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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What does proof mean?
Proof= 2 times %
How many calories per gram does alcohol contain?
7 calories per gram
What are the drug effects of alcohol?
*Changes in brain chemistry.
*Alters consciousness.
*Wide ranging effects on all aspects of our thinking, emotions, and behaviors.
What are some key differences in alcohol use between ethnic groups and genders?
*Women drink less than men and they start later.
*Younger adults drink more than older adults.
*Caucasions drink more.
What are some reasons that people drink?
*Coping mechanism.
*Compliance with social norms.
*Dysfunctional family life.
*Childhood trauma.
What is the main site for metabolism of alcohol?
90% metabolized in the liver.
What percent of alcohol consumed is not metabolized and what happens to this alcohol?
(2-10%)- The rest of it goes to the lungs, kidneys, and sweat glands.
How much alcohol is metabolized per hour?
1/3- 1/2 ounces of alcohol per hour.
How is blood alcohol content measured?
Amount of alcohol in grams out of 100 mL of blood.
What are some factors affecting BAC and alcohol absorption?
Strength of the beverage,
Carbonation, Presence of food,
Hydration, Speed of Consumption, Number of drinks,
Drug Interaction, Gender, Ethnicity, Body Weight/Body Fat, Age, Cigarette Smoke.
Describe some of the effects of alcohol at the following BAC levels: 0.01-0.05, 0.10, 0.18, 0.25, 0.35, 0.5?
0.01-0.05= Relaxed, Happy, Reduces social nerves.
0.10= Unsteady balance, slower reaction times.
0.18= Severe motor disturbances, slurred speech, disoriented.
0.25= Vomiting, unaware of surroundings.
0.35= Coma/Death.
0.5= Dead!!
What is alcohol poisoning?
Large amount of alcohol in a very short amount of time.
What causes hangovers and what are some of the symptoms?
*Stomach Upset
What are some of the long-term health effects of chronic alcohol use?
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, Heart Disease, Stroke, Cardiomyopathy, Liver Disease, Cancers, Brain Damage, Reduce efficiency of the immune system, body weight and nutrition.
We discussed 4 different alcoholic drinking patterns. What are they?
*Regular daily intake of large amounts of alcohol.
*Regular heavy drinking limited to weekends.
*Long periods of sobriety interspersed with binges.
*Heavy drinking limited to times of stress.