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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
_______ kidney diseases include ectopic, horseshoe, agenisis, polycystic and cystic.
developmental
Nephrotic syndrome is characterized by ______ proteinuria, lipiduria and hypolbuminemia due to increased glomerular pereability resulting in severe edema.
massive >3.5 g/day
Nephritic syndrome is characterized by oliguria, ______ hematuria, uremia and ______
gross, Hypertension
Ag Ab complexes form due to a strep infection causing inflamation and increased numbers of mesangial cells and PMN's. This reaction compresses the GBM making it more permiable (nephritic syndrome) in this type of glomerulonephritis?
Acute
__________ glomerulonephritis is caused by injury resulting in increased glomerular pressure due to macrophage exudate --> nephritic syndrome
Crescentic
Goodpasture's syndrome, SLE, IgA nephropathy and Wegener's granulomatosis are examples of _____ _______
Crescentic GN
Which type of GN is noninflammatory, caused by a thickening of the GBM due to granular immune complex deposition --> nephrotic syndrome?
Membranous
________ is the most common cause of nephrotic syndrome in s and is non responsive to therapy.
Membranous GN
Lipoid nephrosis is the most common cause of nephrotic syndrome in children and is caused by the fusion of podocyte ______.
processes
Type of syndrome? Acute and Crescentic GN and Goodpasture's
nephritic (oligo/hematuria, hypertension)
________ and ______ are nephrotic (massive proteinuria).
Membranous GN and Lipid nephrosis
IgA nephropathy, Lupus nephritis and Membranoproliferative GN are _______ syndromes.
mixed nephritic/nephrotic
This is the term used for multiple disease processes which: chronic --> end stage kidney disease, nephrotic/nephritic, do not respond to Tx and cause kidney shrinkage.
Chronic proliferative GN
Berger's nephropathy (IgA deposits) and Membranoproliferative GN (duplicate GBM = "tram track") are both examples of ____ _______ _______.
Chronic proliferative GN
Berger's nephropathy is the most common cause of GN in s T/F?
TRUE
Signs of end stage Gn include: uremia, renal/tubular atrophy, hyalinized _______.
glomeruli
Acute, cerescentic, chronic proliferative and membranous GN, lipoid nephrosis and end stage glomerulopathy are all _________ kidney diseases.
Immunological
_________ and _____ _____ are example of metabolic kidney diseases.
diabetes, urinary stones
Diabetes causes a thickening of the GBM which increases permiability (proteinuria) resulting in _______ syndrome.
nephrotic
Increase mesangial matrix --> nodular glomerulosclerosis (Kimmelsteil-Wilson disease) is due to this disease?
diabetes
Pathological complications due to diabetes include ischemia (atrophy, arteriosclerosis, papillary necrosis) and a predispostion to _____.
pyelonephritis (infection)
T/F kidney stones are usually found in the renal pelvis or bladder.
TRUE
Kidney stones hematuria and renal colic and are more commonly found in men/women?
MEN
Acute tubular necrosis, Nephroangiosclerosis and Hypertension are all forms of _______ kidney infections.
Circulatory
The most common cause of sudden onset renal failure is ATN due to MI's and _____.
shock (hypovolemic, toxic)
Which circulatory kidney disease is caused by atherosclerotic plaques which cause infarcts, scaring and fibrosis?
Nephroangiosclerosis
Hypertension stimulates arteriole contraction leading to thickening and hyalinization of the vessel walls causing reduced perfusion. _____ is released due to perfusion contributing to further hypertension.
Renin
Polynephritis and Cystitis are kidney diseases caused by _______.
Infection (UTI's)
Bacteria can reach the UT through ________ or through the urethra (ascending inf.)
blood (hematogenous)
Acute pyelonephritis affects the entire kidney while chronic forms abcesses usually durring childhood, pregnancy or in the elderly. T/F
False - chronic = entire kidney, acute = abscess
Women are affected with UTI's more than men. T/F
TRUE
Predisposing facors to UTI's include: stones, surgery, pregnancy, prostate hyperplasia and ______.
tumors
Cystitis is more common in women young and old infection of the _____.
bladder
Cranberry juice is a must for newlyweds (Chase) to avoid ______ ______ caused by being "naughty". Infections are also related to pregnancy, urinary stones and cystoscopy.
honeymoon cystitis
Acute csytitis shows visible conjestion and mucosal hemorrhaging. T/F
TRUE
Chronic cystitis causes ulceration and thickening of the bladder. _____ _______ causes soft yellowish plaques.
renal malakoplakia
Renal cell carcinoma, Wilms tumor and Transitional cell carcinoma are kidney diseases due to _______.
neoplasms/cancer
Kidney neoplasms are usually benign. T/F
FALSE malignant (common in older men)
_______ tumors are the most common in the urinay tract.
Bladder
55 year old male presents with hematuria, flank pain and a palpable mass (yellow invading renal vein) with increased EPO levels. He was later diagnosed with ______.
renal cell carcinoma
3 year old presents with a multinodular renal mass replacing his kidney. Surgery and chemo are the treatment for this tumor.
Wilms
This hematuria causing tumor of the urinary collecting duct is twice as common as renal cell carcinoma.
Transitional cell carcinoma