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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the process by which a drug passes into the bloodstream
Adverse effects
more severe side effects which may justify the discontinuation of a drug
a drug that interacts with a receptor to produce a response
a small glass container for individual doses of liquid medications
Anaphylactic reaction
a severe allergic reaction usually occurs immediately after the administration of the drug
the part of the needle, which is the slanted part at the tip of the needle
process by which a drug is converted to a less active form; also called detoxification
Brand name
the name given by the drug manufacturer
pertaining to the cheek
a tube with a lumen (channel) that is inserted into a cavity or duct and is often fitted with a trocar during insertion
Chemical name
the name by which a chemist knows the drug; describes the constituents of the drug precisely
Cumulative effect
the increasing response to repeated doses of a drug that occurs when the rate of administration exceeds the rate of metabolism or excretion
a process by which a drug is converted to a less active form
the transportation of a drug from its site of absorption to its site of action
a chemical compound taken for disease prevention, diagnosis, cure, or relief or to affect the structure or function of the body
Drug abuse
excessive intake of a substance either continually or periodically
Drug allergy
an immunologic reaction to a drug
Drug dependence
inability to keep the intake of a drug or substance under control
Drug habituation
a mild form of psychologic dependence on a drug
Drug half-life
the time required for the elimination process to reduce the concentration of the drug to one half what it was at initial administration
Drug interaction
the beneficial or harmful interaction of one drug with another drug
Drug polymorphism
a client’s variation in response to a drug is influenced by age, gender, size, and body composition
Drug tolerance
a condition in which successive increases in the dosage of a drug are required to maintain a given therapeutic effect
Drug toxicity
the quality of a drug that exerts a deleterious effect on an organism or tissue
commonly used routes for parenteral administration into the lumbar spinal space
elimination of a waste product produced by the body cells from the body
Gastrostomy tube
a tube which is surgically placed directly into the client’s stomach and provides another route for administering nutrition and medications
diameter of the shaft
Generic name
a drug name not protected by trademark and usually describing the chemical structure of the drug
the part of the needle, which fits onto the syringe
under the skin
Hypodermic syringe
a type of syringe that comes in 2-, 2.5-, and 3-mL sizes; the syringe usually has two scales marked on it: the minim and the milliliter
Iatrogenic disease
disease caused unintentionally by medical therapy
Idiosyncratic effect
a different, unexpected or individual effect from the normal one usually expected from a medication; the occurrence of unpredictable and unexplainable symptoms
Illicit drugs
drugs that are sold illegally; street drugs