism
a system in which the state allows people economic freedom but maintains stringent social regulations to limit noneconomic behavior
anarchy
the absence of government and laws
democracy
government vests power in the people
popular soverignty
the concetp that citizens are the ultimate source of political power
elite democracy
a theory of democracy that limits citizens role to choosing competing leaders
pluralist democracy
a theory of democracy that holds that citizen membership in groups is key to political power
participatory democracy
a theory that holds that citizens should actively and directly control all aspects of their lives
advanced industrial democracy
a system in which a democratic government allows citizens a considerable amount of personal freedom and maintains a free market economy
communist democracy
a utopian system in which property is communally owned and all decisions are made democratically
subjects
individuals who are obliged to submit to a government authority against which they have no rights
citizens
members of a poltical community with both rights and responsibilities
divine rights of kings
the principle that earthly rulers receive their authority from God
Protestant Reformation
the break from Roman Catholic Church in the 1500s by those who believed in direct access to God and salvation by faith
Enlightenment
a philosophical movement that emphasized human reason, scientific examination, and industrial progress
social contract
the notion that society is based on an agreement between government and governed in which people agree to give up some right in exchange for the protection of others
republic
a government in which decisions are made through reps elected by the people